Phylogenetic Systematics (Bisc 210)
Number of Credits: 4
Level of instruction: graduate
Introduction to systematics. History of Modern Systematics.
Cladistics. Grouping by synapomorphy. Wagner trees.
Descriptive statistics for cladograms.
Optimality criteria and optimization
Searching for most parsimonious trees
Character definition and analysis.
Missing entries in data matrices.
Multiple equally parsimonious trees. Consensus techniques.
Taxa and taxon sampling
Monophyly and related concepts.
Molecular systematics. Distance methods in molecular systematics. Maximum likelihood methods in molecular systematics.
Statistical reliability of phylogeny estimates
Character congruence or total evidence.
Ontogeny and phylogeny.
Classifications. Biological nomenclature. Documenting biodiversity.
Systematics and the fossil record.
Phylogenies and the comparative method.
Biogeography and coevolution.
Hybrids, homobionts, and reticulate evolution.
Lab 1. Character by taxon matrix editors: Winclada, MacClade, and Nexus Data Editor.
Lab 2. Phylogenetic Analysis Software: Nona, Hennig86, and PAUP.
Lab 3. Exploring and presenting the results of phylogenetic analysis.