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University Bulletin: Undergraduate Programs The George Washington University  



Professors R. Thornton, P.F. Klarén, W.H. Becker (Chair), L.P. Ribuffo, E. Berkowitz, R.H. Spector, L.L. Peck, R.J. Cottrol, D.K. Kennedy, A.M. Black (Research), M.A. Atkin, T. Anbinder, H.L. Agnew, A.J. Hiltebeitel, E. Arnesen, J. Weissman Joselit, R.B. Stott, D. Silverman, A. Zimmerman, E.H. Cline, J. Hershberg

Associate Professors E.A. McCord, C.E. Harrison, D.R. Khoury, D. Yang, S. McHale, H.M. Harrison, N. Blyden, M. Norton, G.A. Brazinsky, K. Schultheiss, C. Klemek

Assistant Professors S.N. Robinson, D. Schwartz, A. Smith II, E. Chapman, C.T. Long, B. Hopkins, J. Kim, S. Miller, T. Christov, D. Brunsman, G. Childs

Instructor J. Krug

Adjunct Professors K. Bowling, A. Howard, L. Strauss

Professorial Lecturer S. Wells

Post-Doctoral Fellow J. Shea

Bachelor of Arts with a major in history—The following requirements must be fulfilled:

1. The general requirements of Columbian College of Arts and Sciences.

2. Required courses in related areas—Two semesters of a single foreign language or placement into the third semester of a foreign language by examination.

3. Three introductory courses chosen from Hist 1011, 1110, 1120, 1121, 1310, 1311. Credit in lieu of these courses may be obtained by scoring 4 or 5 on the Advanced Placement Examination; waiver for these courses may be obtained by scoring 650 or above on the SAT World or American History test. Neither waiver nor credit is awarded by CLEP subject examination.

4. Majors must complete a Majors’ Introductory Seminar and either Hist 4098 or 4099. Eight courses must be chosen from groups (a), (b), and (c), below, with the following distribution: at least two courses from each group, with the other two courses chosen from any of the three groups or from any courses in the Hist 3000s. Of all the courses taken for the major, one must focus on the period before 1750; such courses include Hist 2112, 2113, 2803, 2804, 3030, 3038, 3103, 3111, 3118, 3130, 3132, 3134, 3140, 3150, 3180, 3302, 3510, 3520, 3610, 3710, 3810, and 4135. Certain offerings of Majors’ Introductory Seminar and Special Topics courses offered by the History Department may also fulfill the period requirement. Each section of Hist 3001, 3101, 3301, 3501, 3601, 3701, and 3801 fulfills one category of the requirements for the major.

(a) Europe—Hist 2112, 2113, 2710, 2730, 3030, 3031, 3038, 3039, 3045, 3047, 3060, 3061, 3334, 3820, and all courses within the Hist 3100-3299 range.

(b) United States—Hist 2010, 2011, 2020, 3060, and all courses within the Hist 2300-2449, 3030-3049, and 3300-3449 ranges.

(c) Asia, Africa, Middle East, and Latin America—Hist 2730, 2803, 2804, 3031, 3035, 3039, 3045, 3046, 3137, appropriate Sophomore Seminars, and all courses within the Hist 3500-3899 range.

Special Honors—For Special Honors in history, a history major must (1) meet the general honors requirements listed under University Regulations; (2) have an overall GPA of 3.3 and a GPA of 3.5 in the major at the time of graduation; (3) complete Hist 4099 with a grade of A or A–.

Minor in history—Undergraduate students who select a minor in history must ordinarily declare their intention to a departmental advisor no later than the beginning of their senior year. To meet the departmental requirements for a minor, the student must complete one course chosen from Hist 1011, 1110, 1120, 1121, 1310, or 1311 and at least five upper-division history courses numbered 2000 and higher.

With permission, a limited number of graduate courses in the department may be taken for credit toward an undergraduate degree. See the Graduate Programs Bulletin for course listings.

Note: History majors should note that only one Majors’ Introductory Seminar can be counted toward the major; the course is usually taken in the sophomore year. Specific topics of both Majors’ Introductory Seminars and Special Topics courses are announced in the Schedule of Classes.

Course Accessibility: All listed courses are open to students without history course prerequisites with the exception of Hist 3095, 4098, and 4099.

