Birth of the Nation: The First Federal Congress 1789-1791 Next Page
The Compromise of 1790
Painting of Sen. Charles Carroll
Sen. Charles Carroll of Maryland
by Charles W. Peale after Rembrandt Peale
(Courtesy of the Independence National Historical Park)
Painting of Rep. Daniel Carroll
Rep. Daniel Carroll of Maryland
by John Wollaston
(Courtesy of the Maryland Historical Society)

In Congress, Madison persuaded the three congressmen representing districts on the upper Potomac River (Alexander White and Richard Bland Lee of Virginia and Daniel Carroll of Maryland) to switch their votes on assumption. In addition, George Gale, a resident of Maryland's eastern shore and a long time supporter of the Potomac, agreed to change his vote. In the Senate, Charles Carroll, whose twelve thousand acre estate bordered on the Potomac near Frederick, Maryland, also changed sides at Madison's request.

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