Fundamentals and History of Cybernetics:  A Tutorial
by Stuart A. Umpleby
www.gwu.edu/~umpleby


1.  A Historical Overview
2.  First Order Cybernetics:  Engineering Cybernetics Exercises for Part 2
3.  Second Order Cybernetics:  Biological Cybernetics
4.  Social Cybernetics and Unifying Epistemologies