MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING
Professors C.A. Garris, J.D.Y. Lee, Y.L. Shen, A.D. Cutler, S.M. Hsu, D.S. Dolling, M.W. Plesniak (Chair), E. Balaras
Associate Professors M. Keidar, K. Sarker, Y. Leng
Assistant Professors P. BenTzvi, P.M. Bardet, A.M. Wickenheiser, C. Liang, L. Zhang, M. Leftwich, T. Lee
Adjunct Professor M.A. Imam
Professorial Lecturers G.C. Everstine, S.S. Dodbele, A. Rao, J.K. Soldner, J.H. Milgram, J.M. Fleming, D.R. Gerk, T.M. Krafchak, R. Krishnamurthy, M.A. Busby, K. Bulusu, T. Conway, J. Silver, M. Snyder
See the School of Engineering and Applied Science for programs leading to the master’s, professional, and doctoral degrees. A certificate program in computerintegrated design in mechanical and aerospace engineering is offered by the department.
The green leaf indicates that the course addresses environmental, social or economic sustainability.
6201 
Introduction to Manufacturing (3) 
Shen 

Fundamentals of modern manufacturing. Processes for manufacturing mechanical and electronic components from metals, polymers, ceramics, and silicon. Manufacturing systems, CAD, robotics, and design for assembly. Current capabilities, technological needs, and competitiveness. Examples from hightech industries. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6203 
Experimental Techniques (3) 
Cutler 

Sensors; measurement of displacement, temperature, pressure and velocity. Optical methods. Signal conditioning. Computer data acquisition. Uncertainty analysis. Case studies of instrumentation systems such as hotwire anemometers, laserdoppler anemometers, shlieren/shadowgraph and interferometers. Laboratory projects. (As arranged) 
6204 
Tissue Engineering (3) 
Zhang 

Principles, technologies, and applications of tissue engineering, an emerging interdisciplinary field that incorporates progress in biology, materials science, and engineering toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain, or improve damaged tissue and/or organ functionality. (Spring) 
6207 
Theory of Elasticity (3) 
J. Lee, Manzari 

Introduction to Cartesian tensors; deformation, stress, constitutive relations for linear elasticity; formulation of boundary value problems, variational principles, torsion and bending of prismatial rods, plane problems. Prerequisite: approval of department. Same as CE 6207. (Spring) 
6210 
Continuum Mechanics (3) 
J. Lee 

Tensor analysis; fundamental concepts of continuum mechanics; kinematics of continuum; derivation of balance laws of mass, linear momentum, angular momentum, energy and entropy; axioms of constitutive theory; formulation of constitutive theories; Onsager’s principle; objectivity; representation theorem for isotropic functions; plasticity, including concepts of internal variables, yield surface, return mapping algorithm. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6220 
Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics (3) 
Staff 

Basic principles of fluid dynamics and aerodynamics. Finite difference and finite volume methods. Fluid flow and heat transfer analysis of thermofluid mechanical systems. Computational aerodynamics codes. Individual handson experience with a commercial CFD code such as FLUENT. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6221 
Fluid Mechanics (3) 
Plesniak and Staff 

Continuum, kinematics of fluids; stress and strain rate tensors; fundamental equations of viscous compressible flows. Irrotational flows; sources, sinks, doublets, and vortices. Laminar flow of viscous incompressible fluids; boundarylayer concept. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6222 
Applied Aerodynamics (3) 
Staff 

Introduction to practical and computational methods for solving twodimensional and threedimensional aerodynamics problems. Linear methods, nonlinear potential methods, coordinate transforms, and boundarylayer methods. Prerequisite: MAE 6221, 6286. (As arranged) 
6223 
Turbomachinery (3) 
Garris 