The green leaf indicates that the course addresses environmental, social or economic sustainability.
1011 World History, 1500–Present (3) Hopkins, D. Kennedy, Childs, and Staff
  An introduction to world history over the past half millennium, stressing themes of exchange and integration, tracing the ways various peoples of the world became bound together in a common system.
1020 Women in Western Civilization (3) Staff
  Same as WStu 1020.
1110-20 European Civilization in Its World Context (3-3) Staff
  Introduction to the history of Europe, emphasizing primary sources and their interpretation. Hist 1110: from the beginning of written culture through 1715. Hist 1120: from 1715 to the present.
1121 The War of Ideas in European and International History, 1750–Present (3) Zimmerman
  The ideas that made people fight, from the French Revolution to the worldwide uprisings of the 1960s and beyond. Key texts whose ideas of freedom and slavery, tradition and progress, state authority and revolutionary violence changed the world. The political, economic, and social contexts and effects of these texts.
1310-11 Introduction to American History (3-3) Staff
  The political, social, economic, and cultural history of the United States. Hist 1310: from the earliest settlements to 1876. Hist 1311: from 1876 to present.
2005 Majors’ Introductory Seminar (3) Staff
2010 Early American Cultural History (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2010.
2011 Modern American Cultural History (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2011.
2020 Washington, D.C.: History, Culture, and Politics (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2020.
2105 Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Europe (3) Staff
2112 Early Aegean and Greek Civilizations to 338 B.C. (3) Cline
  Neolithic background; Bronze Age—Minoan, Helladic, and Mycenaean civilizations; classical Greek civilization to the Macedonian conquest. Same as Clas 2112.
2113 The Roman World to 337 A.D. (3) Cline, Smith
  Prehistoric Italy; rise and decline of the Roman Empire and Latin civilization; cultural, social, and political developments in the Greek world under Roman rule. Same as Clas 2113.
2305 Majors’ Introductory Seminar: United States (3) Staff
2320 U.S. Media and Cultural History (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2320.
2340 U.S. Diplomatic History (3) Hershberg, Brazinsky
  American foreign relations in the 20th century.
2350 U.S. Religion and Politics (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2350.
2380 Sexuality in U.S. History (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2380/WStu 2380.
2410 20th-Century U.S. Immigration (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2410.
2440 The American City (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2440.
2490 Themes in U.S. Cultural History (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2490.
2505 Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Africa (3) Staff
2605 Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Asia (3) Staff
2705 Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Latin America (3) Staff
2710 The United States in Global Context, 1898–Present (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2710.
2730 World War II in History and Memory (3) Staff
  Same as AmSt 2730.
2803 The Ancient Near East and Egypt to 322 B.C. (3) Cline
  Survey of Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Anatolian, West Semitic, and Iranian civilizations from the Neolithic period to Alexander’s conquest. Same as Clas 2803.
2804 History of Ancient Israel (3) Cline
  The history of ancient Israel from the Patriarchs through the Romans. Topics include historical, archeological, political, social, cultural, religious, diplomatic, military, economic, and intellectual events, movements, and relationships. Same as Clas 2804.
2805 Majors’ Introductory Seminar: Middle East (3) Staff
3001 Special Topics (3) Staff
May be repeated for credit provided the topic differs.
3030-31 Military History (3-3) Long
  Causes, conduct, and consequences of warfare in the West. Hist 3030: to 1860. Hist 3031: Since 1861. (Academic year)
3033 War and the Military in American Society from the Revolution to the Gulf War (3) Spector
  Social and psychological dimensions of war and military service.
3035 The United States and the Wars in Indochina, 1945-1975 (3) Spector
  The American role in the Indochina Wars, emphasizing the period 1961-1975, and from the perspectives of the Vietnamese, French, and Americans in Vietnam. Related intellectual and political developments in the United States; Cold War relationships with China and the Soviet Union.
3038-39 Naval History (3-3) Long
  Hist 3038: The age of sail—to 1815. Hist 3039: The age of steam and steel—since 1815. (Academic year)
3045 International History of the Cold War (3) H. Harrison, Hershberg
  Key events and themes of the Cold War, drawing on new evidence from U.S., Soviet, Chinese, German, East European, Vietnamese, Cuban, and other sources. Related historiographical controversies from multiple national perspectives. Why the Cold War began, why it lasted for 45 years, and why it ended.
