The Collection, Synthesis, and Quality Assessment of Data Describing The Response to Human Needs Following The 1999 Turkey Earthquakes

List of References:

Reports/Publications in Turkish:

  1. Deprem Arastirma Bulteni/Earthquake Research Bulletin, No: 69, pp.113-126

  2. Devlet Istatistik Enstitusu (DIE) 1997 Yili Nufus Sayimi Sonuclari/ State Institute for Statistics, 1997 Population Statistics.

  3. Iller Bankasi, Belediyelere Gore 1997 Nufus Sayimi Sonuclari /TR Bank of Provinces, 1997 Census According to Municipal Governments.

  4. Istanbul Teknik Universitesi, 17 Agustos 1999 Kocaeli Depremi On Degerlendirme Raporu/ Istanbul Technical University, "August 17 1999 Kocaeli Earthquake Preliminary Evaluation Report", Aug. 1999.

  5. Izmit Kent Kurultayi, Kocaeli Depremi Sonrasi Demografik  Ekonomik ve Sosyal Durumu/ Izmit City General Assembly, “Demographic, Economic and Social Situation Assessment following Koaceli Earthquake”, 232 pp.  

  6. Jandarma Genel Komutanligi, Yillik Yayin/A yearly publication by Gendarmarie General Command Headquarters, Head of Operations, 2000.

  7. TBMM, Deprem Arastirma Komisyonu Raporu/ Turkish National Assembly Earthquake Investigation Report, Dec.23 1999.

  8. T.C. Basbakanlik, Depremler, 1999: 17 Agustos ve 12 Kasim Depremlerinden Sonra Bakanliklar ve Kamu Kuruluslarinca Yapilan Calismalar, T.C Basbakanlik Kriz Yonetimi Merkezi Raporu / “1999 Earthquakes: Activities Performed by The Ministries And State Institutions Following August  17 And November 12 Earthquakes”, Report by TR Prime Ministry Crisis Management Center: August 2000, 296 pp.

  9. T.C. Bayindirlik ve Iskan Bakanligi, Afet Isleri Genel Mudurlugu, Cografi Bilgi Sistemi ile Deprem Bolgelerinin Incelenmesi/ ”/TR Ministry of Construction and Resettlement, General Directorate of Disaster Affairs, “Earthquake Zone Investigation by the Aid of GIS”, Ozmen et.al. August 1997, Ankara. 90 pp.  

  10. T.C. Bayindirlik ve Iskan Bakanligi, Afet Isleri Genel Mudurlugu, Deprem Arastirma Dairesi Baskanligi, 17 Agustos 1999 Izmit Korfezi Depremi Raporu/TR Ministry of Construction and Resettlement, General Directorate of Disaster Affairs, Earthquake Research Department, “Report on the 17 August Izmit Bay Earthquake”, Demirtas,  R. Ed. January 2000, Ankara. 295 pp.  

  11. T.C. Bayindirlik ve Iskan Bakanligi, Afet Isleri Genel Mudurlugu, Deprem Arastirma Dairesi, 12 Kasim 1999 Duzce Depremi Raporu/TR Ministry of Construction and Resettlement, General Directorate of Disaster Affairs, Earthquake Research Department, “Report on the 12 November Duzce Earthquake”, Ozmen, B. and Bagci, G. Eds. November 2000, Ankara. 224 pp.  

  12. T.C. Devlet Istatistik Enstitusu , DIE Haber Bulteni: Deprem Bolgesi Hanehalki Anketi Sonuclari"/ TR State Institute for Statistics, "News Bulletin: Results of a Survey on Households in Disaster Region", Oct.28 1999.

  13.  T.C. Devlet Istatistik Enstitusu, DIE, Deprem Bolgesinde Gecici Iskan Tercih Egilimlerini Belirleme Calismasi, 11-19 Eylul 1999/ TR State Institute for Statistics, "A Study on the Determination of Temporary Housing Needs in the Earthquake Region", Sept.11-19 1999, 61 pp.

  14. Turkiye Deprem Vakfi, Izmit Korfezi Depreminin Hasar Durumu (Rakamsal Verilerle)/ Turkey Earthquake Foundation, “Quantitative Damage Assessment of Izmit Bay Earthquake”, Ozmen, B. June 2000, Istanbul. 132 pp.


  15. Reports/Papers in English:

    1. Architectural Institute of Japan Reconnaissance Team (with BU, ITU and METU), Report on Damage Investigation after Kocaeli Earthquake by Architectural Institute of Japan (Draft), Dec.1999, 50 pp.  

    2. Bogazici University, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Department of Earthquake Engineering, 1999 Kocaeli and Duzce (Turkey) Earthquakes, Erdik, M. Dec.2000, Istanbul. 37 pp. Report no: 2000-12  

    3. Daley, R., Needs Assessment of the Displaced Population Following the August 1999 Earthquake in Turkey, Disasters, March 2001. 

    4. DIE/State Institute for Statistics, 2000 Building Census, Seismic Mitigation and the Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool, Kocberber, E. and Erdem, A., Nov.2000. 

    5. Earthquake Spectra, 1999 Kocaeli, Turkey, Earthquake Reconnaissance Report, Supplement to Volume 16, EERI, Dec. 2000, 461 pp.  

    6. EERI SPECIAL EARTHQUAKE REPORT, The Izmit (Kocaeli), Turkey Earthquake of August 17, 1999,  October 1999.

    7. Initial Geotechnical Observations of the August 17, 1999, Kocaeli Earthquake, A report of the Turkey-US Geotechnical Engineering Reconnaissance Team, Sept. 3, 1999, 68 pp.

    8. Initial Geotechnical Observations of the November 12, 1999, Duzce Earthquake, A report of the Turkey-US Geothechnical Engineering Reconnaissance Team, Nov.26, 1999, 70 pp.

    9. Istanbul Technical University, The 1999 Izmit and Duzce Earthquakes: Preliminary Results, Barka, A. et.al Eds. 2000, Istanbul. 350 pp.  

    10. Mitchell,  William A, Social, Political Response: Kocaeli, Turkey Earthquake, August 17, 1999, Baylor University.

    11. MCEER, The Marmara, Turkey Earthquake of August 17, 1999: Reconnaissance Report, Technical Report MCEER-00-0001, University of Buffalo, State Univ. of New York. 190 pp.


    Web Resources:

    Turkish Government Web Sites:

    1. www.basbakanlik.gov.tr/krizyonetimmerkezi/basinbildirileri.htm (Web site of Prime Ministry Crisis Management Center Press Releases on 1999 Earthquakes, not available online anymore)

    2. www.deprem.gov.tr (Turkish General Directorate of Disaster Affairs Web Page)

    3. www.duzce-bld.gov.tr (Web site of Duzce Municipality)

    4. www.izmit-bld.gov.tr (Web site of Greater Municipality of Izmit)

    5. www.kocaeli.gov.tr (Web site of Kocaeli province) 

    6. www.sakarya.gov.tr (Web site of Sakarya province)

    7. www.sg.com.tr/kocaeli (Kocaeli Disaster Information Sharing System)

    8. www.yalova-bld.gov.tr (Web site of Yalova Municipality)

    Turkish NGOs:

    1. Turkish Medical Association (Year 1 Evaluation Report)

    2. Turkish Medical Association, Preliminary Report on August 1999 Earthquake Submitted to Ministry of Health

    3. Turkish Psychological Association

    International Relief Organizations:

    1. Doctors Without Borders (Medecins Sans Frontieres) Webpage on August 17 Earthquake

    2. Interaction

    3. International Federation of Red Cross /Red Crescent Societies (Sitreps 1 through 48 on Turkey Earthquakes)

    4. Reliefweb

    5. United Methodist Church Web site on Turkey Earthquakes 

    6. USAID Fact Sheets on Turkey Earthquakes

    7. World Health Organization (Sitreps on Turkey Earthquakes) (not available online anymore)

    8. http://www.iris.washington.edu/news/events/turkey/turkey0899.htm

    9. http://www.undp.org.tr/CCrisisPreventionAndRecovery_C3.asp (UN Development Program, Turkey Coordination Office) UNDP responmse of August 17 and November 12 Earthquakes)

    Research Institutions/ Organizations:

    1. www.anatolianquake.org (A Curated Repository of Data on the Kocaeli-Golcuk and Bolu-Duzce Earthquakes of 1999-- maintained by several Universities)


    Contact Persons:

    Interviews were conducted with the following individuals:

    Key Turkish Government Officials

    1. Mr. Ekrem Demirbas, Director, General Directorate of Disaster Affairs, Ankara

    2. Mr. Özgün Ökmen, Deputy Undersecretary to the Prime Minister

    3. Mr. Murat Nurlu, Earthquake Research Department, General Directorate of Disaster Affairs, Ankara

    4. Mr. Adil Ozdemir, Director, Turkish Emergency Management Agency (TEMAD)

    5. Ms. Zeynep Algan, Coordinator of Emergency Management (TEMAD)

    6. Mr. Kemal Onal, (then) Governor, Province of Kocaeli

    7. Mr. Sefa Sirmen, Mayor of Izmit Municipality and Chair of Marmara Council of Mayors

    8. Mr. Bulent Ozmen, Geologist (GDDA)

    Turkish Red Crescent:

    1. Mr. Fatih Evren, Director General Turkish Red Crescent

    2. Mr. Omer Tasli, Emergency Response and Relief Director, Turkish Red Crescent

    American Red Cross:

    1. Mr. Gil Gueverra, Head of Delegation, American Red Cross Delegation, Ankara

    2. Mr. Ian O'Donnell, Technical Advisor, American Red Cross Delegation, Ankara

  16. www.anatolianquake.org (A Curated Repository of Data on the Kocaeli-Golcuk and Bolu-Duzce Earthquakes of 1999-- maintained by several Universities)

Kocaeli Chamber of Industry:

  1. Mr. Hamdi Dogan, Secretary General, Kocaeli Chamber of Industry

  2. Mr. Yilmaz Kanbak, President of the Executive Board, Kocaeli Chamber of Industry

Faculty from Bogazici University, Istanbul:

  1. Prof. Gulay Barbarosoglu, Director, Center for Disaster Management (CENDIM) and Chairperson, Department of Industrial Engineering, Bogazici University

  2. Prof. Hayat Kabasakal, Co-Director, CENDIM, Department of Management, Bogazici University

  3. Prof. Mustafa Erdik, Chairman, Department of Earthquake Engineering, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Bogazici University

  4. Prof. A. Mete Isikara, Director, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Bogazici University

  5. Prof. Ozal Yuzugullu, Executive Committee CENDIM, Prof. of Earthquake Engineering, Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Bogazici University.

Faculty from Middle East Technical University, Ankara:

  1. Prof. Polat Gulkan, Director, Middle East Technical University (METU) Disaster Management Center

  2. Prof. Nuray Karanci, Chairperson, Department of Psychology, Middle East Technical University