Turbine, compressor, and pump types and uses; dimensional analysis of turbomachines; cycle analysis of gas and steam turbines; energy interchange in fluid machinery; design, characteristics, and performance of turbines, compressors, and pumps; comparison of types of turbines, compressors, and pumps. Prerequisite: MAE 6221. (Fall, odd years) 
6224 
Viscous Flow (3) 
Cutler, Plesniak 

Exact solutions of Navier–Stokes equations; the laminar boundarylayer theory. Reynolds stresses and turbulence; internal, boundarylayer, and mixing flows. Applications to heat and mass transfer and to reacting flows. Prerequisite: ApSc 6213, MAE 6221, or equivalent. (Fall, even years) 
6225 
Computational Fluid Dynamics (3) 
Balaras, Liang 

Theory of discrete methods for solving the governing equations of fluid dynamics. Potential flow, Euler equations, NavierStokes equations. Emphasis on algorithm development appropriate to modern supercomputers. Prerequisite: MAE 6221, 6286. (Spring) 
6226 
Aero/Hydrodynamics (3) 
Wickenheiser and Staff 

Inviscid flows in two and three dimensions and irrotational flow theory; conformal mapping and applications. Helmoltz theorems and vorticity dynamics. Applications such as airfoil theory, finite wing theory, panel methods, instabilities, free surface flow. Prerequisite: MAE 6221 or equivalent. (Spring) 
6227 
Aeroelasticity (3) 
Staff 

Static and dynamic structural deformations; static aeroelasticity (structural deformation, divergence, control effectiveness, and reversal); dynamic aeroelasticity (flutter, response to gusts and turbulence); unsteady aerodynamics for 2D wings; strip theory for 3D lifting surfaces; piston and Newtonianflow theories. Prerequisite: MAE 6221, 6257. (As arranged) 
6228 
Compressible Flow (3) 
Cutler, Garris 

Thermodynamics and equations of compressible inviscid flow. Onedimensional flow. Isentropic flow. Normal and oblique shock waves. Quasionedimensional flow. Unsteady onedimensional and steady twodimensional flow. Introduction to transonic flow. Prerequisite: ApSc 6213, MAE 6221 or equivalent. (Spring, even years) 
6229 
Propulsion (3) 
Keidar, Garris 

Basic concepts of propulsion: energy transformations in propulsive flows, gas dynamics of combustion. Thermal and propulsive efficiencies. Cycle and engine component analysis. Intake, nozzle performance. Drag and thrust generation. Augmentation. Propellers, turbojets, turbofans, ramjets, and rockets. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring) 
6230 
Space Propulsion (3) 
Staff 

Advanced chemical propulsion: dynamic combustion and instabilities in solid propellants. Injection, atomization, mixing in liquid propellant engine performance. Plasma propulsion: electrostatic, electromagnetic, and electrothermal instabilities (laser and microwave). Nuclear propulsion. Prerequisite: MAE 6229. (Spring, even years) 
6231 
Structure and Transformations in Materials (3) 
Staff 

Structure of crystals, crystal binding, crystal defects, dislocations, solid solutions, phases, diffusion, phase transformations, deformation twinning, and martensite. Prerequisite: ApSc 2130. (Fall, odd years) 
6232 
Fracture Mechanics (3) 
J. Lee 

Concepts, history, and recent developments of fracture mechanics. Singularity at the crack tip; solutions around crack tip; stress intensity factors; energy release rate; Jintegral; direction of crack extension; Plasticity and slow crack growth; dynamic crack propagation; molecular dynamics simulation of fracture. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
6233 
Mechanics of Composite Materials (3) 
J. Lee, Manzari 

Stressstrain relationship for orthotropic materials, invariant properties of an orthotropic lamina, biaxial strength theory for an orthotropic lamina. Mechanics of materials approach to stiffness, elasticity approach to stiffness. Classical lamination theory, strength of laminates. Statistical theory of fatigue damage. Prerequisite: approval of department. Same as CE 6209. (Spring, odd years) 
6234 
Composite Materials (3) 
Staff 

