Carleton College and St Olaf College have a Summer Mathematics Program for Women primarily for students following their freshman or sophomore years.
The Summer Undergraduate Mathematical Science Research Institute (SUMSRI) is a program conducted under the guidance of Miami University's Department of Mathematics and Statistics. They "seek talented undergraduate students in the mathematical sciences who are interested in pursuing advanced degrees. Because of the shortage of minorities and women mathematical scientists, we are especially interested in, but not limited to, African Americans and other underrepresented minorities and women."
University of Nebraska- Lincoln runs an annual Nebraska Conference for Undergraduate Women in Mathematics in February. This conference gives outstanding undergraduate women the opportunity to discuss their own research and to meet other women who share their interest in the mathematical sciences.
Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Terre Haute, Indiana runs an annual Conference on Undergraduate Mathematics to spotlight and celebrate the accomplishments and work of undergraduate mathematicians.
Special Graduate and Undergraduate Programs:
Penn State University has a semester-long MASS program which provides a comprehensive mathematical environment for a group of talented undergraduate students selected from U.S. colleges and universities. The program combines advanced learning with research initiation.
NSF-GRFP (NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program)
Deadline: Nov. 15, 2011.
NDSEG (National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate)
Deadline: December 16, 2011.
SMART Scholarship (For Graduate / undergrad)
Deadline: December 1, 2011.
EAPSI (East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S. Graduate Students)
Deadline: Nov. 9, 2011.
COSMOS Club Foundation (travel grant for grad students in DC area).
Deadline: Nov. 1, 2011.
AMS travel support for grad students
Also check out the following resources:
Here is an interesting article : Why major in Mathematics?
A series of career-related articles by members of the SIAM community (originally published in SIAM News), to help graduates make the transition from school to a successful and satisfying career are available here: CAREERS in Applied Mathematics and Computational Sciences from SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics).
Here is an interesting article: PhD Candidates Can Take Job Search to a Level Beyond Academia from Washington Post, January 29, 2001.
this page: Take This Math Job and Love It. It attempts
to rank the best jobs by professions.
Here is a summary: