The First Federal Congress Project
Documentary History of the First Federal Congress

Gazette of the United States

 20 May 1789 
[Text omitted. -Ed.]*
In committee of the whole on the State of the Union, Mr. Trumbull in the chair.
[Text omitted. -Ed.]* Mr. Madison proposed a resolution, which Mr. Benson consented should supercede that introduced by him— it was to this effect— That to aid the Supreme Executive in the discharge of his important trust, there should be three subordinate departments established, viz.
The Secretary of the United States for the Department of Foreign Affairs.
The Secretary of the United States for the Department of the Treasury.
The Secretary of the United States for the War Department.
The respective heads of these departments to be nominated by The President , and appointed by him with the advice and consent of the Senate, and to be removed by The President alone— The addition of the Domestic Department, was again proposed.
The question whether there should be three departments passed unanimously in the affirmative.
It was then proposed to strike out the words "with the advice and consent of the Senate," as an unnecessary clause— This was voted in the affirmative— The last clause "to be removed by the President," occasioned a very long and interesting debate which we have not room this day to insert, but a sketch of which shall appear in our next. It was then moved, that "with the advice and consent of the Senate" should be added after the word "President ," in the last clause; this was negatived, and the vote being taken on the whole as amended, it passed in the affirmative.
The second article, viz. "Secretary of the United States for the department of the Treasury" was the next in order: when it was moved that the further consideration of the resolve, should be postponed— This being seconded the committee rose, and the Chairman reported progress.
The joint committee appointed to determine upon the subject of news papers, and to receive proposals for executing the public printing, reported in part to this effect— That it was expedient to diminish the number of papers which it had been customary to have handed in to the members of Congress, and therefore, that every member be furnished with one paper only, at the public charge, each member to take such paper as he may think proper— This report to lie on the table.

Recommended citation: Documentary History of the First Federal Congress of the United States of America, ed. Charlene Bickford, et al. (Columbia, S.C.: Model Editions Partnership, 2002). XML version based on the Documentary History of the First Federal Congress of the United States of America, ed. Charlene Bickford, et al. (Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1992) Vol. 10, pp. 718-759. http://adh.sc.edu [Accessed (supply date here)]

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