I of the Constitution outlines the powers of the United States Congress.
Because the revolutionary generation favored legislative supremacy, Congress
was the first branch of the federal government to come into being and had the
responsibility for completing the definition of the other two branches. The
powers expressed or implied in the Constitution enabled the First Federal Congress
to create executive departments, define the structure and jurisdiction of the
federal judiciary, raise and collect revenue to meet the needs of the government,
and face difficult issues such as funding the payment of the foreign and state
Revolutionary War debts and locating the United States capital, which were
potentially divisive of the union.