The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project is a university-chartered research center associated with the Department of History of The George Washington University

The George Washington University

The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project
1946

[photo:  ER at the United Nations, 1947]Pushes Truman to keep wage and price controls
 
Co-chairs committee to investigate race riot in Columbia, Tennessee
 
Refuses congressional pension
 
Convenes a meeting of all women delegates to the UN
 
Unanimously elected chair of UN Committee on Human, Social and Cultural Concerns (Committee Three) and of UN Committee on Economic and Social Concerns (ECOSOC) "nuclear committee" charged with developing permanent UN Commission on Human Rights
 
Visits refugee camps
 
Opposes Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech
 
Supports Baruch Plan on Atomic Energy
 
Debates Soviet delegate Andrei Vishinsky regarding refugee resettlement
 
Emerges as the world's foremost spokesperson for human rights
 
Writes "Why I Do Not Choose to Run," and "Human Rights and Human Freedom"

1947 [Image from ER's FBI Files]Chairs 18-nation UN Human Rights Commission charged with drafting a declaration of human rights
 
Spearheads the creation of Americans for Democratic Action
 
Refuses to accept NAACP petition to UN
 
Opposes Truman Doctrine for operating outside the UN
 
Supports Marshall Plan
 
Supports India which, under Gandhi's leadership, wins independence from Britain
 
Criticizes Truman for requiring loyalty oaths for government employees
 
Shifts from supporting trusteeship to endorsing separate Jewish state
 
Rebukes Henry Wallace and the Progressive Citizens of America
 
Writes "The Russians Are Tough," and "Should a Negro Boy Ask a White Girl to Dance?"
1948 [photo:  ER with Harry S Truman and Walter White, Washington DC, 1947]Delivers lecture,"The Struggles for the Rights of Man," at the Sorbonne
 
Opposes Mundt-Nixon Bill
 
Address NAACP annual convention from steps of Lincoln Memorial
 
War erupts in Palestine; threatens resigning from UN to pressure Truman to recognize Jewish homeland
 
Mao defeats Chiang Kai-Shek and China becomes a communist nation
 
Korean War begins
 
Disagrees with State Department policy toward Russia
 
Reluctantly endorses Truman for re-election
 
Presents Universal Declaration of Human Rights to General Assembly for adoption
 
Begins ABC radio program
 
Writes "Liberals in This Year of Decision.," "Plain Talk about Wallace," and "The Promise of Human Rights."
1949 [photo: ER with Larence Spivak and Martha Roundtree in 'Meet the Press']Debates Cardinal Spellman over federal aid to parochial schools
 
Appears on "Meet the Press"
 
Criticizes Taft-Hartley restrictions
 
Writes This I Remember, the second volume of her autobiography, and "Making Human Rights Come Alive."
1950 [photo: ER with Helen Gahagan Douglas]Opposes Dennis v. United States; supports free speech
 
Campaigns for Helen Gahagan Douglas in her unsuccessful Senate campaign against Richard Nixon
 
Begins NBC radio show
 
Refuses to appear as character witness for Alger Hiss, but is not convinced he is a spy
 
Writes (with Helen Ferris) Partners: The United Nations and Youth, and "If I Were a Republican Today."
1951 [Image from ER's FBI files]Opposes McCarthy; decries "politics of fear"
 
Leads US delegation to General Assembly meeting in Paris
 
Conducts weekly broadcast for "Voice of America" in French to the French (later also broadcasts in German, Spanish and Italian)
 
Writes "The Seven People Who Shaped My Life" and the foreword to Helen Keller's The Story of My Life
1952 ER in India, 1952Defends The Nation when McCarthyites threaten censorship
 
Criticizes Eisenhower for not defending George Marshall from attacks by McCarthy
 
Supports Stevenson in his presidential bid against Eisenhower
 
Addresses 1952 Democratic convention on the UN
 
Visits Lebanon, Syria and Jordan and meets with displaced Palestinians; travels to Israel and Pakistan; spends a month in India meeting with Nehru, then visits Nepal, Indonesia and the Phillippines to study democratic development in Asia
 
Heads US delegation to inauguration of Chilean President Carlos Ibanez; meets with Chilean protestors and rebels
 
Speaks to UN on political rights of women
 
Reluctantly resigns from the UN delegation after Eisenhower wins election
 
Writes the forewords to Beauty Behind Barbed Wire: The Arts of the Japanese in Our War Relocation Camps by Allen H. Eaton, A Fair World for All: The Meaning of the Declaration of Human Rights by Dorothy Canfield Fisher, and To Win These Rights: A Personal Story of the CIO in the South by Lucy Randolph Mason.
 
Writes the Introduction to The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank.