This bibliography contains mainly social science references about India's Andaman Islands, but some attention is also given to sources on ecology and environment and certain other "miscellaneous" topics. A few sources are provided on the neighboring Nicobar Islands.

 We intend to continue building this collection of references and to provide annotations for all sources.

  1. General Sources and Mixed Collections on the Andamans
  2. Indigneous Peoples of the Andamans
  3. Immigrant population (settlers) in the Andamans
  4. Ecology and Environment in the Andamans
  5. Miscellaneous Information on the Andamans
  6. Nicobar Islands
I.     General Sources and Mixed Collections on the Andamans

Bhatia, Jagdish. 1986
     The 20th Century Heads for the Andaman Islands. Far Eastern Economic Review 131:77-79.

     Mentions Rajiv Gandhi's wish to make the Andamans a free port.

Das, S. T. 1982
     The Andaman & Nicobar Islands: A Study of Habitat, Economy & Society (From Tradition to Modernity). New
     Delhi: Sagar Publications.

    Sections on geography, indigenous peoples, settlers, economy, future of the indigenous peoples, and the Nicobars. Mentions that the Andaman Islands are a place of the
     nation's pride and now a "Little India" with a plural population from all over India.

Kaul, Ranjana and Dilwali Ashok. 1989
     Andaman & Nicobar: Islands in the Sun. New Delhi: Spantech Publishers Pvt. Ltd.

    A "coffee-table" book designed to promote tourist interest in the islands, its first chapter, "There's a Place in the Sun," begins with mention of the islands' being "lapped
     by incessant, white-foamed, crested waves..." The chapter on "The People" contains serious errors such as " will find that old, accepted tribal barriers have almost
     disappeared" (p. 18). Government regulations completely forbid contact between outsiders and the indigenous people.

Roy, P. S. et al. 1991
     Tropical Forest Type Mapping and Monitoring Using Remote Sensing. International Journal of Remote Sensing
        Mapping techniques are compared in terms of classification and accuracy levels, highlighting appropriate methods for mapping various forest types. Attention given to
        the Landsat TM data of Baratang division in the Andamans that has been used to prepare maps using visual and digital methods.

Rumney, T. 1989
     Studies on the Economic Geography of South Asia: A Select Bibliography. Vance Bibliographies, Public Adminstration
     Series. place of publication?

        Contains over 700 references to English-language sources from 1945 to the present on  all of South Asia including attention to the Andamans.

Sarkar, K. S. Sarkar. B. C. Deb, and W. A. Shah. 1994
     HIV Makes Its Way in the Islands of the Bay of Bengal (and Nicobar), India. The Journal of Infection 29(1):116.more

Suryanarayan, V. and V. Sudarsen, eds. 1994
     Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Challenges of Development. Delhi: Konark Publishers.

Tamta, B.R. 1991
     Andaman and Nicobar Islands. New Delhi: National Book Trust.

Temple, Richard. 1984
     Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In Walter Hutchinson ed. Customs of the World. pp. 300-311. Delhi: Neeraj Publishing

II.     Indigenous Peoples of the Andamans

A.         Early Sources [before 1950]

Brown, A. R. 1909
     The Religion of the Andaman Islanders. Folklore 20:257.

Cutting, Suydam. 1940
     The Fire Ox and Other Year. New York: Charles Scribenr's Sons.

     Travel reports on several parts of the world including one chapter on the Andaman Islands (pp. 247-264). Written when India was still a British colony. One comment of
       the author's is, for example: "The Andaman Islands...possess two genuine curiousisties: a primitive race of tiny black men that draws a living from land and sea with very
       little labor, and a unique penal colony that is praised enthusiastically by inmates and aalumni alike" (p. 247).

Kloss, Cecil Boden. 1903
     In the Andamans and Nicobars: The Narrative of a Cruise on the Schooner "Terrapin" with Notices of their Fauna,
     Ethnology, Etc. London: John Murray.

Lang, A. 1909
     The Religion of the Andaman Islanders: Correspondence. Folklore. 20:492.

Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. 1922
     The Andaman Islanders: A Study in Social Anthropology. London: Cambridge University Press.

