Kendo Terms and Concepts

Courtesy of Boston Kendo Kyokai.

Reiho - Etiquette

Start of group practice

End of group practice

Sei retsu

Line up

Sei retsu

Line up

Seiza

Be seated

Seiza

Be seated

Ki o tsuke

Attention

Ki o tsuke

Attention

Mokuso

Deep breathing and meditation

Men o tore

Remove your men

Mokuso yame

End of breathing and meditation

Mokuso

Deep breathing and meditation

Shomen ni rei

Bow to head of dojo

Mokuso yame

End of breathing and meditation

Sensei ni rei

Bow to teachers

Sensei ni rei

Bow to teachers

Men o tsuke

Put on your men

Shomen ni rei

Bow to head of dojo

Start of individual practice

End of individual practice

Rei

Bow to partner

Sonkyo

Crouching "En Garde" position

"Onegai shimasu"

Please, let's practice

Rei

Bow to partner

Sonkyo

Crouching "En Garde" position

"Domo arigato gozaimashita"

Thank you very much

Entering Dojo

Leaving Dojo

Rei

Bow to head of dojo

Rei

Bow to head of dojo

 

Important Concepts

Ki ken tai i-chi

Spirit sword body as one

Ken zen i-chi

Kendo and Zen are the same

Zanshin

Resolute Will

Ken tai i-chi

Attack and Defense are the same

Kokoro gamae

Readiness of Spirit

Tamashii

Fighting Spirit

Hei jo shin

Calmness of Mind

Mizu no yo-ni

Be like water

Fudo shin

Immoveable Mind

Nami no yo-ni

Be like a wave

 

Keiko - Practice

Ashi sabaki - Footwork

Suburi - Striking the Air

Suri ashi

"Rubbing Feet"

Shomen suburi

Basic striking

Ayumi ashi

Alternating stepping

Nanameburi

Diagonal striking

Okuri ashi

Slide stepping

Jogeburi

Large motion striking

Hiraki ashi

Diagonal stepping

Hidari katate suburi

Left hand only striking

Fumi komi ashi

Attack stepping

Hayasuburi

Quick striking

Kihon Waza - Fundamental Techniques

Fundamental Drills

Men uchi

Strike to Men

Kiri kaeshi

Repeated diagonal men striking

Kote uchi

Strike to Kote

Kakari geiko

Attack practice

Do uchi

Strike to Do

Ji geiko

Free practice

Tsuki

Thrust to throat guard

Shiai geiko

Tournament practice

Ni Dan Waza - 2 Step Comination Techniques

Oji Waza - Advanced Techniques

Kote men

Kote followed by men

Men debana kote

Intercept of men with kote

Kote do

Kote followed by do

Men debana men

Intercept of men with men

Men men

Men followed by men

Kote nuki men

Evasion of kote with men

Tsuki men

Tsuki followed by men

Men nuki do

Evasion of men with do

San Dan Waza - 3 Step Combination Techniques

Kote suriage men

Deflection of kote, followed by men

Kote men do

Kote men followed by do

Men suiage men

Deflection of men, followed by men

Kote men men

Kote men followed by men

Kote kaeshi men

Block & counter kote with men

Tsuki men do

Tsuki men followed by do

Men kaeshi do

Block & counter men with do

Hiki waza - Backward Techniques

Men kaeshi men

Block & counter men with men

Hiki men

Men retreating from tsubazeriai

Other Techniques

Hiki do

Do retreating from tsubazeriai

Katate yokomen

One hand diagonal men

Hiki kote

Kote retreating from tsubazeriai

Katate tsuki

One hand thrust to throat guard

Bogu - Equipment

Men

Face mask

Keiko gi

Jacket

Do

Chest protector

Hakama

Trousers

Tare

Hip protector

Obi

Belt

Kote

Padded gloves

Tenogui

Towel

Shinai

Bamboo sword

Tsuba

Sword guard

Bokken

Wooden sword

Iaito

Metal practice sword

Kamae - Ready Stances

Chudan

Middle ready position with sword pointed straight toward opponent's throat

Gedan

Low ready position with sword pointed downward with tip at knee level

Jodan

High ready position with sword held overhead angled 45 degrees to the rear

Waki

Low ready position with sword held pointed backwards at right side

Hasso

High ready position with sword held verticle and angled 45 degrees to the rear

Seigan

Middle ready position with sword pointed at opponent's opposite shoulder

Sei-Gedan

Low ready position with sword pointed toward opponent's knee opposite of where your hands are

Kasumi

High ready position with sword held to right of body pointed at opponent's left hand when in jodan