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University Writing and Research Symposium
The George Washington University
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Spring 2008
PROGRAM SCHEDULE

Thursday, April 10 through Friday, April 11

The George Washington University
Mount Vernon Campus


Thursday Sessions

Friday Sessions
1
10:00-11:15 6
10:00-11:15
2
11:30-12:45 7
11:30-12:45
3
1:00-2:15
8
1:00-2:15
4
2:30-3:45
9
2:30-3:45
5
4:00-5:15
10
4:00-5:15

KEYNOTE SESSION: Student Public Writing. Featuring two former UW20 students, Andy Noel and Michelle Freeman who have found ways to take their research and writing public. Thursday, April 10, 5:45-7:00 p.m., Gelman Library, First Floor Student Art Space.

An opening reception will be held both Thursday and Friday morning at 9:30 in Post Hall.  An awards ceremony honoring the winner of the Spring 2008 Symposium poster design contest will be held in P.ost Hall at 9:50 on Thursday morning.



THURSDAY
APRIL 10




Thursday, April 10, 10:00-11:15
SESSION ONE

Session 1A, Post Hall: Class-Conscious Performance
Session 1B, Eckles Auditorium: Moral Clarity?



Thursday, April 10, 10:00-11:15
SESSION 1A

Post Hall

MONOLOGUES: Class-Conscious Performance

PRESENTERS: Samantha Sparks, Faridat Arogundade, David Braun, Carl Bruce, Lindsay Campbell, Chirine Detroyes, Brett Gall, Donna Hamill, Donald T. Insley, Kim Kocian, Xuyin Liu, Chen-Fan Lo, Sarah Will

MODERATOR: Deborah B. Gaspar, Instruction and Collection Development Librarian, GW
dgaspar@gwu.edu

Contemplation of a Working Class
Samantha Sparks
ssparks@gwu.edu

Our UW20 class (section 10) has spent the semester evaluating historical documents and stories that relate to class and social conflict. In this performance piece, we hope to educate the public about the aspects that shape class, such as educations, occupations, culture, physical characteristics, and especially income. We take on the roles of characters ranging from a Costa Rican factory worker to a handicapped woman living in the Appalachian mountain range. Our performance is creative, but contains historical data on conditions such as the rise of Marxism in Europe and the Great Depression which delivered tragedy to a large portion of the American working class. We will perform the common socio-economic dispositions that have shaken many countries in the past.

Ma
Faridat Arogundade
farogund@gwu.edu

A young male dealing with growing up as a child in a low income family, faced with the pressures of dealing with a society and a community that tries to make him a statistic, and going to a private school where his class and his inferiority and his lack of money is a reality he can never escape.

I Am a Machine
David Braun
dbraun89@gwu.edu

A teenager working at McDonalds describes his machine type of work and how freedom does not exist, peformed with robotic actions that display the uniqueness of his work and visually expresses the real McDonalds.

Baseballs for Millionaires
Carl Bruce
Cbruce@gwu.edu

In a a Rawlings baseball factory in Costa Rica, and in a desperate attempt to satisfy her son's single birthday wish, one of the workers pockets one of the baseballs she has made in the factory. When she is caught by her watchful supervisor, she frantically attempts to justify her actions by educing sympathy from her threatening boss. Her story exposes the coonditions under which she works and the measly purchasing power of her pitiful salary.

My Voice
Lindsay Campbell
Lhope@gwu.edu

My project is about the youth vote and how it has increased because of Barack Obama. I find this to be extremely relevant because it is about what is going on now and it affects everyone listening to my project. Most of the audience will be able to relate to what I am saying through the voice of a character I found and researched. Even those that are not involved or interested in the Presidential campaign will find it interesting because I used to be one of those people. It will make people think about why they believe the things they do, and why they are drawn to some people more than others. It will challenge the audience to think about what is important to them and the country.

Discrimination
Chirine Detroyes
chirined@gwu.edu

An Iranian man travelling to the Unitied States who goes through a lot of trouble and humiliation. He wants to be treated fairly and not considered a terrorist just because he is from the Middle East.

The Man on the Moon
Brett Gall
bgall@gwu.edu

Neil Armstrong and his views on his lunar landing and on what being the first person on the moon is like in the modern era.

Reebok and Adidas and their Overseas Factories
Donna Hamill
dchamill@gwu.edu

Doug Cahn is a real person and was, before the merging of Reebok and Adidas, the Head of Human Rights in charge of ensuring the standards and guidelines were being enforced in their overseas factories, more commonly known to the public as "sweatshops." My father works for Reebok and, due to this connection, I was lucky enough to be able to intern at one of these "sweatshops" in Dong Guan. Dong Guan is a city in southern provice of China called Guangdong. Also in one of the classes I took my Senior year in high school, I was assigned to read an article that directly discussed -- and bashed -- one of Reebok's factories in India.

From the Gray
Jacqueline L. Heinrich
Jacqui_h@gwu.edu

A man afflicted with psychopathy explores the darkness in which the mentally ill live and their connection (or lack thereof) with the rest of "normal" society. In a division of the medical field where so much is left to the unknown due to the inability to measure the intangible, criminal psychopaths are left in limbo in a system of judgment that is based off of approximations, assumptions, and outdated research. This man, a released stalker, reflects on his experience in the court system and his present juxtaposition with the world in which he must live with his stigma.

D.A.R.E.: The Failing Solution
Donald T. Insley
dinsley@gwu.edu

A D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) officer in the third grade reveals, in caricature, the contradiction of federal funding and sponsorship for a program on which, in general, social scientists agree fails to make either a temporary or a lasting impact (certainly my peers proudly attest to its failure as they didn't say "just say no"), juxtaposed with a number of other drug abuse related initiatives.

Punk Rock Jack
Kim Kocian
Kakocian@gwu.edu

A young punk-rocker named Jack engages his friends in a short monologue about his ideology and stuggles with a blue collar background. He tells of wanting to make a change but not knowing how, a common problem for teenagers.

Homeless Mothers with their Children
Xuyin Liu
xuyinliu@gwu.edu

My research talks about the homeless mothers and their children. It will focus on three aspects. First, the differece between the homess mothers and other homeless people. The causes of homelessness, are slightly different, usually due to a broken relationship with a man and a disrution in their origional family life. Besides, homess mothers face some problems that other homeless people will not meet, such as how to deal with the relationshipwith their children, how to providechildren a good education environmentas normal families do and so on. Second, the difference between the homeless children and housed children, including their academic performance, their relationships with others and their mental and psychological conditions. Also, I will discuss whether those homess children can be successful in their lives. Third, I will focus on how out society to help those single parents (mothers) to rebuild their lives and to regain their strengths. How social welfare and social workers make a function?

A Japanese Girl's Voice
Chen-Fan Lo
rilakuma@gwu.edu

A Japanese girl's manga conveys a perspective on gender roles and makes effects upon Japanese girls' thinking. There are many themes in Japanese girls' manga, and some of them show somewhat distinctive thoughts or ideas, which may be a kind of dissatisfaction with the society. Besides, gender stereotypes have appeared very often in Japanese girsl' manga, though they seem fewer today. Consequently, I will use the monologue to show a Japanese girl's thought on Japanese girl's manga.

Not What Happened on CSI
Sarah Will
swill@gwu.edu

Due to the increasing interest in crime shows, the public has obtained this belief that they now know everything there is to know about the crime system. While these crime shows do relate to some parts of the real crime system, they truly give the audience the wrong idea. This presentation will inform the audiance about the reality of a crime system and will attempt to challenge and change the false ideas that crime shows have given to so many people.


Thursday, April 10, 10:00-11:15
SESSION 1B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Moral Clarity?

PRESENTERS: Alex Reustle, Caitlin O'Donnell, Dagny Leonard

MODERATOR: Emily Anderson, Sophomore, English and Theatre, GW
emska19@gwu.edu

The Philosophy and Morality of Superheroes in Modern Graphic Novels and Literature
Alex Reustle
Alex_r@gwu.edu

In the past 20 years, comic book Superheroes have stopped being cliche, one-dimensional characters who lived and acted in worlds of moral absolutes. Modern comic book writers have made their characters face moral dilemmas and uncertainty about whether or not they were truly doing the right thing. The dilemmas are often between two horrific choices that the protagonist must make and the results of which are often tragic. This paper proposes to examine these choices, how they are addressed, what their outcomes are, and how they affect the Superheroes who make them, in both the process of deciding and dealing with the consequences. It will study the nature of ethical delemmas in this medium and attempt to answer the question of whether or not there ever truly is a right answer to any decision, and what evil really is.

Virgins for Life? The Double Standard of American Sexuality Education
Caitlin O'Donnell
caitodee@gwu.edu

Sexuality educaiton in public schools has always been a controversial issue present in society. Through research in the methodology and perspectives on this issue, it is clear that the public places responsibility on the female population to abstain from sex until marriage. "Sex Ed" classes and clubs, in which members pledge to abstain, focus on the women, not the men. This paper will identify the ways in which current government funded abstinence-only sexuality education is neglecting feminist movements for equality and proper, fair, public education, in general. Women in current society are caught in a predicament of sexuality.

Atheism and the Concept of God
Dagny Leonard
dagny@gwu.edu

In his humanist manifesto, The Essence of Christianity, Ludwig Feuerbach anticipates being charged with "atheism." In his defense, he gives a very interesting definition of Feuerbach's and Hegel's repective interpretations of God, which is quite different from the general definition. By taking a closer look at Feuerbach's and Hegel's respective interpretations of God, we can better understand their individual definitions of atheism. This paper further explores the idea that atheism can be defined in many different ways, and that these definitions are connected to one's conception of God.



Thursday, April 10, 11:30-12:45
SESSION TWO

Session 2A, Post Hall: Student Lecture Series
Session 2B, Eckles Auditorium: U Are Here -- Life at GW
Session 2C, Ames Pub: Fragmented Seeing and Divided Being



Thursday, April 10, 11:30-12:45
SESSION 2A

Post Hall

FEATURED EVENT: Student Lecture Series

PRESENTER: Latifa El Mouhandiz

RESPONDENT: Phil Troutman, University Writing Program, GW
trout@gwu.edu

MODERATOR: Christy J. Zink, University Writing Program, GW
czink@gwu.edu

The Formation of Identity through the Kennedy Assassination
Latifa El Mouhandiz
latifa89@gwu.edu

Conspiracy theory can be studied on a societal level; such that it can help in better understand the groups within which it spreads. The assassination of John F Kennedy was the event in this country’s history which caused the most speculation concerning a conspiracy theory, the variations are innumerable and they encompass almost any form of ‘evil’ possible. The JFK assassination occurred in a time very significant to the formation of values and culture, JFK was more than a president, he was a symbol of hope and youth for a country in dire need of it. For someone in modern day, conspiracy theory can act as a bridge between today and a time which we didn’t live through but we are still nostalgic about, an idealistic time where people felt they could still make a difference. He represents the alternative to the current conservative administration, and theorists feel like they can bring back these hopes and correct the mistakes made. As a result the conspiracy theorist, finds himself submerged in a world where he plays the central character in protecting these new American values against the evil conspirators.

Ever since the assassination of Kennedy, conspiracy theory has become a growing aspect of American life. Conspiracy thinking has become such a predominant paradigm that it has become its own subculture. Analyzing conspiracy theory as a cultural aspect of society allows us to see how it defines and shapes the values within the society. Through conspiracy theory, people are able to retrieve values and hopes lost through the assassination and use them in the formation of a new American identity.



Thursday, April 10, 11:30-12:45
SESSION 2B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: U Are Here -- Life at GW

PRESENTERS: Karissa Lake, Andrew Laskar, and David Mathis; Neresa De Biasi; Katherine Hayes, Mallika Murali, and Martin Tovar

MODERATOR: Michael J. Chartier, Sophomore in Political Science, GW
mchart1@gwu.edu

When Breakfast Fails: The Inquiry of Three Underclassmen and Their Approaches to the Morning Meal
Karissa Lake, Andrew Laskar, David Mathis
klake@gwu.edu

There are many of us who skip breakfast as we rush through the day. Lunch and dinner have their places in our hearts as consistent daily social meetings, and so the dreary mornings that pass by in a blurred moment leave our bodies to run on empty. As three underclassmen at GW, we have undergone self-analyses to discover the significance of the morning meal in our lives, or the lack thereof. Our research is meant to open the door of knowledge and uncover the possibilities behind the mroning meal and all its glorious benefits in our daily lives.

Academic Ingenuity in an Age of Cloning
Neresa De Biasi
ndebiasi@gwu.edu

In a world where sheep, vegetables, and human cells are being cloned, what keeps the human mind from being susceptible to identical thought processes? In a society that hypes uniform standardized tests at every level of education, it is not surprising that education at the university level is seen as undergoing an "educational cloning" to become increasingly standardized. Through interviews with current faculty, staff, and students at the George Washington University, this project will aim to define the current perception of a quality learning expereince and the current state of affairs, specifically in the Columbian College of Arts & Sciences and in the University Writing program itself.

Immigrant Street Vendors: The Story Behind the Counter
Katherine Hayes, Mallika Murali, Martin Tovar
khayes@gwu.edu

Immigrant food vendors come from many different cultures and backgrounds. Despite these differences, they show similarities in the ways that they relate to food. Though they sell processed American foods on their stands, the foods they prepare at home keep their culture alive to pass on to the following generations. At a time when America's own food identity is questioned, we should learn and appreciate the hardships food vendors experience to maintain their own food identities while assimilating to American culture. Using an ethnographic approach, we will expose GW's own hidden food-vending community and the traditions and culture that shape these food-vendors and their way of life.



Thursday, April 10, 11:30-12:45
SESSION 2C

Ames Pub

PANEL: Fragmented Seeing and Divided Being

PRESENTERS: Nikesh Patel, Sophia Niazi, Claire Wiener

MODERATOR: Jennifer Nutefall, Instructional Coordinator, Gelman, GW
jnutefal@gwu.edu

Institutionalized: Life in a Social Panopticon
Nikesh Patel
pateln@gwu.edu

Using Michel Foucault's theory of panopticism and the films of Japanese director Shinya Tsukamoto, this presentation dissects the implications of cultural voyeurism in modern society. Paralleling Jeremy Bentham's hypothetical surveillance-based prison, the Panopticon, with popular culture developments such as social networking and reality TV, the crisis of individual control in a voyeuristic society is highlighted. Through the lens of the film A Snake of June, this presentation argues that although the newly emerging force of cultural exhibitionism solves the problem of control in our society, the current state of human communication and experience remains disturbingly flawed.

How American Horror Films Manifest National Crises
Sophia Niazi
skniazi@gwu.edu

This presentation examines how horror films of certain eras are reflective of national crises that have occurred in the history of the United States. By analyzing movies made during major events in U.S. history, such as the Cold War, the Vietnam War, and 9/11, and by looking at the monsters these movies employ, it will be proven that the horror film genre is more than gratuitous violence and indeed refelects the collective fears of a nation. The movies analyzed include Them!, Night of the Living Dead, and Cabin Fever.

Love in Postmodern Cinema: The Dmystification of Romantic Stereotypes
Claire Wiener
Clairew@gwu.edu

Postmodernist romantic films challenge the structure of traditional love stories and relationships, proving to us something we already know: that love is sometimes complicated, sometimes dark, and sometimes unnatural. And in this way, postmodern film has replaced romantic myths with three important truths: that romance is fragmented, not progressive; that relationships can last without a clear resolution or categorization; and that love can not only endure hardship and sin, but thrive upon it.



Thursday, April 10, 1:00-2:15
SESSION THREE

Session 3A, Post Hall: The Subject of Faith
Session 3B, Eckles Auditorium: Knowing the System: Convergence, Consilience, and Conspiracy
Session 3C, Academic 122: The Calculus of Equal Rights: Parallels and Intersections
Session 3D, Academic 127: D.C. United? Race and Public Health in the District



Thursday, April 10, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 3A

Post Hall

PANEL: The Subject of Faith

PRESENTERS: Kelly Zentgraf, Elisabet Erickson, Bhaskar Sunkara

MODERATOR: Zach Hindin, Interdisciplinary Major in International Affairs, Religion and Philosophy, GW; Executive Board, Banaa: The Sudan Educational Empowerment Network
zhindin@gmail.com

Alienation and Self-Consciousness: The Intersection of Feuerbach and Freud
Kelly Zentgraf
kzen@gwu.edu

In The Essence of Christianity, Ludwig Feuerbach espouses a "projectionist" view of religion, wherein believers alienate themselves from their true nature by transferring their best qualities to God. He asserts that humans can only attain self-consciousness through the devolution of religion and the rightful reclaiming of those qualitites. In this paper, I explore the effects of this philosophy on Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theories, most notably his conceptions of the "conscious" and "unconscious." I explore both Freud's indebetedness to Feuerbach's philoophy of "projection," "alienation," and "self-consciousness," as well as his ingenuity in using them to form the groundbreaking field of psychoanalysis.

Magdalene Christianity
Elisabet Erickson
emericks@gwu.edu

This study concerns a conspiracy theory about the suppression of the historical figure of Mary Magdalene. This conspiracy theory reveals an ongoing debate about the spiritual, political, and clerical place of 21st-century women in the Catholic Church, when considered in light of the imperatives of the people circulating it. This research has far-reaching implications for people of all denominations, whether they practice a religion or not. The Church suppressed Mary Magdalene in favor of the purity of the Virgin Mary. Thus, Mary Magdalene represents the suppression of our human failings because a society does not accept these flaws.

Every Man a King
Bhaskar Sunkara
bsunkara@gwu.edu

This paper critiques Soviet-style police states as a misguided attempt at "top-down" socialism and attempts to re-examine the works of Marx and other socialist thinkers, like early feminist Rosa Luxemburg, in order to prove that Marxism in the true spirit of Marx is intrinsically humanitarian and a celebration of the creative potentials of the individual. Only through an extension of democracy to the economic spheres of life can we liberate the individual from wage-slavery and empower communities. The paper focuses on Marx's early works pertaining to thoughts about the "alienation of labor."



Thursday, April 10, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 3B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Knowing the System: Convergence, Consilience, and Conspiracy

PRESENTERS: Ilana Malekan, Michael Masucci

MODERATOR: Frank Stearns, Laboratory Coordinator, Department of Chemistry, GW
frank_stearns@hotmail.com

Consilience and Biophilia as Motive to Save Marine Ecosystems from the Consequences of Global Warming
Ilana Malekan
imalekan@gwu.edu

Increased sea temperatures have contributed to coral bleaching and biodiversity loss. Why isn't there greater concern for the destruction of marine environments? Edward O. Wilson theorized that consilience--the converging of academic disciplines with the natural sciences--would create a more pragmatic, objective way to reasoning. Applying consilience to society's approach in dealing with global warmning can be advantageous in creating change. Wilson's concept of biophilia also provides incentive for helping our environment: an innate love of nature should compel humans to sustain life. Wilson's theories provide both logical and emotional reaons for preserving our coral reefs.

Conspiracy Theory and the Third Culture
Michael Masucci
mikemas@gwu.edu

Conspiracy culture has grown at an alarming rate in recent years. Examing the origin of this growth proves to be difficult; sociologists, historians, and philosophers look at the development of conspiracy culture on a timeline, influenced by various socioeconomic factors, while scientists analyze the empirical, observable evidence that may sway one toward belief in conspiracy. However, each remains distinctly separate, uncooperative, and unable to understand conspiracy theory in its entirety. The "Third Culture," a union between the humanities and sciences, coined by C. P. Snow, is required to comprehend the full extent of conspiracy culture's implications.



Thursday, April 10, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 3C

ACAD 122

PANEL: The Calculus of Equal Rights: Parallels and Intersections

PRESENTERS: Natasha Murtaza, Adam Mickley, Serena Wong

MODERATOR: Sonia Lee, Senior, Sociology, GW
sonialee@gwu.edu

Islamic Feminism
Natasha Murtaza
nmurtaza@gwu.edu

Muslim women are taking part in Islamic revival movements voluntarily and in large numbers. These women are using their agency to support a cause that seeks to ultimately limit their rights in society. Traditional feminist doctrine would reject such actions and call for a fight for equality of the sexes. Who are the real feminists: the women who strive for what they want or the ones who fight for equality? The dilemma over contradictory principles of equality for all and the power of choice is researched in this paper as a primary problem faced by 21st-century global feminism.

The Power of Local Action in the Homosexual Equal Rights Social Movement
Adam Mickley
amickley@gwu.edu

The quest for equality for homosexuals has faced many roadblocks. Proponents of gay rights often point to the proposed Equal Rights Amendment and other efforts toward fundamental rights as reasons giving precedent for why homosexuals should be equal in the eyes of the law. They point to the equal rights movement engaged in by African Americans as a recent historic parallel to their own quest for equality. This paper's analysis will focus primarily on parallels with the equal rights movements of the past as a indicator of for success. The analysis will also provide valuable future positions that homosexual activists can take locally, nationally, and without government support in order to be successful.

Women as Landowners: Land Right as a Crucial Element of Development
Serena Wong
Sslwong8@gwu.edu

While issues such as women's reproductive rights and gender discrimination captivate much of the public's attention, one crucial but overlooked issue of economic development is the right of women to own land. This paper will evaluate the effectiveness of land ownership and its political, economic, and social implications for women in developing countries. Specifically, I will survey the secondary research in journals and conduct interviews to analyze how this right alters the culture, status, rights, resources, goals, and arenas of action of rural women, thereby reinforcing or altering gendered constructs. Finally, this paper will examine the role of property empowerment in furthering policy and institutional changes.



Thursday, April 10, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 3D

ACAD 127

PANEL: D.C. United? Race and Public Health in the District

PRESENTERS: Jenna Winer; Anne Malknecht, Lindsay Miller, and Christopher Pappas

MODERATOR: Phyllis Palmer, Professor of American Studies and Women's Studies
ppalmer@gwu.edu

Environmental Racism: The Uphill Battle for Justice
Jenna Winer
jrwiner@gwu.edu

In everyday life, one comes across racial, social, ethnic, religious, and gender inequalities, yet many are ignorant when it comes to environmental injustice. As environmentalism continues to gain popularity, it is crucial to be aware of environmental racism. From the power plants placed in mainly African American neighborhoods, to the difficulties members of non-white races find in reaching authoritative positions within environmental organizations, environmental injustice is both broad-based yet continually overlooked. Indeed, right here in the District, Ward 7 is currently locked in a fight for equality in standing against several polluting sites. This paper discusses the many facets of environmental justice and suggests how communities can work to overcome injustice.

AIDS Where the Decisions Are Made: A Look at the Epidemic Facing Washington, D.C.
Anne Malknecht, Lindsay Miller, Christopher Pappas
cpappas@gwu.edu

It is a widely discussed fact that 1 in 20 people living in Washington, D.C. are infected with HIV/AIDS. Our paper scrutinizes that statistic in an effort to better understand which neighborhoods and communities to which the statistic applies. More importantly, we are interested in the HIV/AIDS media campaign: who it targets, the messages it conveys, and how it more effectively could reach out to the D.C. community. The African American community of D.C. has been the most affected but also the most ignored segment of the population, and our paper looks to propose better methods of prevention rather than treatment.


Thursday, April 10, 2:30-3:45
SESSION FOUR

Session 4A, Post Hall: Youth Culture and Generational Divides
Session 4B, Eckles Auditorium: The Means of Production
Session 4C, Ames Pub: Notes on Culture: or, Things Ain't What They Used to Be



Thursday, April 10, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 4A

Post Hall

PANEL: Youth Culture and Generational Divides

PRESENTERS: Isabella Mroczkowski, Jasmine Maze, Molly Stark

MODERATOR: Todd Ramlow, Faculty in Residence, Women's Studies Program, Department of English, GW
tramlow@gwu.edu

Challenges of Acculturation in Children of Mexican Immigrants
Isabella Mroczkowski
imrocz@gwu.edu

Currently, one in five children in the United States has parents who are immigrants. Such youth live in two worlds: the realm of their parents' culture, and the realm of their host society. In looking at the children of Mexican immigrants, the largest immigrant group in the U.S., this paper works toward answering the following questions. How do these children respond to this duality and diversity? Do they face particular challenges, and if so, what are they? How do these children identify themselves and what shapes their identities? With 20 percent of our youth coming from different backgrounds, it is important to know of any challenges they face; for not only do these challenges reveal the long-term consequences of immigration, but they are also the key to the future of American society.

Coming Out of the Broom Closet: Harry Potter, the Deliverer from the Church?
Jasmine Maze
Mazej@gwu.edu

This paper considers the Wicca/Harry Potter conspiracy theory in order to learn and investigate the teenage response to Harry Potter conspiracy accusations. My work contributes to the field of conspiracy theory studies by showing how teenagers might possibly use their die-hard interest in the J. K. Rowling series of novels to show, also, how they feel about conservative Christians and religious institutions. Why has the Harry Potter series been the recipient of so much controversy when it is not the first of its kind (for example, Jane Yolen's Wizard's Hall had been published earlier)? Is the controversy evidence of a growing world obsession with witchcract, leading conservatives to speak up? Or are they trying to maintain control over a radical generation?

The Facebook Phenomenon
Molly Stark
mstarke@gwu.edu

Nothing is more pervasive in college culture today than Facebook. Nearly everyone has a Facebook and checks it daily. Facebook has become the sixth most popular web site on the internet and has 64 million active users--most of whom are the high school, college, or graduate school students who make up Generation Y. The semi-compulsive use of Facebook by these members of Generation Y has caused controversy between generations on moral grounds, but also on legal grounds. As long as Facebook has been prevalent, it has been shrouded with controversy. I would like to investigate the moral, physical, and legal impact of Facebook on today's society from the perspectives of both Generation Y and its older counterparts.



Thursday, April 10, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 4B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: The Means of Production

PRESENTERS: Naomi Zuckerman, John D'elia, and Jayme Laytner; Colleen Dolan; Krista Bacungan, Ernestine Daley, and Sophie Chung

MODERATOR: Laura P. Eisen, Coordinator, Women in Science and Medicine Program, Department of Chemistry, GW
eisenl@gwu.edu

Homeless and the Media
Naomi Zuckerman, John D'elia, Jayme Laytner
Nmzuck@gwu.edu

Homeless media forms are a way for the underdog to re-establish their place as members of the larger society, using the same media that have enabled their detrimental separation in the first place. Our paper will discuss mass media's coverage of the homeless, and its positive and negative effects. It will then introduce current "homeless" media forms (street papers) to discuss the effects they have on the homeless community and general society, and to compare homeless media to factors which help or hurt the homeless crisis. Homeless media is a way to bridge the gap between the homeless and the larger society that might one way lead to a lasting solution for the homeless crisis.

Homeless and Hopeless: Outcasts of Society and What We're Doing to Help
Colleen Dolan
CDolan@gwu.edu

This paper is an in-depth analysis of the homeless community in Washington, D.C. and its removal from society. It analyzes what is being done by community partners like Street Sense and their true goals in dealing with the homeless. How does communication happen? How is it that homelessness is (ironically) a life lived in public yet entirely removed from any public interaction? What are the effects of this on the homeless? Psychological? What is it that they want from the public? I will consider the rally to keep open the Franklin Shelter as an example of the homeless trying to get involved in civic discourse. In addition, I use democratic theory and history to explain both the goings-on of the city--why the homeless are being ignored--as well as what the homeless, theoretically, should be receiving from the city: opportunity.

One Laptop per Child: Globalized Learning
Krista Bacungan, Ernestine Daley, Sophie Chung
kb071989@gwu.edu

This paper examines the One Laptop per Child (OLPC) program and its effectiveness in educating children in the developing world through technology as a response to globalization. With globalization viewed simultaneously as threat and advancement, revitalizing education using Western technology raises inevitable red flags. The paper highlights the subjects of culture, the economy, and philanthropy as they relate to the developing world's views on globalization. While presenting the benefits of OLPC, this paper also addresses debates surrounding the necessity, effectiveness, and possible consequences of such a large scale endeavor.



Thursday, April 10, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 4C

Ames Pub

PANEL: Notes on Culture: or, Things Ain't What They Used to Be

PRESENTERS: Farah Benallal, Gillian Williams, and Mariel Levy; Justin Guiffré; Ben Kurland

MODERATOR: Nicholas Deifel, Chemistry Department, GW
deifeln@gwu.edu

The Harlem Renaissance and Its Effect on Modern Pop Culture
Farah Benallal, Gillian Williams, Mariel Levy
farahsb@gwu.edu

The Harlem Renaissance was an important movement that paved the way for modern day pop culture, and specifically the music industry. Many elements of the Harlem Renaissance, such as promiscuity and drugs, gave way to the style and culture that was developed then and, consequently, now. This paper will strive to make a clear and direct connection between the Harlem Renaissance and modern day pop culture. The research we have performed and which we will present has put to light how much history affects present day culture and what an impact legends such as Duke Ellington had on the music being created  today.

Murderous Marketplace: Consumer Culture's Connections to Inequality and Violence
Justin Guiffré
jguiffre@gwu.edu

There is no stronger predictor of the rate of violence is a society than the extent of its inequality. The inherent costs of this violence, both explicit (such as medical costs) and implicit (such as work force loss), contributes to further stratification. One of the major proponents of violence in modern times is the "glorious outlaw" figure that is prominent in consumer culture. The purpose of this paper is to explore the connection between the free capitalist marketplace that perpetuates the pursuit of a socially costly "outlaw" status and the system of violent inequality to which it contributes.

I Ain't No Fortunate Son: A Comparison of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars through Music
Ben Kurland
Bkurland@gwu.edu

This paper is a look at two of the U.S.'s most costly and controversial entanglements through the lens of music. Since the Iraq War is still print being laid on the pages of history, by comparing it with a similar conflict, we can better understand its implications. The Vietnam War was a major catalyst in the evolution of American culture. By looking at the popular sentiments expressed in music in common between the two conflicts, we can better come to understand what effects the Iraq War will have on the future of our culture.



Thursday, April 10, 4:00-5:15
SESSION FIVE

Session 5A, Post Hall: There Will Be Blood -- Pirates, Polluters, and Profiteers
Session 5B, Eckles Auditorium: The Politics of the Public Sphere
Session 5C, Ames Pub: OPEN POSTER SESSION I



Thursday, April 10, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 5A

Post Hall

PANEL: There Will Be Blood -- Pirates, Polluters, and Profiteers

PRESENTERS: Jane McMurrey; Jan Rubio; Anthony Arias, Caleb Reinhold, and Khadija Shaikh

MODERATOR: Michael Svoboda, University Writing Program, GW
msvoboda@gwu.edu 

Meeting the Challenge of Climate Change: How the U.S. Fell Behind
Jane McMurrey
jmcmurr@gwu.edu

Although the richest nation and larget emitter of CO2, the U.S. continues to stand back while others take the lead in cutting emissions. Why? For perspective, we can look at the country most culturally similar to the U.S.: Great Britain. To explain the U.S.'s complacent attitude, many British scholars and diplomats point to the the American dependence on the oil industry, the static divide between liberals and conservatives, and the resistance of the government to make sacrifices from which developing countries might gain. In this paper, I will test British theory against a recent sample of American opinion.

Is Piracy Illegitimate for Legitimate Demand?
Jan Rubio
janrubio@gwu.edu

With the growing concern over piracy comes the idea of stricter enforcement of intellectual property rights in foreign countries. Most would agree with this course of action, but they fail to realize that those who purchase these pirated copies of works would not be able purchase the products otherwise. How, then, do we ensure that inventors and autors maintain their rights to their products while allowing those who cannot afford these products to benefit as well?

Cost of Drug Development and Affordability
Anthony Arias, Caleb Reinhold, Khadija Shaikh
arias109@gwu.edu

For the past twenty years, American pharmaceutical companies have averaged profit margins over 18%. Compared to an average of 3.3% in other industries, an 18% profit margin is phenomenal. However, critics of the pharmaceutical industry claim that these unparalleled profits come at too high a cost to individuals and government healthcare programs. But it is these high costs that pay for the research and development of new drugs. With direct federal aid, such as Medicare, and indirect funding in the form of grants for public research, which lower total research costs for companies, affordable drugs can be made more affordable.



Thursday, April 10, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 5B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: The Politics of the Public Sphere

PRESENTERS: Andrew Uihlein, Derin Dayigil, Patrick Oakford

MODERATOR: Robert Rubin, University Writing Program, GW
rrubin@gwu.edu

Marx and the Misimplementation of Socialism
Andrew Uihlein
AUihlein@gwu.edu

Marx's concept of Socialism as laid out in his various writings presents a picture of his ideal socialist state. Having primarily considered Germany in developing his ideas, Marx's theories can have unpredictable results outside of that society. As other countries became exposed to his ideas and attempted to implement them within their own states, his ideas lost their intended meaning and contributed to what sometimes amounted to unjust revolutions resulting in non-Marxist states. An examination of the actions of Stalin, Mao, and other leaders of so-called socialist movements reveals discrepancies between Marx's views and their own.

Turkey and the Türban: How the AKP Spins Heads
Derin Dayigil
ddayigil@gwu.edu

The Turkish religious party, known as the AKP, now controls the government and has convinced Turks to change their constitution to allow women to wear ritual head coverings to universities. This goes against the reforms that Mustafa K. Atatürk envisioned when establishing Turkey as a modern Westernized nation. This paper analyzes arguments set forth both by Secularists and Islamists to show how the AKP has "spun" the issue, comparing their tactics to those used by the opposition. By examing the rhetoric, I will show how this symbol has created a cultural change, and how Turkish secular ideology is slowly slipping away.

The Haymarket Riot: Creating the Public Sphere as We Know It Today
Patrick Oakford
poakford@gwu.edu

The Labor Movements throughout the latter portion of the 19th Century were consumed with many protests and strikes. In this paper, the Haymarket Riot of 1886 in Chicago, Illinois, will serve as a clear example of how the Labor Movement in the U.S. arrived out of an inadequate public sphere. The inability of the labor class to actively participate in society so as to voice concern and gain solutions to everyday problems will be examined as a cause for their movement. It was ultimately events such as the Haymarket Riot that altered the public sphere so that its character was one based on plurality and competition rather than that of a single dominant group.



Thursday, April 10, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 5C

Ames Pub

OPEN POSTER SESSION I

PRESENTERS: Jordan Farber, Michael Holmes Johnston, Thavisay Keoboundphanh, Jessica Anderson, Ashwini Poola, Jessica Hoffman, Jessica Gordon

MODERATOR:
Shelly Heller, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at the Mount Vernon Campus, Professor, Department of Computer Science, GW
sheller@gwu.edu

A Closer Look at the Evolution of the African American Comic Book Character
Jordan Farber
Jfarber1@gwu.edu

Everyday we break down the racial walls that our society has set up. Though these walls are centuries old, in a period spanning a little over 30 years, from 1940 to the late 1970s, we can see a dismantling of racial stereotypes in comic books. This presentation investigates the change in perception of African American characters from comic book and other media, from their inception as the "laughable fool" to the strong and independent character associated with the black superheroes of the 1970s. I will investigate examples where the stereotype remains even after this time of evolution.

The Boston School Desegregation Crisis
Michael Holmes Johnston
mjohnstn@gwu.edu

The conflict over school desegregation in Charlestown, Massachusetts , serves as a microcosm for the intense racial and cultural tensions that existed throughout the country during the inception of school desegregation. Critical issues such as educational equality, cultural and local identity, and racial tensions are omnipresent throughout the entire integration process, and will be explored through the perspectives of local residents.

Manga and Fantasy
Thavisay Keoboundphanh
thavisay@gwu.edu

Even though many genres of manga have been created for a certain audience, there are cross-readerships among these audiences. Some grown men in Japan have actually confessed that they love reading girls' manga. The reason could be that manga, whether for girls or boys, contains heavy sexually explicit material. A variety of fantasies are depicted in manga: for example, rape, incest, homosexuality, etc. The surprise is that there are women writers and consumers who enjoy the violently themed manga. It is ironic that sexually oppressed Japanese women would produce materials for themselves, and at the same time, some men enjoy it too. The question here is why the Japanese embrace these sexual fantasies, especially in manga.

The State and Prostitution: A Call to Consciousness
Jessica Anderson
ja1984@gwu.edu

The role of the State is fiercely debated in most societies, as is the level of control that the State should maintain. The State's control of prostitution, and hence prostitutes, however, is one area that most citizens would not argue due to the stigma that prostitution carries. Unfortunately, the State's control of prostitution, both legislatively as well as physically, is not a glowing example of responsibility but rather a history of power abuse and irresponsible governing. Utilizing an interdisciplinary approach, this report's intent is not simply to critique the role of the State in the control of prostitution, but rather to suggest that civil society and women themselves should be at the forefront of the fight against prostitution.

Stealing a Bite
Ashwini Poola
ashwinip@gwu.edu

After swallowing a bite of food, you may think no one else would want to claim ownership of it. But the development, preparation, and sale of food all have the potential to be enormously lucrative, and everyone involved in coming up with a new way to fill your belly wants to make sure he or she gets credit for it. As a result, intellectual property rights are becoming increasingly connected to the food industry. This presentation will examine what rights a participant in the food industry has, as well as what rights the producers and consumers in the food industry believe should be allocated for him or her.

Who Says That It Can Only Mean That?
Jessica Hoffman
Hoffjch3@gwu.edu

This presentation's goal is to discribe the differences between a widely accepted idea of how to examine comics to determine their general concept, idea, or moral, and the varied ideas of other comic book critics/artists and how they feel comics should be examined and investigated to reveal their author's intended agenda.

The Thick and Thin of D.C. Community Organizations
Jessica Gordon
Contact: Jessi_g@gwu.edu

This group project will introduce the Symposium audience to the concepts of "thick" and "thin" models of service, drawing on Keith Morton's essay "The Irony of Service." Our class poster will invite students to engage in thick models with various D.C. organizations, approaches which, according to Morton, are "sustaining and potentially revolutionary." This presentation draws on our experiences with five D.C. community groups: The Higher Achievement Program, CentroNía, Washington Parks & People, the Dinner Program for Homeless Women, and Miriam's Kitchen.

Discussing the Rhetoric of Writing
Sarah Yardley
syard011@gwu.edu

Schools teach writing using a thesis-argument-based format: students must present themselves as all-knowing experts on their given topic and write with forceful authority. Rarely are students taught to question what their teachers, and other authority figures, write and say. The combined result is a student who is self-righteous and overly confident in the power of the established authority. Schools' hegemonic dominance over methods of thinking and writing foster obedience that exist in the classroom and in the world beyond. There is an underlying yet powerful rhetoric in thesis-driven arguement, a rhetoric that creates individuals who follow the cultural norms of thinking and behavior. These cultural "norms" reflect traditional and antiquated ideals of what American life should be like: citizens should follow elected officials, serve their country, and be economically productive memebers of society.



THURSDAY
APRIL 10

KEYNOTE SESSION



Thursday, April 10, 5:45-7:00 p.m.
KEYNOTE SESSION

Gelman Library, First Floor Student Art Space

PANEL: Student Public Writing

PRESENTERS: Andy Noel, Michelle Freeman

RESPONDENT: Phyllis Ryder, University Writing Program, GW
pryder@gwu.edu

MODERATOR: David Ettinger, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Gelman, GW
dettingr@gwu.edu

Two former UW20 students have taken the research based writing they did in UW20 public. They will address both practical questions of public writing (how did they identify an audience? a publication? how did they revise their paper for a publication?) as well as theoretical issues of public writing (how do they see their work contributing to public knowledge and social ideas? how do they see them selves as public writers? what does their writing add to current debates, ideas, questions? how does their writing itself further, even change, public knowledge?).

Ocutl, Or "Being in the Torch"
Andy Noel
asnoel@gwu.edu

Today, indigenous Mayan communities continue to respond and react to oppressive economic frameworks and political procedures acquired from Latin America’s colonial era. Drawing on indigenous and liberation theological perspectives, this paper serves as an interdisciplinary examination of contemporary Mayan resistance against neoliberal macrostructures. In addition, it serves as a theoretical exploration of the broader divergences between Western discourses and indigenous voices. This paper, begun in UW20, was published in Young Scholars in Research and Writing.

The Freeman Legacy: Their Past, His Future, One Survival
Michelle Freeman
michellefree@gmail.com

As the compilation of ongoing dialogue between two Holocaust survivors and their son, this piece is a captivating tale that exposes the struggle by both generations to survive the survival. In an effort to preserve personal memory and still be a genuine representation of history, this essay becomes a unique testament of Holocaust legacy. Ultimately, the haunting testimonies transform individual readers from bystander to witness. While this piece is a personal illustration of the disjointed relationship between two generations, it serves also as a window into the complex dynamic between all survivors and their children. Michelle was asked to contribute her paper to the National Holocaust Museum's archive, making it available as a resource to researchers and writers.



FRIDAY
APRIL 11





Friday, April 11, 10:00-11:15
SESSION SIX

Session 6A, Post Hall: Postmodern Disruptions
Session 6B, Eckles Auditorium: I Was a Teenage Zombie
Session 6C, ACAD 122: Symptomatic Cinema



Friday, April 11, 10:00-11:15
SESSION 6A

Post Hall

PANEL: Postmodern Dislocation

PRESENTERS: Kristina Zarenko; Nicholas McClure; Ashley Woodcock and Emelia Carhart

MODERATOR: Cayo Gamber, University Writing Program, GW
cayo1@gwu.edu

It's All in Your Head: Disordered Narratives in Film
Kristina Zarenko
kzarenko@gwu.edu

David Denby's essay The New Disorder examines films such as Momento and Pulp Fiction that use disordered narratives to tell their story. Though his examinations may seem supportive of this type of narrative, he mandates that disordered narratives are not the best way to tell a powerful story. November is a film that tells a strong story about the effects of grief and trauma on the mind, but this could not be done without the use of a disordered narrative because that narrative accurately reflects the main character's state of mind. November also proves that in the disorder of this type of narrative lies a solid structure as is shown through the use of Kühbler-Ross's stages of grief.

The Art of Loneliness
Nicholas McClure
nmcclure@gwu.edu

This paper explores the theme of loneliness as it is presented in the oeuvre of Wes Anderson, focusing on the development of the cinematic and literary devices used throughout his work. Most importantly, this research examines the use of a novel artistic device I call "juxtaposition" as Anderson uses it in The Darjeeling Limited and Hotel Chevalier.

Influential Men, Food, or Culture: Do Experiences Change a Person?
Ashley Woodcock and Emelia Carhart
awood07@gwu.edu

The paper presents the results of spending significant time in a foreign culture. I explores the role of gender and personal experiences in developing a food identity. A person's food habits, culinary voice, and gender roles are entwined and dependant facets of identity, influenced and defined by many factors that compose life and experience. The societal status of a person may influence how they interpret their experiences of foreign cultures and how they share these experiences. Modern Americans do not related gender role to food often, but many cultures have clearly defined roles still today.



Friday, April 11, 10:00-11:15
SESSION 6B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: I Was a Teenage Zombie

PRESENTERS: Wyatt Johnston, Heejin Yoon

MODERATOR: Lisbeth Strimple Fuisz, PhD, Georgetown University
fuiszl@georgetown.edu

Zombies are The Man: Dystopic Elements in Zombie Stories
Wyatt Johnston
wypejo@gwu.edu

Zombie movies have long captured the scary bones (and imaginations) of people the world over. There are distinct dystopic elements that can be found in the zombie subgenre. This presentation explores the similarities that can be found between classic dystopias in 1984, Brave New World, and other novels and films, with the dystopic elements found in zombie films and books in hopes of finding greater insight into how a dystopia comes to existence. 

America: The New Shock Absorber
Heejin Yoon
hyoon21@gwu.edu

My research project will be about Americans' increasing desensitization to violence in high schools. The Columbine shooting shocked, not only the community surrounding Columbine, but the entire world. Since then, many shootings have happened in high schools but each seems to receive less and less attention, shock, and sympathy. School violence has become "normal" or "expected."  My topic researches the reasons behind the desensitization of the American psyche.



Friday, April 11, 10:00-11:15
SESSION 6C

ACAD 122

PANEL: Symptomatic Cinema

PRESENTERS: Ki Yong Yi, Jamie Benson

MODERATOR: Joseph P. Fisher, Ph.D., Learning Specialist, Disability Support Services, GW
fishdog@gwu.edu

Behind the Mask: Unmasking the Secrets of a Vigilante Movie Hero
Ki Yong Yi
ki_yong@gwu.edu

They have entertained the world for years. Children idolize them. But what lies at the heart of some of the world's most prominent vigilante movie heroes? Through the help of scholarly works that show how different traumatic events lead to different vigilante reactions, this piece will reveal the connections and secrets behind the vigilante movie hero. What in Batman's past made him choose a bat to be his icon, and why is he opposed to using guns in his vigilante crusade? Why is The Punisher so ruthless in his missions? These questions will be answered and more.

Digging Deeper: The Agricultural Revolution and Other Alternative Themes in Invasion of the Body Snatchers
Jamie Benson
jbenok@gwu.edu

The 1950s was a transitional period for American citizens, and the fear of communism would resonate as a popular theme in various pieces of film and literature. The 1956 horror film Invasion of the Body Snatchers has been critically analyzed as an example of such work, though only basic parallels have been applied. In an exhaustive and thorough study of Invasion, I have come to the conclusion there are alternative metaphors to the film, including a new historical parallel involving America's Second Agricultural Revolution.  Based on various sources, my presentation is a fresh and entertaining approach in critical analysis.



Friday, April 11, 11:30-12:45
SESSION SEVEN

Session 7A, Post Hall: Moving Politics
Session 7B, Eckles Auditorium: Odd Commodities
Session 7C, Academic 122: Food and Freedom



Friday, April 11, 11:30-12:45
SESSION 7A

Post Hall

PANEL: Moving Politics

PRESENTERS: Stephanie Benanty, Rachel Steyer, and Hannah Snyder; Danielle Pierce, Trevor Tistler, and Michael Donaldson; Abigail Hehmeyer

MODERATOR: Alyssa Steinmetz, Sophomore, International Affairs, 2007 Symposium Presenter, GW
aks551@gwu.edu

The Marketing Strategies of AIDS Organizations in the Washington, D.C. Area
Stephanie Benanty, Rachel Steyer, Hannah Snyder
sbenanty@mac.com

Recent statistical evidence demonstrates the alarming rate at which AIDS permeates the Washington, D.C. area. Due to the lack of readily available information regarding AIDS awareness in Washington, D.C., our paper seeks to examine the reasoning behind this phenomenon. Some organizations seem to be driven by ambiguous motives for funding, as opposed to funding for the sole promotion of AIDS education. Therefore, we have concluded that the publicized information is not being broadcast to the proper audience in need of facts. Given our research, we have to assert the unfortunate fact that lower income, minority groups have a greater risk for the contraction of AIDS; coincidentally, they also have the least amount of access to the proper healthcare, which includes counseling, testing, and preventative measures.

Equally Represented? D.C.'s Fight for Equality
Danielle Pierce, Trevor Tistler, Michael Donaldson
dpierce8@gwu.edu

Though the U.S. Constitution established a federal district to be completely controlled by Congress, conditions today would permit a plausible co-existence of the Federal Government and an autonomous local government in the District. By granting representation to the capital, no threat would be posed to the security of the federal government. Racism has played a role in the District's voting rights since its incorporation. This not only disenfranchises a large population from participating in national issues, but also denies the District the right to govern their own affairs. The underlying reasons for not allowing D.C. to have voting rights are all politically based, and are debated constantly, such as race and party affiliation.

Global Warming and the Formation of a Social Movement in the United States
Abigail Hehmeyer
abigailh@gwu.edu

Talk of global warming brings to mind the endless bickering of politicians debating scientific reports, but interestingly, as time goes on, more and more people are very clearly acknowledging the problem of global warming and desiring solutions, even when the politicians are not. Repeatedly in our country's history, representatives have started to stray from what their constituents acutally want, and this may be a similar case. What does it take for people to begin to create change from the ground up? Here we will be analyzing what it takes to start a social movement, what would have to happen for people to demand action on climate change, and what road blocks are in the way.



Friday, April 11, 11:30-12:45
SESSION 7B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Odd Commodities

PRESENTERS: Adrianne Castro, Daria-Ann Martineau, Christy Sanford

MODERATOR: Jennifer Joyce Kissko, University Writing Program, GW
jkissko@gwu.edu

The Perfection of the Imperfect American Family
Adrianne Castro
Castroav94@gmail.com

American family films today do not reflect a Leave It to Beaver-esque, made-to-cookie-cutter-perfection existence in their society. Rather, these types of films, such as The Royal Tenenbaums, personify the dysfunction intertwined with quirky charm that American families often embody. Why is there such a tendency in the American film industry now to characterize families as something less than ideal? This presentation will focus on the argument that American people favor family films that feature the dysfunction of their onscreen counterparts rather than family films that depict perfection, and what this means in the society.

Post It: The Public and Private Duality of Postsecret.com
Daria-Ann Martineau
da_weez@gwu.edu

This presentation will focus on the blog Postsecret.com. It will address the concepts of creative emotional outlets, connecting with strangers online, and confession. The following questions and topics will be posed in a slideshow presentation:

  • How much concern do we, as people, show for our mental well being?
  • How does Postsecret benefit us mentally
  • What draws people to post and view Postsecret?
  • Social taboos

Odd Commodities
Christy Sanford
csanford@gwu.edu

This paper will cover the practice of "murderabilia": the buying, selling, or collecting of items belonging to serial killers. This small facet of society displays an odd behavior which I believe is a more concentrated version of a more general American societal fascination with serial killers. As I have yet to find any scholarly articles already published on the subject of "murderabilia," my paper will bring this topic to light and explore the psychological and sociological reasoning surrounding this behavior, as well as looking at the practice over time.



Friday, April 11, 11:30-12:45
SESSION 7C

ACAD 122

PANEL: Food and Freedom

PRESENTERS: Sarah Hoffman; Beryl Price, Claire Ragozzino, Vickie Chung; Kathleen Chu, Nicole Langworthy, and Jessi Mann

MODERATOR: G. Amaris Keith, Graduate Teaching Assistant, Women's Studies Program, GW
gakeith@gwu.edu

The New Philanthropy: Leveraging the Power of Women in Indigenous Communities
Sarah Hoffman
Hoffs@gwu.edu

This paper sets out to investigate the limitations of conventional philanthropy in the process of hunger eradication in indigenous Peruvian communities. In such  communities, women bear the heavy responsibility of resolving hunger-related issues but are denied access to the resources, education, and the social freedom they would need to fulfill these responsibilities. Through contextual analysis of two types of poverty alleviation efforts in indigenous Peru, and through a series of relevant social claims, this paper will work to establish a new view of philanthropic responsibility and what it means to be an active citizen participating in global communities.

Freeganism: Fighting the System through Food
Beryl Price, Claire Ragozzino, Vickie Chung
beryl@gwu.edu

This ethnographic-style research paper takes a closer look at a social movement that aims to mobilize against the injustices that occur in a capitalist society. Through our focus on three participants, we uncover the practices behind "Freeganism," whose adherents dumpster-dive in order to reclaim food that would otherwise be thrown out as waste. Organizations like Food Not Bombs work to promote the ideals of Freeganism, which aim to fight consumerism while raising awareness about anti-militarism, environmental sustainability, poverty, and socioeconomic inequalities. The lifestyles of our subjects revealed that Freeganism, though seemingly radical, can be used on a variety of levels as a tool of social change working toward an end goal of sustainable consumer practices.

Does the Apple Fall Far from the Tree? A Look into Mother-Daughter Food Habits
Kathleen Chu, Nicole Langworthy, Jessi Mann
kchu89@gwu.edu

When our grandmothers adopted the role of "food provider" for our mothers and their siblings, they generally took on the entire process of food preparation. However, once our own mothers took on the role of cooking, they aimed to demonstrate the importance of food preparation as being a family activity instead of a solitary one. We believe that even though traditional gender roles have changed over generations, certain values of food preparation have remained the same and have allowed women to identify with their roles in the kitchen—whatever those may be.



