GWU/EPA BROWNFIELDS ECONOMIC REDEVELOPMENT COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

 

Cover

Executive Summary

Figures

Tables

1. Introduction
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Importance of the Study
1.2.1 Benefits to the local community
1.2.2 Benefits to the metropolitan area within which the community is located
1.2.3 Benefits to the nation
1.2.4 Benefits to the world

2. The Problem
2.1 Statement of the Problem
2.2 Subproblems
2.3 Component Questions and Research Rationale

3. Research Approach and Methodology
3.1 Background Research
3.2 Selection of the Study Areas
3.3 Review of Brownfields Redevelopment Activities
3.4 The Interview Process
3.4.1 Phase One Interviews
3.4.2 Phase Two Interviews
3.4.3 Interview Protocol
3.5 Internet-based Survey
3.6 Summary of Data Sources

4. Literature Review
4.1 Information Issues
4.2 Site Acquisition Issues
4.3 Financing Issues
4.4 Permitting Issues
4.5 Site Redevelopment Issues
4.6 Miscellaneous Issues

5. Subproblem 1: Brownfield/Greenfield Tradeoffs
5.1 An Example of Brownfield/Greenfield Offsets
5.1.1 Greenfield Area One
5.1.2 Greenfield Area Two
5.1.3 Greenfield Area Three
5.1.4 Greenfield Area Four
5.1.5 Discussion of the Example
5.2 Calculation of Brownfield/Greenfield Offsets
5.2.1 Assumptions Regarding Setback Requirements
5.2.2 Assumptions Regarding Parking Requirements
5.2.3 Assumptions Regarding Density Requirements
5.2.4 Assumptions Regarding Height Requirements
5.2.5 Assumptions Regarding Buffer Zones and Landscaping
5.3 Areal Differentials by Land Use Category

6. Subproblem 2: Induced Benefits
6.1 Background
6.2 Summary of Previous Work
6.3 Benefit-Based Priority Setting

7. Subproblems 3 and 4: Impediments and Incentives to the Redevelopment of Brownfields
7.1 Issues of Special Concern
7.1.1 A "Market Mismatch"
7.1.2 Crime
7.1.3 Intergovernmental Competition
7.1.4 Assembly of Parcels of Land and Clearing of Title
7.1.5 Leadership Issues
7.2 Information Issues
7.2.1 Available Information: General
7.2.2 Available Information: Site-specific
7.3 Site Acquisition Issues
7.3.1 Sites to Acquire
7.3.2 The Value of Property
7.3.3 Purchaser Liability
7.4 Financing Issues
7.4.1 Tax Incentives
7.4.2 Financial Assistance
7.4.3 Lender Liability
7.4.4 Availability of Insurance
7.5 Permitting Issues
7.5.1 Existing Permit Requirements
7.5.2 New Permit Requirements
7.5.3 Remediation Requirements
7.5.4 Inconsistent Requirements
7.5.5 Regulatory Flexibility
7.6 Site Redevelopment Issues
7.6.1 Availability of Expertise
7.6.2 Inadequate or Antiquated Infrastructure
7.6.3 Limited Demand
7.6.4 Workforce Issues
7.7 Miscellaneous Issues
7.7.1 Housing Issues
7.7.2 Education Issues
7.7.3 Health Care Issues
7.7.4 Public Opposition
7.7.5 Governmental Corruption
7.7.6 Federal Agency Policies
7.7.7 Relocation Preferences

8. Summary and Conclusions
8.1 Areal Differentials
8.2 Internet-based Survey
8.3 Considerations Regarding Alternative Tracts
8.4 Critical Factors Affecting Redevelopment Decisions
8.5 Statutory and Regulatory Barriers
8.6 Statutory and Regulatory Incentives

Bibliography

Appendices
A. Individuals interviewed
B. Study areas
1. The Baltimore, Maryland Study Area
2. The Burlington, Vermont Study Area
3. The Charlotte, North Carolina Study Area
4. The Cleveland, Ohio Study Area
5. The Detroit, Michigan Study Area
6. The Houston, Texas Study Area
7. The Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area
8. The Richmond, Virginia Study Area
9. The Sacramento, California Study Area
10. The St. Louis, Missouri Study Area
C. Phase one interview form
D. Sample tract illustrations
E. Internet-based survey contacts
F. Site-specific analyses
1. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 1
2. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 2
3. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 3
4. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 4
5. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 5
6. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 6
7. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 7
8. Baltimore, Maryland Study Area: BAL - 8
9. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 1
10. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 2
11. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 3
12. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 4
13. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 5
14. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 6
15. Burlington, Vermont Study Area: BUR - 7
16. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 1
17. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 2
18. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 3
19. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 4
20. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 5
21. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 6
22. Lowell, Massachusetts Study Area: LOW - 7
23. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 1
24. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 2
25. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 3
26. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 4
27. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 5
28. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 6
29. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 7
30. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 8
31. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 9
32. Richmond, Virginia Study Area: RCH - 10
33. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 1
34. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 2
35. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 3
36. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 4
37. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 5
38. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 6
39. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 7
40. Sacramento, California Study Area: SAC - 8
41. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 1
42. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 2
43. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 3
44. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 4
45. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 5
46. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 6
47. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 7
48. St. Louis, Missouri Study Area: STL - 8