Reid, Captain Mayne. 1852
     The Man- Eaters and Other Odd People: A Popular Description of Singular Races of Man. New York: John W.
     Lovell Company.

     Contains a chapter on "The Andamaners or Mud-Bedaubers" (pp. 388-410).

Routh, G. M. 1945
     The Andaman Islands. Folklore n.s.:158:110.

Temple, Sir R. C. 1929
     Remarks on the Andaman Islanders and Their Country. Folklore 40:411.

B.         Recent Sources [1950 and afterwards]

Awasthi, A. K. 1991
     Ethnobotanical Studies of the Negrito Islanders of the Andaman Islands, India--The great Andamanese. Economic
     Botany 45(2):274.

Basu, Badal Kumar. 1990
     The Onge: Negrito Hunter-Gatherers of Little Andaman. Calcutta: Seagull Books.

Cappieri, Mario. 1974
     The Andamanese: Cultural Elements, Elements of Demogenetics, Physical Anthropology and Raciology. Edited by
     Henry Field. Miami, Florida: Field Reseacrh Projects.

      Focuses on questions in physical anthropology.

Chakraborty, Dilip Kumar. 1990
     The Great Andamanese: Struggling Survival. Calcutta: Seagull Books.
Cipriano, Lidio. 1966
     The Andaman Islanders. Edited and translated by D. Taylor Cox and Linda Cole. New York: Frederick A.Praeger

     Mainly on the Onge people of Little Andaman.

Coomar, Palash Chandra. 1986
     Recent Visit to the Sentinel Island. Human Science 35(1):361-363.

Coomar, Palash Chandra and Manis Kumar Raha. 1987
     The Onges and Their Handicrafts. Human Science 36(4):375-382.

Cooper, Zarine. 1992
     Relevance of the Forager/Collector Model to Island Communities in the Bay of Bengal. Man and Environment

Cooper, Zarine. 1993
     Perceptions of Time in the Andaman Islands. World Archaeology 25:261-267.

     . 1993
     The Origins of the Andaman Islanders: Local Myth and Archaeological Evidence. Antiquity 67:393-399.

Danda, Ajit K. 1989
     Indigenous Small Populations of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society

Danda, Dipali. 1987
     Little Andaman and the Onge. Human Science 36(1):66-91.

     . 1990
     On Ecology of Little Andamans: The Onge Perception. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 25(3):223-234.

Danda, Dipali G. and Sumit Mukherjee. 1989
     A Study on Onge Population. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 24:47-67.

Daniels, R. J. R. 1996
     The Vanishing Aborigines of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Curr. Sci. 70(9):775-776.

Iten, Oswald. 1993
     Friendly Contact. Swiss Review of World Affairs [Zurich] July:15-20.

     Discusses the status of the indigenous people and environmental consequences of settlement and economic development.

Man, E. H. 1985
     On the Aboriginal Inhabitants of the Andaman Islands. London.

Manoharan, S. 1982
     Linguistic Effect of Culture Contact: Present Andamanese Linguistic Situation. Journal of the Indian Anthropological
     Society 17(3):223-227.

Mitra, A.K. 1969
     The Andamanese and the Negrito Problem. Occasional Paper No. 5. Miami: Field Research Projects.

Mukerjee, Madhusree. 1995
     Tribal Struggle: Stone Age Guardians of the Andaman Islands Fight to Survive. Scientific American 272:16-19.

      Presents view that contact with outside world has brought poverty, disease and death to indigenous populations, and extermination of native fauna as rainforest is cleared
      for settlement by outsiders.

Nag, Moni. 1972
     Andamanese. In Frank M. Lebar, ed. Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia. Volume I: Indonesia, Andaman Islands, and
     Madagascar. pp. 4-7. New Haven, Connecticut: Human Relations Area Files.

     Brief overview drawn mainly from Radcliffe-Brown and a few even earlier sources.

Pandit, T. N. 1985
     Tribal and the Non-Tribal in Andaman Islands: A Historical Perspective. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society

     . 1990
     The Sentinelese. Calcutta: Seagull Books.