Friday, April 11, 1:00-2:15
SESSION EIGHT

Session 8A, Post Hall: Being Human, Human Being
Session 8B, Eckles Auditorium: Style and Affect
Session 8C, ACAD 122: Thinking Local, Acting Global
Session 8D, ACAD 100: Without a Room of One's Own



Friday, April 11, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 8A

Post Hall

PANEL: Being Human, Human Being

PRESENTERS: Chenkai Zhu, Meghan Kelly, Zipporah Miles

MODERATOR: Dolsy Smith, Instruction and Reference Librarian, Gelman Library, GW
dsmith@gwu.edu

Landscape: Time, Space, and the Construction of Consciousness
Chenkai Zhu
siyui@gwu.edu

The ability to think abstractly is conventionally known as the distinctly human form of consciousness. Consciousness, however, is constructed though the interaction of time and space--the same means by which landscape is conceptualized. The study of landscape establishes that culture and rituals, supposedly human creations, are simply the material manifestations of consciousness. Yet animals also experience time and space when interacting with their environment and they, too, have rituals. This paper uses the study of landscape to elucidate how perceptions of time and space for both humans and animals result in similar manifestations of culture and ritual--and possibly consciousness. It posits that abstract thinking is not necessary in determining the presence of consciousness.

I Want Candy: Marie Antoinette Is Human
Meghan Kelly
Mkel31@gwu.edu

Sofia Coppola portrayed the title character of her 2006 film, Marie Antoinette, as a girl for whom your heart aches. Has your heart ever ached for George Bush? This presentation will show you Coppola's intention to humanize political figures in a time so sensitive to their influences.

Cyborg: The Link Between Humans and Technology
Zipporah Miles
Zmiles@gwu.edu

Technology has become one of the greatest and most helpful parts of life in society, life both human and animal, and the constant inventions that are conceived, created, or modified bring a certain level of comfort to which we all look and to which we have become accustomed. However, as amazing as technology seems to be, there are certain limitations to what can and cannot be carried out by technology. Every day, medicine seems to push at these limits and even expand beyond them. But what happens when technology is incorporated into the human body, tucked away beyond anyone's control?



Friday, April 11, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 8B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Style and Affect

PRESENTERS: Nada Raoof, Nico Brancolini, and Sam Schall; Victoria Robinson; Diana Siozios

MODERATOR: Tina Plottel, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Gelman, GW
plottel@gelman.gwu.edu

Donna Reed and Things that Bleed: Exploration of Fear in Cinema
Nada Raoof, Nico Brancolini, Sam Schall
nraoof@gwu.edu

For film buffs of all stripes, here is a presentation complete with audience participation, clips galore, and an emphasis on horror films (looking specifically at Bram Stoker's Dracula and The Stepford Wives). We hope to teach the audience to take it upon themselves to analyze all different kinds of material in new ways. We will stress the importance of looking for meaning in elements that may not have initially seemed relevant. It is in this research that they an create new themes and ideas about the material that is presented to them.

Belting It Out: The Affect of Laughter
Victoria Robinson
vmr@gwu.edu

This paper explores the concept of "affect" as it relates to laughter. I use the word "explore" deliberately, for I do not seek in this paper to form a concrete definition of "affect," but, rather, to invoke its sense and to push my fellow scholars to further consider its meaning. My paper will express the notion of affect primarily through Zapatista writing, but the most significant aspect of the presentation will by the diversity of secondary sources that are put into communication with the primary Zapatista communiques. The presentation, overall, will serve more as a gathering of ideas than a topical research project.

Hip Hop Harmony: The Influences of Hip Hop on Youth Culture
Diana Siozios
dsiozios@gwu.edu

Hip Hop is a phenomenon. Everyday its popularity booms across the nation though the media, dance, music, graffiti, books, in stores, even in the slang and styles of kids in schools and in the malls. But is there a greater impact and message of hip hop that is not presented by this consumer/popular culture? This is what I hope to uncover in writing this paper. This project deals with hip hop's expanding incorporation in education, politics, and art and focuses on examining to what extent and for what purpose it is becoming legitimized in these fields. People that understand and live the hip hop culture know how much its relevance in these fields could really make progress, and this is why getting educators, scholars, and politicians to understand this would create greater unity and growth of society as a whole.



Friday, April 11, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 8C

ACAD 122

PANEL: Thinking Local, Acting Global

PRESENTERS: Siwar El-Amin, Meera Sawkar, Carly Allen

MODERATOR: Neil Irvin, National Director, Men of Strength Club; Director of Community Education. Men Can Stop Rape
nirvin@mencanstoprape.org

Culture, History, and Starbucks: The Gentrification of Harlem
Siwar El-Amin
selamin@gwu.edu

Gentrification, by definition, is the process in which households and businesses of higher economic status invest in areas that are less financially developed. This development, along with a significant raise in the standard of living, has been most prolifically seen in the racially diverse area of Harlem, New York. This restructuring has displaced thousands who simply cannot keep up, while disturbing the equilibrium of the area and resulting in clashes in race, income, and status. Ultimately, the surface-level advantages of urban reformatting must take a backseat to the humanitarian development pertaining to the wellbeing of those neighborhoods and lifestyles being exploited.

An Analysis of the Structure and Flaws in Microfinance and Its Application at a University
Meera Sawkar
mvsawkar@gwu.edu

This paper analyzes microfinance services, the flaws that restrict them, and how they can be implemented on a college campus. Microfinance services provide basic banking tools such as loans and savings for the poor. The entrepeneurs receiving those loans can then use the money to invest in a business, enabling them to save and plan for the future. Traditional banks do not allow poor people to amass assests; they enable people who already have substantial net worth to continue amassing assets. Microfinance is not the answer to end poverty, but it can certainly play a crucial role. In successful institutes, the default rate is exceptionally lower than traditional banks. The internationally renowned Grameen Bank, for instance, has a default rate of 2%. Other institutes, while showing some success, have found it difficult to replicate these same results, and this paper will critically analyze the flaws and drawbacks of microfinance in order to explain how a microfinance organization can function at GW and be run by students. The organization can help create successful small businesses in D.C. by providing small-scale, low-interest loans in order to help entrepeneurs who lack the resources to succeed.

California: Why the Golden State Is So Green
Carly Allen
callen5@gwu.edu

Why is a state paving the way on climate change rather than our national government? Of course, there is a correlation between the facts that California is a very liberal state and the state with the nation's toughest environmental laws and regulations. New York is also a liberal state, and yet New Yorkers typically are less involved in environmental activism and global warming prevention than Californians. Clearly, then, there is something beyond being liberal that is fueling California to be so "green." This paper suggests that it could be due to California's unique problems as a result of global warming, a question this paper will try further to answer.



Friday, April 11, 1:00-2:15
SESSION 8D

ACAD 100

PANEL: Without a Room of One's Own

PRESENTERS: Saara Hafiz, Anna Johnson

MODERATOR: Christopher Sten, Professor of English and Director, WID Program
csten@gwu.edu

The American Dream: Freedom to Exclude
Saara Hafiz
smahafiz@gwu.edu

Throughout history, the societal stigmatization and misunderstanding of certain ethnic, religious, and social groups has been a feature of our society--as American as apple pie. Along with the beloved freedoms of speech and information has come the tradeoff of having to sift through slanderous misrepresentations of the homeless and downtrodden of society in the name of making a quick buck providing media entertainment to the masses. This paper discusses, and visually illustrates, the controversy surrounding censorship of certain forms of media, and why imposing restrictions may be more helpful than hurtful in the long run. It explores the widespread exploitation of the homeless by using the interpretive frameworks of mental illness and the American work ethic to examine the creation of widely accepted negative stereotypes that lead to violence and societal disintegration.

Gender and Fear in Public Space: How Do Social Norms Contribute to Sexual Violence against Homeless Women?
Anna Johnson
annaj@gwu.edu

Why is it considered dangerous for a woman to walk to her apartment alone at night but not a man? How does the gendering of public space affect homeless women living on the streets? This paper seeks to examine the creation of masculine public space in the city and how identifying the gendering of city streets can be useful in understanding the problem of sexual violence against homeless women so that we can more thoughtfully and intentionally seek to combat this problem and assist those who have been victimized by it.



Friday, April 11, 2:30-3:45
SESSION NINE

Session 9A, Post Hall: OPEN POSTER SESSION II
Session 9B, Eckles Auditorium: Creating a Global World
Session 9C, ACAD 122: College and Imagined Community
Session 9D, ACAD 100: Identity Politics
Session 9E, Ames Pub: I Came, I Saw, I Captured



Friday, April 11, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 9A

Post Hall

OPEN POSTER SESSION II

PRESENTERS: Celeste Carano, Lauren Kasiarz, Alexa Koenig, Edward Kryschtal, Jae Min Lee, Kanishk Mishra, Loc Nguyen, Chase Woodruff

MODERATOR: Ann Brown, Reference and Instruction Librarian, Gelman, GW
agbrown@gelman.gwu.edu

Devil Dogs: How Conflicting Understandings of Marine Corps Culture Has Contributed to Military Disenfranchisement
Celeste Carano
ccarano@gwu.edu

The United States Marine Corps has over 200 years of history that have created a distinct culture and identity fit for this elite fighting force. In recent years, however, as the percentage of Americans in direct contact with the military declines, this culture has become so distinct from mainstream America that many Americans no longer understand the purpose of the Marines' existence. For the sake of American foreign policy and the future of our military, Americans must renew their understanding of the Marines' role and close the gap between the civilian and military realms.

China's Mondernization and Intellectual Property Theft
Lauren Kasiarz
LKasiarz@gwu.edu

Over the past fifty years, China has developed rapidly, becoming one of the world's superpowers over the course of a few mere decades. What has contributed to this great success for China? In part, intellectual property theft. In this project, I will analyze how the effects of intellectual property infringement have hurt world copyright holders and helped the Chinese economy. Is this global development more important than copyright protection? Or should individuals have greater protection under international law?

Genetic Engineering: Designer Babies and a Homologous Society
Alexa Koenig
akoenig@gwu.edu

The world of genetic engineering is progressing much faster than people may believe, or may want to believe. The ideas presented in works such as Frankenstein or Brave New World may seem absurd. But in reality, researchers are not far off from having the ability to create human beings with specific traits. This project sets out to present the current and prospective technologies associated with genetic engineering, and to describe what these possibilities mean for the future of society in social, economic, and evolutionary contexts.

