Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication


From the Spanish Case to the Arab Spring

November 14, 2011
The George Washington University
Lindner Family Commons, 6th Floor 1957 E Street, NW Washington, DC 20052


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The Portuguese revolution of April 1974, the end of the Greek dictatorship in July of that year, and the Spanish transition to democracy in 1975 have been commonly considered part of the "Third Wave of Democratization." This term was coined by Samuel P. Huntington right after the fall of the Berlin Wall and likewise used in order to explain the transition to democracy in the former European satellites of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. More recently, some scholars have argued that the riots and demonstrations in the Middle East (Arab Spring) could be understood as an "emerging fourth wave." U.S. Public Diplomacy efforts to promote and to spread the American political model might have played an important role in these events. This conference was a platform for interdisciplinary dialogue between historians of the U.S. Information Agency, the U..S. Educational Exchange Programs, and Political Scientists. Scholars will discuss the connections, consequences, and weakness of that supposed causality. Chair: Henry HALE, Director of the Institute for European, Eurasian and Russian Studies.



Francisco J. Rodgriguez (George Washington University)

Sean Aday (George Washington University)

Lorenzo Delgado (Instituton de Historia, CCHS-CSIC)


The Elliott School of International Affairs


The Millar Family Fund

Institute for Public Diplomacy and Global Communication

GWU; Instituton Franklin-Universidad de Alcala.



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