3046 The Cold War in the Third World (3) Brazinsky
  The evolution of the Cold War in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Decolonization and the response of the Great Powers, the political economy of the Third World, and American and Soviet interventions.
3047 Writing Cold War History (3) Thornton
  Seminar. Students prepare a research paper on selected topics in the history of the Cold War.
3060 Modern Jewish History (3) Schwartz
  A secular history of the Jewish people from the 18th century to the present state of Israel; emphasis on European and Middle Eastern political, economic, and cultural influences.
3061 The Holocaust (3) Schwartz
  The origins, causes, and significance of the Nazi attempt to destroy European Jewry, within the context of European and Jewish history. Related themes include the behavior of perpetrators, victims, and bystanders; literary responses; contemporary implications of the Holocaust for religion and politics.
3095 Internship (1 to 3) Staff
  Study of history through internships in museums, libraries, Congress, or other appropriate institutions and agencies. Prerequisite: approval of a departmental faculty member.
3097 Independent Study (1 to 3) Staff
  Permission of instructor required.
3101 Topics in European History (3) Staff
3103-4 European Intellectual History (3-3) Christov
  Hist 3103: The “Century of Genius” and the Enlightenment; God, nature, man, and society, from Descartes to the French Revolution. Hist 3104: Responses to the French Revolution and the Enlightenment; historicism, evolution; nihilism, psychoanalysis; communism; fascism; existentialism, structuralism, postmodernism, and neo-orthodoxy.
3111 Topics in Ancient History (3) Cline, Smith
  Same as Clas 3111.
3118 The Middle Ages: 500-1500 (3) Miller
  The evolution of European society from the end of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance. The nature of political power, role of religion, place of gender, cultural production, and changing social structures.
3124 19th-Century Europe (3) Zimmerman, Schwartz
  Exploration of primary source documents and works of professional historians to introduce important issues of 19th-century European history.
3125 Europe in the 20th Century (3) Schultheiss
  Diplomatic, political, and cultural developments from the turn of the century to the present.
3126 European Integration: A History (3) Wells
  An examination of the origins and development of the European Union.
3130-31 History of England (3-3) Peck
  Development of English civilization and its impact on Western culture. Hist 3130: To 1689. Hist 3131: Since 1689.
3132 Tudor England (3) Peck
  Aspects of the constitutional, social, intellectual, economic, and religious development of England, 1485-1603.
3134 Stuart England (3) Peck
  The civil wars, Restoration, and Glorious Revolution. Political, religious, socioeconomic, and intellectual developments in England, 1603-1714.
3135 Victorian Britain (3) Kennedy
  Major themes in 19th-century British history: industrialism, democratization, urbanization, imperial expansion, class and gender schisms.
3137 The British Empire (3) Kennedy
  The British Empire from its rise in the 17th century to its demise in the 20th century.
3139 20th-Century Britain (3) Kennedy
  Major themes of 20th-century British history: industrial decline, imperialism and decolonization, the making of a welfare state, the cataclysm of global war, integration with Europe.
3140-41 History of France (3-3) Schultheiss
  Hist 3140: Old Regime: monarchy and social classes; the Church; the Enlightenment; the 1789 revolution; Napoleon. Hist 3141: From 1814: breaks and continuities in the succession of regimes; the interplay between revolution and tradition; the weakened international position of France; Gaullism and the survival of France; European Unity.
3145 The French Revolution (3) Staff
  Social, political, economic, and cultural history of the decade of revolution, 1789-1799. Attention to its structural consequences in France and in Europe at large.
3150 Spain and Its Empire, 1492-1700 (3) Norton
  Major transformations of the period: from cultural pluralism to ethnic homogeneity, from medieval fragmentation to imperial expansion in Europe and America; from religious reform to Catholic Reformation, from global dominance to decline.
3160 History of Germany (3) Zimmerman
  Political, social, and cultural development. From 1815 to the present.
3168 The Two Germanys and the Cold War (3) H. Harrison
  Why was Germany divided after World War II? Why did it stay divided for 45 years? How was it reunited in 1990? This course examines developments in East and West Germany, relations between the two Germanys during the Cold War, their foreign policies, and how other countries treated them.
3173 The Habsburgs in East Central Europe (3) Agnew
  History of the Habsburg monarchy in its East Central European context. Reformation and Counter-Reformation; conflict with the Ottoman Empire; great-power competition in Europe; response to the Enlightenment and the French Revolution; the rise of nationalism; and final dissolution in World War I.
3178 The Making of the Modern Balkans (3) Agnew