The Effect that Line and Color Can Have on a Reader Beyond Their Aesthetic Appeal
Edward Kryschtal
kryschtal@gmail.com

In the graphic novel 300, Frank Miller, along with color arist Lynn Varley, collaborated to recreate the classic legend of the battle of Thermopylae. In depicting this battle, the use of line and color play a key role in how audiences can interact with the graphic novel, with effects that range from highlighting and emphasizing importance through line and detail, to the use of color to signify the feeling of calm before the storm. From these elements, we can see what Miller and Varley perhaps intended to do in their use of these techniques. And we can ask whether they were successful or not.

Human Rights in North Korea
Jae Min Lee
jmlee@gwu.edu

When people talk about human rights in North Korea, they usually talk about what kinds of human rights are abused in North Korea through harsh excesses such as imprisonment and the death penalty. However, my presentation will focus on the kinds of human rights that North Korean have--at least on paper. People may be surprised to learn that North Korea's socialist law claims about 170 freedoms for its citizens, including the freedom of speech, religion and eduation. But my poster will present cases that show the wide gap between what is claimed and a totally different reality.

20th-Century Politics in the The Adventures of Tintin
Kanishk Mishra
kanishk@gwu.edu

The Adventures of Tintin were written by Herge and told the adventures of a reporter in various countries. In this presentation, I intend to examine the representation of politics, and in particular the ideologies of communism in Tintin in the Land of the Soviets and fascism in Tintin and the Picaros. Herge subtly provides commentary on these disparate political entities in two of his comics and has been criticized for this; however, my claim will be that his work should be viewed as a perspective from the time in which he lived.

Transcending Medium Evolutions: How Solid is Solid Snake?
Loc Nguyen
binhloc@gwu.edu

The Metal Gear Solid graphic novel has its source material in a video game. But what happens to the material and its effectiveness when the medium evolves to take the form of a digital graphic novel? Is the definition of a graphic novel given by Scott McCloud muddied as a result? To what extent does a digital graphic novel offer such things as "immersion," if it does at all? This presentation seeks to invoke pondering on the part of the audience on the idea of digital graphic novels in addition to considering the effectiveness of digitizing a comic.

Spin Doctors: The Insurance Lobby and Health Care Reform
Chase Woodruff
dcwood89@gwu.edu

With insurance premiums skyrocketing, and 47 million Americans not insured at all, health care reform is a central issue in the 2008 election. Many activists advocate a switch to a federal, tax-based "single-payer" system, which would likely drive down costs and provide universal coverage. But it would also eliminate private health insurance companies, and the industry has spent millions to convince politicians and the public to prevent significant reforms from taking place. Why have they been so successfull in shaping public opinion? Is their rhetoric accurate? And what is the future of health care politics, in 2008 and beyond?

Hegemonic Distractions
Matt Francolino
mfranc@gwu.edu

In August 2005, Hurricane Katrina stuck the Gulf Coast, inflicting tremendous damage on the people and the area. The U.S. population flocked to aid the helpless victims, and money and volunteers poured into New Orleans. The federal government, however halted this mobilization. The government distracted and demobilized the population in order to garner resources to implement and maintain policies to preserve American hegemony. People are attracted to distractions because of their attraction to power and hegemonic figures, and opposed to impoverished areas of New Orleans. The Bush Administration uses rhetoric and language to orchestrate a politics of fear by claiming that this "Global War on Terror" is the chief concern for Americans. In actuality, the Bush Administration merely aims to maintain the status of the United States on the global stage.



Friday, April 11, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 9B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: Creating a Global World

PRESENTERS: Chirag Hirawat; Hagan Wong, Shannon Kustra, and Kristina Panayiotou; Sam Blackman

MODERATOR: Laura Daughtery, Social Work Professor, National Catholic School of Social Service, The Catholic University of America
DAUGHTERY@cua.edu

Globalization and the Erosion of the Indian Family
Chirag Hirawat
chiragh@gwu.edu

I plan to explore the topic of globalization and its harmful consequences on Indian society and culture. Most citizens of the world have only heard of the positive impact of this phenomenon (stimulating the economy, a better standard of living, etc.) but have failed to acknowledge its unfavorable repercussions. Globalization has resulted in the gradual decline of the Indian nuclear family system. It has bred the independence of the children in the house and has disintegrated family values and traditions. This topic is of grave importance to Indian identity.

Developed Nations vs. Developing Nations in the Job Market
Hagan Wong, Shannon Kustra, Kristina Panayiotou
haganw@gwu.edu

Today, as the number of qualified individuals entering the job market increases, this paper finds that employment opportunities start to decrease in the developed world. Through studies of globalization, economic factors, changing trends in job popularity, the impact of higher education, gender issues and roles, and the significance of evolving technology, our paper examines how each of these areas affects employment outcomes in the 21st century. Our presentation will examine the employment crisis in the developed nations and how it has benefited poorer nations in terms of job prospects and development booms.

The Political Implications Regarding Climate Change for the United States
Sam Blackman
Sam07@gwu.edu

This research paper will study other scholarly articles related to the changing global dynamic of political power as a result of post cold-war era globalization and a proven climate change shift occuring across the planet. A focus is specifically placed on the future of the United States and the political adaptations that the U.S. must make in order to sustain its competitive advantage as the premier superpower, with solving climate change as the most important determining factor. An analysis of the studied material will then be used to create a theory about the future of the United States as a world leader.



Friday, April 11, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 9C

ACAD 122

PANEL: College and Imagined Community

PRESENTERS: Hilary A. Swaim, Dhruv Choudhry

MODERATOR: Corbin Lyday, Adjunct Professorial Lecturer, Elliott School of International Affairs, GW
clyday@gwu.edu

Can you Repeat That? How New England and Southern Dialects Affect the Social Knowledge and Social Competence of College Students
Hilary A. Swaim
haswaim@gwu.edu

This research will examine the topic of language socialization through the lens of socioeconomics and anthropology. The term "social knowledge" refers to using language as a tool for socialization. The theory of social knowledge argues that there are certain norms for language use within different communities. Adapting to these norms is a measure of "social competence." The paper will argue that dialects have different cultural value for members of different dialect communities. Focusing on the dialect regions of New England and areas such as south and east of the Potomac and Mississippi Rivers, the perceptions of these speech patterns will be garnered from interviews of George Washington University students and faculty, statistics from competitive employers, and historical and contemporary studies from the Smithsonian American Folklife Center. Investigating the question of how different dialects affect individual and regional social knowledge and how these potentially different social understandings affect an individual's position as a "competent member of society" (Schiefflin and Ochs) will provide a diverse audience with a substantiated correlation between speech patterns and social knowledge. The study will focus on college students in order to investigate how we interact with members of different dialect communities in the place where we simultaneously attend school and reside.

Facebook and Online Authorship
Dhruv Choudhry
dchoud@gwu.edu

Facebook is a household name across college campuses around the country, and it is the most popular social networking site among college students. But as convenient and as successful as Facebook is, there are many issues related to it that directly impact students and that raise intellectual property concerns as well. This papers asks who owns a respective profile page: the user, or Facebook? And more generally, who owns what you post on the internet? Has the concept of online authorship been blurred in our time?



Friday, April 11, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 9D

ACAD 100

PANEL: Identity Politics

PRESENTERS: Lisa Hartland, Madiha Malik, Elizabeth Merritt

MODERATOR: Pat McGann, Communications Director, Men Can Stop Rape
pmcgann@mencanstoprape.org

Language and Society Juxtaposed: Redefining Cultural Norms
Lisa Hartland
lmh11@gwu.edu

Language is a socially-enforced cultural norm that undergoes constant tension to maintain the status quo of acceptable content while simultaneously embodying societal change. I will explore the translation of this tension into current affairs with a focus on the recently rapid emergence of the Spanish language and its implications for the evolving United States society. I will question the importance of a national language and its representation of cultural identity. This article will examine the increasingly bilingual nature of the English language--as spoken in the United States--that transforms, and is transformed by, societal forms.

Truth in Black and White: The Failure of American School Systems to Recognize African American English as a Dialect and Not a Deficit
Madiha Malik
mmalik@gwu.edu

This paper delves into the controversial issue of African American English (AAE) and the failure of American schools to recognize the validity of this dialect of the English language largely attributed to African Americans. Because classrooms are structured around the more common dialect of Standard American English, African Americans speaking vernacular AAE at a disadvantage compared to their White peers. This "Black-White" achievement gap is visible when comparing standardized test scores of both races and presents a problem that must be confronted as it directly affects the future of the African American youth of our country.

Gay and Straight Comics Authors and Their Gay Protagonists
Elizabeth Merritt
ea11@gwu.edu

This paper discusses the differences between gay and straight authors who include homosexual characters in their comic strips. Often the straight authors will introduce a gay character and include some initial turbulence, but then quickly assimilate the character into society. In contrast, gay authors will closely examine culture and include the ongoing conflicts that happen between gay and straight cultures. My work extends that of Edward Sewell in his "Queer Characters in Comic Strips," with the intent to examine why newspapers and public in general react negatively to the introduction of gay characters into comic strips. This will partly explain why straight authors shy away from portraying ongoing and deep conflicts between gay and dominant straight cultures.



Friday, April 11, 2:30-3:45
SESSION 9E

Ames Pub

PANEL: I Came, I Saw, I Captured

PRESENTERS: UW20, Section 34: Vicktery Sanchez, Jackie Gabela, Kate Pyatybratova, Olivia Richman, Cooper Klose, Xi Zhitong, Mikhail Flom, Christina Preddice, Joseph Park, Lynn Lee, Joshua Lee, Catherine Ker, Michelle Auron, Caitlin Fitzpatrick, and Rachel Benlisa
Contact: shamilt@gwu.edu

MODERATOR: Sandie Friedman, University Writing Program, GW
srf@gwu.edu

The students of UW20 Section 34 have composed a panel that highlights the research methods the class has been learning in how to conduct archival research. Jennifer King, a librarian with Special Collections, played an instrumental role in assisting the class in constructing this panel proposal and in helping them to find the materials they will present The panel examines how history has been documented by artists, GW students, American travelers, and guide-book writers of the 19th to 20th centuries , and presents primary document research in Gelman Library's Special Collections. Through four audio-visual presentations on travel and the history of Washington, D. C., this panel will address ethical and/or technical issues related to social justice, cultural trends, and representations of reality.

A GWU Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants: A History of Social Justice on Campus
Vicktery Sanchez, Jackie Gabela, Kate Pyatybratova

The advent of modern means of transportation has been closely tied with social changes of the late 19th and 20th centuries; this interconnection has been especially pronounced among the GW students who, conveniently situated in the downtown of America's capital, helped mobilize important social changes. Using maps, photos, and documentary evidence from Gelman's Special Collections, our group will recreate the experiences of three famous GW alumnae: Mabel Thurston, Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, and Courtney Cox Arquette, who would have observed how the push for civil rights of women and African Americans, and the calls for environmental protection affected GW transit throughout history and today.