Principles of composites and composite reinforcement. Micromechanics and failure, interface reactions in various composites, reinforcing materials. Structure of composites: fiberreinforced polymers, fillerreinforced polymers, fiberreinforced metals, directionally solidified alloys, dispersionstrengthened metals. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring, even years) 
6235 
Deformation and Failure of Materials (3) 
Staff 

Elastic and plastic deformation, yield, dislocation theory, strengthening mechanisms, creep, polymers, fracture, transition temperature, microstructure, fatigue. (Spring, odd years) 
6237 
Applied Electrochemistry (3) 
Staff 

Charged interfaces, electrochemical cells, corrosion thermodynamics, electrode kinetics, general corrosion, crevice corrosion, pitting, stresscorrosion cracking, corrosion protection, batteries and fuel cells, energy storage. May include current and potential distribution in electrochemical cells and scaling effects in modeling. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, even years) 
6238 
Biomaterials (3) 
Zhang and Staff 

Applications of materials science and engineering to artificial materials in the human body with the objective of detailed understanding of synthetic materials and biopolymers. Biocompatibility and its consequences on tissue–implant interfaces. Design and development of new implant materials, smart drugs, and drug delivery systems. Prerequisite: MAE 3166 or 4168. (Fall) 
6239 
Computational Nanosciences (3) 
Leng 

Introduction to surface force measurements in nanosciences; continuum contact mechanics in nanoscience research; intermolecular forces; empirical potentials for transition metals; surface forces in liquids; largescale atomic/molecular massively parallel simulator; force field development from quantum mechanical density–functional theory for organic/metal molecular systems. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6240 
Kinematic Synthesis (3) 
Staff 

Techniques for the analysis and synthesis of function, path, and motion generating mechanisms. Methods for the dimensional design of mechanisms. Computeraided techniques for the optimal design of planar linkages. Review of recent developments and current research. Term project. Prerequisite: MAE 3190 or equivalent. (Spring, odd years) 
6241 
Computer Models of Physical and Engineering Systems (3) 
Staff 

Reduction of physical and engineering systems to simplified physical and mathematical models. Manipulation of models using C/C++ programming. Numerical algorithms for optimization, graph identification, minisum arithmetic, and searching. Styles of problem solving. Prerequisite: MAE 2117. (Spring) 
6242 
Advanced Mechanisms (3) 
Staff 

Emphasis on spatial kinematics. Analysis and synthesis of mechanisms. Analytical techniques using matrices, dual numbers, quaternion algebra, finite and instantaneous screws, theory of envelopes. Applications to design of linkages, cams, gears. Use of digital computers in mechanism analysis and design. (Spring, even years) 
6243 
Advanced Mechanical Engineering Design (3) 
Staff 

Design of mechanical engineering components and systems emphasizing computeraided engineering (CAE), including interactive computer graphics, finite element analysis, and design optimization. Creation of a complete design on an engineering workstation. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6244 
ComputerIntegrated Engineering Design (3) 
Staff 

Design of engineering components and systems on engineering workstations using IDEAS. Interactive computer graphics, finite element analysis, computerbased design optimization, and other relevant computerbased tools. Students apply design concepts in a computeraided engineering environment to a selected project. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring) 
6245 
Robotic Systems (3) 
J. Lee, BenTzvi 

Classification, features, and applications of industrial robots. Spatial descriptions and transformations, forward and inverse kinematics. Jacobian matrix, velocities and static forces, manipulator dynamics and controls. Robot actuators, transmissions, sensors, end effectors, and programming. Prerequisite: MAE 4182 or equivalent. (Spring) 
6246 
Electromechanical Control Systems (3) 
J. Lee 

State–space representations of dynamic systems; dynamics of linear systems; controllability and observability; linear observers; compensator design by separation principle; linear–quadratic optimal control; Riccati equations; random processes; Kalman filter; applications of optimal stochastic control theory to robotics and earthquake engineering. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, odd years) 
6247 
Aircraft Design I (3) 
Staff 