Pandit, T. N. and Madhumala Chattopadhyay. 1989
     Meeting the Sentinel Islanders: The Least-Known of the Andaman Hunter-Gatherers. Journal of the Indian
     Anthropological Society 24(2):169-178.

Pandit, T.N. 1994
     The Hunter-Gatherers of the Bay Islands: Their Survival and Development. In V. Suryanarayan and V. Sudarsen, eds.
     Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Challenges of Development. pp. 59-81. Delhi: Konark Publishers.

Pandya, Vishvajit. 1987
     Above the Forest: A Study of Andamanese Ethnoanemology, Cosmology, and the Power of Ritual. Unpublished
     doctoral dissertation, University of Chicago.

     . 1990
     Movement and Space: Andamanese Cartography. American Ethnologist 17(4):775-797.

     . 1991
     From Photography to Ethnography: Andamanese Documents and Documentation. Visual Anthropology

     . 1992
     Gukwelonone: The Game of Hiding Fathers and Seeking Sons among the Onge of Little Andaman. In [editor?]
     Father-Children Relations: Cultural and Biosocial Contexts. pp. 263-279. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Portman, Maurice V. 1899
     A History of Our Relations with the Andamanese, Compiled from Histories and Travels, and from the Records of the
    Government of India. Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing.

Prakash Reddy G. 1988
     Hunters and Gatherers and the Tropical Habitat of Andaman and Nicobar: A Study into Their Declining
     Relationship. South Asian Anthropologist 9(2):171-179.

Rao, D. Hanumantha, G. N. V. Brahmam and N. Prahlad Rao. 1989
     Health and Nutritional Status of the Onge of Little Andaman Island. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society

Reddy, O. Prakash, V. Sudarsen, and D. Venkatesan. 1989
     Onge Foraging System: Strategies of Resource Utilisation. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 24:101-110.

Sarkar, B. N. 1989
     Anthropometric Study of the Jarawa of Andaman Islands. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 24:79-83.

Sarkar, Jayanta. 1987
     Befriending the Jarawa: A Challenging Task. Human Science 36(1):1-2.

     . 1989
     Endangered Tribes and Their Development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Journal of the Indian Anthropological
     Society 24:1-45.

     . 1990
     The Jarawa. Calcutta: Seagull Books.

Singh, K. S. 1991
     Island Anthropology: Retropsect and Propsects. Man in India 71(4):545-569.

Singh, Ragubhir. 1975
     The Last Andaman Islanders. National Geographic 148(1):xx?

Som, Sujit. 1995
     The Great Andamanese: An Island Community of Strait Island in Andaman. Man in India 75(4):393-399.

Sreenathan, M. 1995
    Toponomastics of Andaman Islands. Man in India 48(2):151-163.

Subakrishna, R. 1989
     Night=Without Light: An Onge Euphemism. Human Scinece 38(1):74-76.

Tomas, David. 1991
     Tools of the Trade: The Production of Ethnographic Observations on the Andaman Islands, 1858-1922. In George
     W. Stocking, Jr., ed., Colonial Situations:  Essays on the Contextualization of Ethnographic Knowledge. pp. 75-108.
     Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Upadhyay, V. S. 1987
     Retrieval from the Precipice: A Case-Study of the Negritos of Andamans. Journal of Social Research 30(1-2):67-89.

Venkatesan, D. 1989
     A Perspective on Male Initiation Cermeony among the Onge of Andaman Islands. The Eastern Anthropologist

     . 1990
     Ecocide or Genocide? The Onge in the Andaman Islands. Cultural Survival Quarterly 14(4):49-51.

     . 1992
     Study of Island Cultures and Ecology: A Perspective. Man in India 72(10):15-26.

Whitaker Romulus and Zai Whitaker. 1986
     The Andaman Tribes: Victims of Development. Cultural Survival Quarterly 10(2):13-18.

III.     Immigrant Populations ("Settlers") in the Andamans

Bhattacharya, S. K. 1989
     ABO Blood Groups in the Oraon: A Migrant Population in the Andamans. Journal of the Indian Anthropological
     Society 24:129-136.