Your Pen is Not Your Lens
Olivia Richman, Cooper Klose, Xi Zhitong, Mikhail Flom

It is a responsibilty of photographers, artists, and guides to report exactly what they have seen and perceived. By examining travel guides, pictures, and articles, we will try to discover what really happened when reporters, artists and guides described a place to visit. Our group will compare the ways in which individuals have camptured images of foreign people and places from the last century's use of lithographs (1838-1840) to contemporary digital photographs, taken specifically by paparazzi, in order to show how 19th-century artists and present-day photographers skew reality. We will use primary sources of lithographs by David Roberts from the Gelman Library's Special Collections to show how interpretation can differ from the truth.

Where Have All the Tourists Gone? Changing Trends in D. C. Tourism
Christina Preddice, Joseph Park, Lynn Lee, Joshua Lee

D.C. guidebooks from the 1840s show us that graves were once one of the most popular tourist attractions in D.C. Today, these formerly popular sites have been buried under advice to see other things, such as the Smithsonian museums. Through our research into guidebooks to Washington, D.C.'s history and culture from Special Collections, we will explore that idea that although specific sites still exist and mark significant eras within D.C. and the United States as a whole, we find that, with the development of D.C. itself, many of these "sites" have disappeared from the pages of tour guides. What has happened to these historically deep-rooted sights/sites? Where did they go and why did they disappear?

What Does This Mean to You? Travel Reporting Then and Now
Catherine Ker, Michelle Auron, Caitlin Fitzpatrick, Rachel Benlisa

When was the last time you went on a trip and recorded in your travel journal the number of board games you played? When was the last time you used a travel journal? In our presentation, we will look at Henry David Litchfield's travel journals and photographs from the 1800s from Special Collections. Comparing them to Webshots and travel blogs today, we will explore what is of importance to individuals of then and today.



Friday, April 11, 4:00-5:15
SESSION TEN

Session 10A, Post Hall: The Means to Whose Ends?
Session 10B, Eckles Auditorium: D.C. Ethnography
Session 10C, ACAD 122: Indigenous Representation
Session 10D, ACAD 100: Faith -- Foundations and Challenges



Friday, April 11, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 10A

Post Hall

ROUNDTABLE: The Means to Whose Ends?

PANEL: Jon Binetti, Jacob J. Jones, Casey Wach

MODERATOR: Matthew Riley, University Writing Program, GW
mriley1@gwu.edu

Geoengineering: Friend or Foe?
Jon Binetti
jbinetti@gwu.edu

Geoengineering solutions are creative and varied. Many of them have the best of intentions in mind and have far reaching capabilities. The problem that many run into when imagining or modeling the effects of these geoengineering solutions is that there are some unwanted and negative effects. This paper analyzes how well geoengineering solutions take the environment into account and, more importantly, the values motivating proposed solution. Trying to turn back our destructive habits is a problem that is literally global in scale, the likes of which has never been seen before. What values should be first and foremost?

Horse Money: The Selfish Veneration of Race Horses in Contemporary Society
Jacob J. Jones
Jjones04@gwu.edu

Whereas millions of people may gather to watch Kobe Bryant's game winning dunks, millions also gather at the Kentucky Derby to watch horses race down the homestretch. While racehorses are seemingly elevated to human status, the effect our veneration has on the horses is not so glorious. The constant training, the perilous races themselves, and even the use of performance enhancing drugs are damaging. Ultimately, horseracing culture is a microcosm for humanity's harmful objectification of nature: the horse is taken from its environment and turned into a spectacle of entertainment and profit. This behavior might also be responsible for society's current environmental concerns, in which nature has been molded for our own needs.

Told to Kill: A Study on Obedience Resulting in Heinous Violence
Casey Wach
cjwach@gmail.com

This paper will analyze the atrocious events near Waco, Texas February 28 through April 19, 1993, in order to determine the effect that the phrase "just following orders" had on the devasting outcome. The shaping of this analysis will include the implementation of data from these psychological studies: the Asch Study (1951), The Milgram Experiment (1963), and the Standord Prison Experiment (1971). Furthermore, this paper will address the psychological frameworks of dissociation to responsibility, conformity, and distorted role identity in order to expand upon the former psychological research, conglomerating the data in analysis of this tragic historical senario.



Friday, April 11, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 10B

Eckles Auditorium

PANEL: D.C. Ethnography

PRESENTERS: Mariana Yazbek and Rachel Vorsanger; Thao T. Nguyen

MODERATOR: Dolores Perillấn, Poetica 21 ~ Word in Action: Spanish Professor, GW; Faculty Fellow, Service Learning, CoRAL Network
perillan@gwu.edu

Feeding Social Change: A Study of Food Activisim
Mariana Yazbek, Rachel Vorsanger
myazbek@gwu.edu

Our goal in presenting this ethnographic research is to contribute to an understanding of food activism, the people immersed in it, and the forces that propel them. Our paper explains the inner workings of D.C. Central Kitchen, a non-profit organization, and interviews two paramount men who work there. Our participants are Mike Curtin, the CEO, and Eldridge "Bo" Sims, a member of the kitchen staff. In re-telling their unique experiences, we show how food activism is translated into real-life actions. We also put forth a new perspective on how to be part of social change in a way that isn't charity.

Getting to the Top of the Bottom: Social Hierarchy in Homeless Communities
Thao T. Nguyen
ttnguyen@gwu.edu

As recorded by the National Coalition for the Homeless, over 700,000 people in the United States are experiencing homelessness, a number that is steadily growing. Most social science literature has accepted the assessment of the homeless population as suffering from disaffiliation, isolation, vulnerability, and disempowerment. However, this research project seeks to challenge the dominant assertion that the homeless are vulnerable and dependent people who are socially disorganized, disaffiliated, and disempowered. By examining the cultural values of various homeless groups and the roles each member of a homeless community plays, perhaps more research will be placed on exploring the topic of hierarchy within homeless communities, a topic not frequently discussed in research. 



Friday, April 11, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 10C

ACAD 122

PANEL: Indigenous Representation

PRESENTERS: Maria Gabrielle Buccilli, Stephanie Mayer, Ebba Nelligan
[NOTE: This is a change from the printed program]

MODERATOR: Lee Ann Fujii, Political Science Professor and Program Coordinator, Women's Leadership Program, GW
lafujii@gwu.edu

Stolen Generations: The Aborigines' Struggle
Maria Gabrielle Buccilli
mggb11@gwu.edu

It may be commonly known that the white British colonialists abused Aborigines. What is not well known, however, are the specific dynamics of the conflict. Studying the civil rights movement of the Aborigines in Australia is important because it demonstrates that human aggression over other less violent races occurs independently all over the world, not just in the United States. This research paper not only brings new light to a subject that may be otherwise glossed over, but it also stimulates us to reflect on the way in which we absorb historical information.

Racial Misrepresentation and Historical Neglect at the NMAI
Stephanie Mayer
skmayer@gwu.edu

This paper focuses on the controversies that exist in the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI), a place that was supposed to finally bring a voice to the American Indians. The museum can be applauded for its brilliant architecture, its use of technology in its exhibits, and its representation of the American Indians as a resilient community. Unfortunately, these positives cannot cover up the theory that my studies of the NMAI have led me to believe. My research and experience has brought me to the conclusion that the NMAI does not correctly perform its duty as a museum to educate the American people about the Native American cultures because it neglects to address the controversial issues of European colonization, government mistreatment of these people, and the continuing issues that plague the Native American community as a result of their past.

Kierkegaard and the Absurdity of Faith
Ebba Nelligan
enelliga@gwu.edu

In Fear and Trembling, Søren Kierkegaard uses the biblical story of Abraham to portray his conception of "faith." Kierkegaard's definition of faith involves paradox and must transcend the bounds of ethics and rationality in order to sustain its existence as the essential reality of an individual's existence. One would normally assume that an "unethical act" and a "wrong act" are synonymous, but Kierkegaard discards this assumption with a distinction between the two. This paper takes a deeper look into the relationship between faith and ethics, examining recent cases of suicide bombers and other religious fanatics willing to commit violence because of their faith and relating them to Kierkegaard's notion of absurdity.



Friday, April 11, 4:00-5:15
SESSION 10D

ACAD 100

PANEL: Faith -- Foundations and Challenges

PRESENTERS: Elizabeth Murphy, Caitlin Krieck, Jillian Mador

MODERATOR: Mary Buckley, Department of Theatre and Dance, Program Coordinator, International Arts and Culture, GW
buckley.mary1@gmail.com

Feuerbach and Marx: Breaking from Tradition
Elizabeth Murphy
eemurphy@gwu.edu

The relationship between Feuerbach and Marx is a complex one. Marx's earlier works show a clear admiration for the philosophy of Feuerbach, one that rejected the popular Hegelianism of the day without falling into pessismism or pietism. Yet there is also a clear denial of Feurbach in Marx's later works. This paper will examine the historical and philosophical relationship between Feurbach and Marx and will explore the question of why Marx's philosophy underwent such a dramatic shift. I will point out several factors that were responsible for his break with Feuerbach and show that although Marx's philosophy later rejected him, Feuerbach still had an immense impact in revolutionizing philosophy.

The State of Our Faith: An Exploration of Relgious Attitudes in the Millennial Generation
Caitlin Krieck
ckrieck@gwu.edu

Writing in the 1840s, Søren Kierkegaard observed that his generation was plagued by religious apathy and doubt. Today, there is a common perception that the same is true about the current generation. In my presentation, I use the points of views of scholarly works, experts, university students, and community leaders to explore this perspective. I challenge the popular belief that our generation is consistently disillusioned and hostile towards religion and faith, while giving credence to the idea that a contemporary emphasis on critical thinking has distinctly changed the definition of faith for the Millennial generation.

Catholic Social Justice: The Framework and Faults of the Philosophy
Jillian Mador
jkmador@gwu.edu

Catholic Social Justice is a broad term rooted in the Catholic belief in service for the betterment of humanity. Through their teachings, the Church succeeds in helping many people; however, they are limited to who they serve based on Church doctrines. This paper will explore the framework of Catholic Social Justice by analyzing Church documents and organizations, and counter with a study of the critiques of Catholic Social Justice from both Catholics and non-Catholics. Then, both sides of the philosophy will be applied to the issue of abortion.