Conceptual design methods used in response to prescribed mission and performance requirements, alternate configuration concepts. Configuration general arrangement and empennage sizing. Estimation of aircraft size, weight, and balance; lift, thrust and drag; system level tradeoff and sensitivity studies. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring) 
6248 
Aircraft Design II (3) 
Staff 

Preliminary design methods used to refine a conceptual aircraft configuration. Area ruling, computeraided design methods and structural arrangement, estimation of aircraft static and dynamic stability and control sizing, inlet design, detailed tradeoff and sensitivity studies, economic and reliability considerations. (Spring) 
6249 
Spacecraft Design (3) 
Staff 

Computeraided design of spacecraft and satellites to meet specific mission requirements. Environment, propulsion, structure, heat transfer, orbital mechanics, control considerations. Use of modern computer codes for design studies. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6250 
Launch Vehicle Design (3) 
Staff 

Computeraided design of hypersonic launch vehicles to meet specific mission requirements. Propulsion, structures, flight path, aerothermochemistry, control considerations. Use of modern computer codes for design studies. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring, odd years) 
6251 
ComputerIntegrated Manufacturing (3) 
Shen 

Automation techniques for processing metals, polymers, and composites. Use of sensing and process modeling in process control. Numerical control and robot applications and limitations. Integration, scheduling, and tool management in the computerintegrated factory. Quality control. Social and economic considerations in CIM. Prerequisite: MAE 3192 or equivalent. (Spring) 
6252 
Projects in ComputerIntegrated Design and Manufacturing (3) 
Shen 

Applications of the concepts of computerintegrated manufacturing to group projects, culminating in written and oral presentations. Robot programming, visionguided assembly, force sensing, fixturing, and endeffector design for practical applications. Factory simulation, part scheduling, and NC programverification algorithms. Prerequisite: MAE 6251. (Fall, odd years) 
6253 
Aircraft Structures (3) 
Staff 

Statics of thinwalled beams and panels, force interplay between stiffeners and skin in the analysis and design of stiffened thinwalled structures. Strength and stiffness of locally buckled stiffened structures. Design considerations. Critical evaluation of various design procedures. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
6254 
Applied Nonlinear Control (3) 
T. Lee 

Dynamic characteristics of nonlinear systems. State stability and inputoutput stability. Lyapunov stability theory and invariance principle. Nonlinear control systems, including feedback linearization, backstepping, sliding mode control, and passivitybased design. Applications to robotics, aircraft, and spacecraft control systems. Geometric controls and hybrid systems. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, odd years) 
6255 
Plasma Engineering in Aerospace and Nanotechnology (3) 
Keidar 

Plasma fundamentals, electromagnetic waves in plasma, plasma–wall interactions, modeling and experimental techniques in plasmas, electrical discharge, plasma propulsion, plasmabased nanotechnology. Prerequisite: MAE 3126. 
6257 
Theory of Vibrations (3) 
Lee and Staff 

Damped and undamped natural vibration, response of single and multipledegreesoffreedom systems to steadystate and transient excitations, modal analysis, nonproportional damping and complex modes, variation formulation of equations of motion, discretization of structural systems for vibrational analysis. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6258 
Advanced Vibration Analysis and Control (3) 
Wickenheiser 

Discrete systems, modal analysis, modeling in state space, measurement, control, and system identification. Continuous systems, normal modes, approximations, distributed sensing and actuation. Realization, model reduction. Random vibrations. Prerequisite: MAE 4182; either MAE 3134 or MAE 6257 or equivalent. (Spring) 
6260 
Nanomechanics (3) 
J. Lee 

Introduction to crystallography; interatomic potentials; phonon dispersion relations; molecular dynamics simulation; Nose–Hoover thermostat; coarse grained nonequilibrium molecular dynamics; multiple length/time scale theory of multiphysics; microcontinuum field theories; applications to nano materials/structures. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring, odd years) 
6261 
Air Pollution (3) 
Staff 

