Public Policies and Private Decisions Affecting the Redevelopment of Brownfields: An Analysis of Critical Factors, Relative Weights and Areal Differentials

Appendix C

Phase One Interview Form
(Revision 3 - 28 September 1998)

NOTE: OBTAIN SIGNATURE ON CONSENT FORM; PRIVACY OF RESPONSES; MAY BE SENT A SURVEY IN THE NEAR FUTURE REGARDING BROWNFIELDS ECONOMIC REDEVELOPMENT; WILL BE INFORMED OF PUBLICATION OF FINAL REPORT (LIKELY TO BE POSTED ON THE GWU WEB SITE)

1. Name:

2. Company/Position:*

3. Address:*

 

4. Business phone (voice):*

5. Business phone (telefax):*

6. E-mail address:*

7. Date:

8. Background on the project:

The Brownfields Economic Redevelopment Initiative focuses on the relationship between the redevelopment of brownfields and the development of greenfields in ten Pilot Program metropolitan areas. One component of the Initiative is to conduct a focused policy audit. The purpose of this audit is to determine specific, "real world" factors that influence decisions regarding either the redevelopment of brownfields or the development of greenfields. In essence, we would like to determine the actual bases for specific development/redevelopment decisions.

A related component is to determine the extent to which the redevelopment of brownfields reduces developmental pressures on greenfields.

______

* Include if not already in file.

 

QUESTIONS FOR INDIVIDUALS NOT DIRECTLY INVOLVED IN A BROWNFIELDS REDEVELOPMENT OF GREENFIELDS DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

1. Based on your expertise:

What factors most influence the redevelopment of brownfields?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What factors most influence the development of greenfields?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Iím going to review a number of factors suggested by others that may influence decisions regarding the redevelopment of brownfields or the development of greenfields. Based on your expertise, do these factors influence such redevelopment/development decisions?

A. General:

i. absence of information regarding available properties (what brownfields are available for redevelopment):

 

 

ii. absence of site-specific information (preliminary assessments):

 

 

 

B. Site acquisition:

i. difficulty in valuing property (or in agreeing on price):

 

 

 

 

ii. potential owner liability (liability "ambiguity"):

 

 

 

C. Financing:

i. potential lender liability (lender hesitance due to liability ambiguity"):

 

 

 

 

ii. uncertainty regarding state limits on lender liability:

 

 

iii. uncertainty regarding federal limits on lender liability:

 

 

 

 

iv. inability to obtain needed insurance:

 

 

 

 

v. need for full deductibility of environmental remediation costs:

 

 

 

 

vi. need for other types of tax incentives:

 

 

 

D. Permitting:

i. uncertainty regarding permit requirements (what permits? from whom?)

 

 

 

ii. uncertainty regarding the possibility that remediation requirements would be incorporated into the permits

 

 

 

iii. inconsistent federal, state and local permitting requirements:

 

 

 

 

iv. multiple federal, state and local permits:

 

 

 

v. "entrenched attitudes" among regulators (need for flexibility?):

 

 

 

E. Site redevelopment:

i. lack of available expertise (consultants, laboratories, contractors):

 

 

 

 

ii. inadequate or antiquated infrastructure:

 

 

 

F. Other issues:

i. limited public demand for redeveloped properties:

 

 

 

 

ii. lack of trained workforce in redevelopment areas:

 

 

 

 

iii. inadequate housing for employees:

 

 

iv. inadequate health services for employees:

 

 

 

 

v. public opposition:

 

 

 

 

vi. urban crime:

 

 

 

 

vii. governmental fragmentation or competition:

 

 

 

 

viii. anything else:

 

 

 

3. It has been argued that the redevelopment of brownfields will reduce developmental pressures on greenfields. Do you have any feel for how many acres of greenfields have been (or could be) saved through brownfields redevelopment?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. Who else should we contact?

A. successful redevelopers of brownfields

B. anyone who gave serious consideration to a specific brownfields redevelopment project and subsequently abandoned the project: