House of Representatives made no provision for the official publication of its
debates, but several newspapers at the seat of government sent reporters to record
the debate. In addition, stenographer Thomas Lloyd launched a business venture
to publish and sell copies of the debates. This was a very ambitious project
considering the tools he had to work with--quill pens, large sheets of paper,
and a primitive form of shorthand--and the length and complexity of many of
the debates. Lloyd or one of his assistants sat in the House chamber and took
the notes which became the partial basis for Lloyd's publication,
Register, the most complete single version of the debates
for the first session of
Congress. Lloyd eventually abandoned his project after becoming overwhelmed by
the work during the second session.
Text transcript of Mr. Lloyd's notes.