NOVEMBER 3, 1956
CHICAGO—There is a most interesting book called "The Conquest of Disability," edited by Sir Ian Fraser.
It is an extraodinary account of human experiences related by people from many walks of life. They describe in detail the various ways in which they have lived with their difficulties and finally conquered them as far as it was possible to do so.
I think the book will serve as an inspiration to many persons with the same or similar disabilities who are managing to live out their lives successfully and usefully.
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I saw in the paper the other day that 200 scientists had backed the President's position on the H-bomb, and my latest information was that 270 had backed Adlai Stevenson's position.
Soon we will arrive at the point of discussing which scientists have given the most convincing reasons for their beliefs. When we do that, I think we may be interested in a report which comes to me from Rochester, N.Y., where "19 University of Rochester scientists, including the chief medical researcher for the Atomic Energy Commission, disputed President Eisenhower's assertion that H-bomb tests can be continued without peril to humanity."
A report from the committee for world development and world disarmament also says "that a ban on H-bomb tests is a possible and safe first step to agreement on a comprehensive plan for enforcement of disarmament."
The committee has much supporting material which it is ready to distribute and also names the foreign countries which have tried to convince the great powers to limit experiments in this field.
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The Fund for the Republic has financed research in the field of integration throughout the United States and now has published a report called "Integration North and South" which gives details of extensive progress towards reduction of segregation and discrimination throughout the country.
The authors of this report, David Loth and Harold Flemming, list "state by state and community by community cases where bars against Negroes have been stopped, in public and private schools, employment, public accommodations, places of worship, hospitals, military installations, housing and recreation." They cover the period since the Supreme Court decision of May 17, 1954.
The encouraging thing is that in the "non-southern states the remaining racial segregation and discrimination is not only being reduced steadily but also that Negro citizens are obtaining positions of leadership in all walks of life."
Even more encouraging is the statement that there "is no longer a solid South of segregation."