Introductory course on the generation, monitoring, and control of air pollution. Atmospheric pollutants; current levels and health problems. Combustion chemistry and mixing. Photochemical processes; smog and measurements. Atmospheric dispersion; inversion and acid rain. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, odd years) 
6262 
Energy Systems Analysis (3) 
Staff 

Analysis of energy resources and conversion devices. Statistical data analysis, forecasting, I/O, and net energy analyses, mathematical modeling. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6263 
Advances in Energy Engineering (3) 
Hsu 

Review of thermodynamics, heat transfer, fluid dynamics, and materials technology used in the energy industries. New energyefficient technologies in transportation and buildings; renewable energy (wind, solar, and biomass). Climate change and sustainability issues, such as carbon capture, cap and trade, carbon sequestration. 
6270 
Theoretical Acoustics (3) 
Staff 

Basic acoustic theory in stationary and uniformly moving media; waves in infinite space; sound transmission through interfaces; sound radiation from simple solid boundaries, source and dipole fields; propagation in ducts and enclosures; elements of classical absorption of sound. Prerequisite: ApSc 6213, MAE 6221. (As arranged) 
6271 
Time Series Analysis (3) 
Staff 

Harmonic analysis of random signals; auto and crosscorrelations and spectra; coherence; modern techniques for spectral estimation, including fast Fourier transform, maximum entropy, and maximum likelihood; bias and variability; randomly sampled data; digital filtering; applications. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
6274 
Spacecraft Dynamics (3) 
Staff 

Fundamentals of satellite attitude dynamics and passive stabilization. Spacecraft attitude representation, rotational kinematics and kinetics. External torques. Dynamics of gyroscopes. Gravity gradient stabilization. Effect of internal energy dissipation on stability of spinning bodies and methods of despin. Dual spin satellites. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring, even years) 
6275 
Stability and Control of Aircraft (3) 
Staff 

Derivation of equations of motion, Euler transformations and direction cosines, stability derivatives and linearization of equations of motion, stability of linear systems with application to longitudinal and lateral dynamics, Laplace transform techniques, and frequencyresponse analysis. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, even years) 
6276 
Space Flight Mechanics (3) 
Staff 

Coordinate and time systems. Newton’s laws; 2, 3, and nbody problems, Lagrange points, gravityassisted trajectories, variation of parameters and orbit perturbations, noncentral gravity effects, drag, sunsynchronous, and formation orbits. Numerical applications using MatLab. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6277 
Spacecraft Attitude Control (3) 
Staff 

Control of spinning and threeaxis stabilized spacecraft. Elements of linear control theory for singleinput, singleoutput systems and basic feedback control laws. Momentum management and actuator desaturation. Sensors for attitude determination. Application of modern control for multiinput, multioutput systems. Control system simulations using MatLab. (As arranged) 
6278 
Space Flight Guidance and Navigation (3) 
Staff 

Fundamentals of spacecraft guidance and navigation. Single, double, and multiimpulse orbit changes, Lambert’s Theorem, rendezvous and interception, batch and sequential orbit determination, guidance strategies for fixed and variable flight time problems. Numerical applications using MatLab. (Fall, even years) 
6280 
Intermediate Thermodynamics (3) 
Staff 

Review of First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics and combining the two through exergy; entropy generation minimization and applications. Single phase systems, exergy analyses, multiphase systems, phase diagrams and the corresponding states principle. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall) 
6281 
Advanced Thermodynamics (3) 
Staff 

Development of classical and quantum statistical mechanics, including Maxwell–Boltzman distributions and microscopic origins of entropy and other thermodynamic variables. Partition functions and micro and grandcanonical ensembles; Fermi–Dirac, Bose–Einstein, and intermediate statistics. Einstein and Debye models of solids. Prerequisite: MAE 6280 or equivalent. (As arranged) 
6282 
Convective Heat and Mass Transfer (3) 
Cutler, Garris 