  States of the Balkan peninsula—Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, and Romania—including developments since the decline of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of Balkan nationalist movements, and continuing through the collapse of the Soviet bloc.
3180 Russia to 1801 (3) Atkin
  Survey of Russian history from the rise of the Kievan confederation in the ninth century to the establishment of Imperial Russia as a European great power. Attention will be given to the political, socioeconomic, and cultural history of the East Slavs, especially the Russians.
3181 Russia Since 1801 (3) Atkin
  Survey of Russian and Soviet history from the reign of Alexander I to the Stalin era. Attention will be given to the contending forces of revolution, reform, and conservatism; diplomatic relations; economic development; and social change.
3301 Topics in U.S. History (3) Staff
3302 America Before 1764 (3) Silverman
  An examination of prehistory, colonization, and the shifting dynamics among European Americans, African Americans, and Native Americans before 1764.
3303 Revolutionary America (3) Silverman, Brunsman
  An examination of the War of Independence and other events that reshaped life for Native Americans, African Americans, and European Americans in the era of the American Revolution; emphasis on a continental approach to the period.
3304 George Washington and His World (3) Brunsman
  George Washington’s life as soldier, politician, entrepreneur, slave holder, and national icon. Emphasis on the interpretation of original sources, including historical documents and the material culture of Washington’s Mount Vernon estate, with tours and lectures by curators and historians. Departmental permission is required for registration.
3311 The Jacksonian Era and the Rise of Mass Politics (3) Anbinder, Stott
  The period 1828-1850 and its continuing significance to American society; emphasis on national politics and the emerging sectional conflict.
3312 Civil War and Reconstruction (3) Anbinder
  How tensions between the sections developed into violence, how a total war was fought on American soil, and how Reconstruction shaped the making of modern American politics and race relations.
3313 History of the American West (3) Stott
  The interaction of environment and cultures among the different peoples vying for occupancy of the trans-Mississippi region of the United States from the early 19th century to the present.
3320 U.S. History, 1890-1945 (3) Ribuffo, Berkowitz
  Political, social, diplomatic, and intellectual developments, with particular emphasis on the “searching” ’20s and New Deal.
3321 Contemporary U.S. History Since 1945 (3) Ribuffo, Arnesen
  Political, social, diplomatic, and intellectual developments, with particular emphasis on the Cold War, “silent” ’50s, and disrupted ’60s.
3322 The Modern American Presidency (3) Berkowitz
  The development of the modern American presidency, from Theodore Roosevelt to Bill Clinton, examining the intersection of personal and impersonal forces in the creation of modern America.
3324 U.S. Urban History (3) Klemek
Same as AmSt 3324.
3332-33 History of American Foreign Policy Since World War II (3-3) Thornton
  Emphasis on American and Soviet strategy and foreign policy in the era of the Cold War. Hist 3332: World War II to the Vietnam War; Hist 3333: Vietnam to the “New World Order.”
3334 The Nuclear Arms Race (3) Hershberg
  Political, military, diplomatic, scientific, and cultural consequences of the advent of nuclear weapons. The development and uses of the atomic bomb during World War II and the course and legacy of the U.S.–Soviet nuclear arms race during the Cold War.
3351 U.S. Social History (3) Stott
  The urban–industrial era from 1861 to present. Same as AmSt 3351.
3352-53 Women in the United States (3-3) Murphy, C. Harrison
  Survey of women’s experience in U.S. history, the way gender has organized relations of power, and the impact of race, region, class, and ethnicity on women and on gender roles. Same as AmSt 3352/WStu 3352-53.
3360-61 African American History (3-3) Chapman
  Survey of the African American experience, emphasizing the contributions of black Americans to and their impact upon American history. Same as AmSt 3360-61.
3362 Black Women in U.S. History (3) Chapman
  Black women from the Middle Passage to contemporary times. Same as AmSt 3362/WStu 3362.
3366 Immigration, Ethnicity, and the American Experience (3) Anbinder
  Examination of the role of immigration, ethnicity, and ethnic conflict in Amer ican life, with particular attention to the urban immigrant experience from 1820 to 1924.
3367 History of the Jewish People in America (3) Strauss and Staff
  The study of the Jewish minority in America from colonial times to the present. Emphasis on the interaction between a powerful majority culture and that of protean minority people.
3370 U.S. Constitutional History (3) C. Harrison
  Examination of the text and interpretation of the document that is the foundation of the American government, with special attention to the changing character of race and gender as constitutional classes.
3501 Topics in African History (3) Blyden, Krug, Childs