Heat and momentum transfer in laminar and turbulent flow. The laminar boundarylayer solution. Similarity and nondimensional parameters. Massmomentum heat transfer analogy. Convective heat transfer at high velocity. Stability, transition, and turbulence. Free convection. Prerequisite: MAE 6221 or equivalent. (Spring, odd years) 
6283 
Radiative Heat Transfer (3) 
Cutler 

Basic concepts of heat transfer by thermal radiation starting from Planck’s equation for blackbody radiation. Realistic engineering problems are addressed, some involving radiative heat transfer with a variety of surfaces, geometries, and enclosures. Radiative heat flow combined with conduction and convection boundaries. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, odd years) 
6284 
Combustion (3) 
Garris 

Basic combustion phenomena. Rate processes and chemical kinetics. Chain reaction theory. Detonation, deflagration, diffusion flames, heterogeneous combustion. Experimental measurements. Impact of pollution regulations and alternate fuels. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring, even years) 
6286 
Numerical Solution Techniques in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (3) 
Liang and Staff 

Development of finite difference and finite element techniques for solving elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic partial differential equations. Prerequisite: ApSc 6213 or equivalent. (Fall) 
6287 
Applied Finite Element Methods (3) 
J. Lee 

Review of theory of elasticity. Basic aspects of theory and application of finite element methods. Utilization of MSC/NASTRAN for static, dynamic, linear, and nonlinear analyses of problems in mechanical, aeronautical, and astronautical engineering. Course emphasizes individual handson experience with the MSC/NASTRAN code. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Spring) 
6288 
Advanced Finite Element Analysis (3) 
J. Lee, Manzari 

Review of variational formulation of the finite element method. Finite element analysis of largestrain thermomechanics. Applications to static and dynamic problems in finite elasticity, Fung elasticity (biomechanics), nonlocal theory, active stress in living biological tissues, biological growth, and largestrain plasticity. Recent developments in finite element methods. Same as CE 8330. Prerequisite: approval of department. (Fall, even years) 
6290 
Special Topics in Materials Science (3) 
Staff 

Selected subjects of current interest. Arranged by consultation between department faculty and students. Typical topics include experimental methods in materials science and nondestructive inspection of materials. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
6291 
Special Topics in Mechanical Engineering (3) 
Staff 

Selected subjects of current interest. Arranged by consultation between department faculty and students. Typical topics include tribology, power systems design, solar heating systems, HVAC, and plasticity theory. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
6292 
Special Topics in Aerospace Engineering (3) 
Staff 

Selected subjects of current interest. Arranged by consultation between department faculty and students. Typical topics include environmental noise control, aeroacoustics, hypersonic flow, and flight vehicle aerodynamics. May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
6298 
Research (arr.) 
Staff 

Basic research projects as arranged. May be repeated for credit. 
699899 
Thesis Research (33) 
Staff 
8350 
Advanced Topics in Materials Science (3) 
Staff 

Topics such as surface science that are of current research interest. Selected after consultation between department faculty and students. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
8351 
Advanced Topics in Mechanical Engineering (3) 
Staff 

Topics such as advanced analytical mechanics, advanced mechanics of continua, and advanced theory of elasticity that are of current research interest. Selected after consultation between department faculty and students. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
8352 
Advanced Topics in Aerospace Engineering (3) 
Staff 

Topics such as nonsteady flow, physical gas dynamics, turbulence, and nonlinear wave propagation that are of current research interest. Selected after consultation between department faculty and students. Prerequisite: approval of department. (As arranged) 
8998 
Advanced Reading and Research (arr.) 
Staff 

Limited to students preparing for the Doctor of Philosophy qualifying examination. May be repeated for credit. 
8999 
Dissertation Research (arr.) 
Staff 

Limited to Doctor of Philosophy candidates. May be repeated for credit. 