3510 African History to 1880 (3) Blyden, Krug, Childs
  Survey of the history of the African continent with emphasis on the history of sub-Sahara Africa.
3520 Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World (3) Blyden, Krug, Childs
  The role of Africa and Africans in the Atlantic world with emphasis on links between Africa, Europe, and the Americas.
3530 Women in Africa (3) Blyden
  African women from prehistory to the present, focusing on culture, the role of gender, and outside influences and their impact on women’s history. Same as WStu 3530.
3540 West Africa to Independence (3) Blyden
  A thematic survey of West African history, focusing on the diversity of African culture, West African kingdoms and empires, Islam, the trans-Saharan trade, African contact with Europe, slavery and the slave trade, and the colonization of Africa.
3601 Topics in Asian History (3) Staff
3610 China to 1800 (3) McCord
  Survey of Chinese civilization from its ancient beginnings to the last imperial dynasty.
3611 History of Modern China (3) McCord McCord
  China since 1840, with particular attention to political developments.
3614 Writing Modern Chinese History (3) Thornton
  Seminar. Students prepare a research paper on selected topics in the history of modern China.
3615 History of Chinese Communism (3) Thornton
  Survey of the leadership, ideology, structure, and foreign and domestic policies of the Chinese Communist Party from its inception to the present.
3621 History of Modern Japan (3) Yang
  Japan’s century of modernization—from the Meiji Restoration of 1868 to the present. Emphasis on historical, political, economic, and cultural factors.
3630 History of Korea (3) Kim
  An introductory survey of the history and culture of Korea from antiquity to the present.
3631 History of Modern Korea (3) Kim
  Modern Korean history from 1876 to contemporary society. Emphasis on colonialism, nationalism, the division of peninsula, the Cold War, and globalization.
3640 History of Southeast Asia (3) McHale
  An examination of Vietnam and its neighbors from the pre-colonial period to the present.
3650 Modern South Asia, 1750–Present (3) Hopkins
  The South Asian subcontinent, including Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, since the mid-18th century. The period of British rule, from the late 18th to the mid-20th century. The different trajectories of the independent nation-states of South Asia following decolonization.
3701 Topics in Latin American History (3) Staff
3710-11 History of Latin America (3-3) Klarén, Childs
  Hist 3710: Analysis of Spanish and Portuguese imperialism in the New World, 1492-1820. Hist 3711: A problems approach to Latin America, 1820 to the present; thematic emphasis on neocolonialism, corporatism, liberalism, caudillismo, modernization, populism, and revolution.
3801 Topics in Middle Eastern History (3) Staff
3810 History of the Middle East to 1800 (3) Khoury
  Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Islamic backgrounds; rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire; action of European powers in the area; Ottoman breakup into the Turkish Republic and other states.
3811 The Middle East in the 20th Century (3) Robinson
  The state system established after World War I. Effects of colonialism, the rise of nationalism, the Cold War, and the oil industry. The modes of identification that accompanied these processes, including pan-Arabism and Islamism.
3820 History of Israel (3) Schwartz
  A history of Israel from the origins of Zionism and the British Mandate through the Oslo Accord and its legacy.
3830 History of Iraq (3) Khoury
  Modern Iraq’s Ottoman background; its incorporation into a world market dominated by Europe, British influence and preconceptions in the creation of Iraq, and the emergence and survival of the Ba’ath dictatorship. Reforms in economic, political, and educational spheres.
3840 History of Central Asia (3) Atkin
  Introduction to the political, cultural, religious, and social history of the region, including Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
3850 Modern Iran (3) Atkin
  Political, diplomatic, religious, and other developments in Iran from about 1800 to 1989.
4098 Thesis Seminar (3) Staff
  For history majors only. Preparation of a research paper using primary sources.
4099 Senior Honors Thesis (3) Staff
  Required of and open only to undergraduate honors candidates in history. Prerequisite: permission of the thesis director must be obtained the semester before registration.
4135 Folger Seminar (3) Staff
  The history of books and early modern culture. Use of the archive at the Folger Shakespeare Library. Students must obtain departmental approval in the preceding semester. Same as Engl 4135/Fren 4135.

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© 2013 University Bulletin
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Information in this bulletin is generally accurate as of fall 2012. The University reserves the right to change courses, programs, fees, and the academic calendar, or to make other changes deemed necessary or desirable, giving advance notice of change when possible.