Coomar, Palash Chandra and Manis Kumar Raha. 1989
     Family among the Bhantu of Andamans. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society 24:121-128.

Dhar, Bibhash. 1985
     Plural and Differential Acculturation at Port Blair. Anthropos 80(4-6):658-664.

Raha, Manis Kumar and Palash Chandra Coomar. 1989a
     Kinhip and Marriage among the Karens of Andaman Islands. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society

Raha, Manis Kumar and Palash Chandra Coomar. 1989b
     The Kinship Terms of the Bhantu of Andamans: Structural Analysis. Man in India xx

Sarkar, Kakali Das. 1987
     Linguistic Situation of Port Blair. Human Science 36(4):383-404.

Singh, K. S. 1991
     Island Anthropology Retrospect and Prospects. Man in India 71(4):545-569.

Sinha, A. K. 1986
     Chotanagpur Tribals of Baratang Island: A Brief Note. Journal of Social Research 29(2):73-79.

Venkatesan, D. 1991
     Pwakancho (Karen) of Andaman Islands: An Ethnographic Profile. Man and Life 17(3-4):151-158.

IV.     Ecology and Environment in the Andamans

Dagar, J. C. 1995
     Agroforestry Systems for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The International Tree Crops Journal 8(2-3):107.

Davidar, P. 1996
     Conservation Priorities for the Andaman Islands. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 93(3):555.

Khan, I. H. 1987
     Conservation of Endangered Marine Speciies in Andamans. Proceedings of the Symposium on Management of Coastal
     Ecosystems and Oceanic Resources in the Andamans, 18 July 1987. pp. 66-70. Port Blair, India.

Khatri, Niranjan. 1996
     The "4R" Environmental Model for Andaman and Nicobar. The Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly

Mahajan, A. U., C. S. Sunil Kumar, Pawan Kumar, B. Chakradhar, and S. D. Badrinath. 1996
     Environmental Quality Assessment of Port Blair in Andaman Islands. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Rao, G. C. 1987
     Effects of Exploitation and Pollution on Littoral Fauna in the Bay Islands. Proceedings of the Symposium on
     Management of Coastal Ecosystems and Oceanic Resources in the Andamans, 18 July 1987. pp. 28-39. Port Blair, India.

Rao, S. 1996
     Treasured Islands! An Environmental Handbook for Teachers.. title? in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. New Delhi:

Saldanha, C. J. 1989
     Andaman, Nicobar, and Lakshadweep: An Environmental Impact Assessment. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

     . 1993
     Conservation Strategies for the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of
     India 20(1):115-119.

Sinha, A. R. P. 1992
     Impacts of Growing Population and Tourism on the Endemic Flora of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Environmental
     Conservation 19(2):173-174+.

Whitaker, Romulus. 1994
     Some Environmental Issues Facing the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. In V. Suryanarayan and V. Sudarsen, eds.
     Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Challenges of Development. pp. 97-106. Delhi: Konark Publishers.

V.     The Andamans: Miscellaneous Topics

Goswami, B. 1982
     Development of Tourism in the Andaman Group of Islands. Geographical Review of India 44(4):71-75.

     Andamans are considered as a potential area of tourism in spite of their distance from the mainland.

Ray, I. 1985
     Water Transport versus Air Transport between A & N Island [and] Mainland: An Evaluation of Social Costs and
     Benefits. Indian Journal of Regional Science 17(1):51-64.

Wace, Barbara. 1980 spelling--Wade??
     Tourists Instead of Prisoners. Geographical Magazine 52(7):511-512.

 VI.     The Nicobar Islands
Awaradi, S. A.  1989
     People of the "Wood Age"--Crafts and Material Culture of the Shompen of the Great Nicobar Island. Journal of the
     Indian Anthropological Society 24:149-162.

Ganguly, Pranab. 1989
     The Incidence of Arcus Senilis in Nicobar Islands and the Nicobarese Food Habits. Journal of the Indian
     Anthropological Society 24:163-167.

Nair, N. G. and S. Mandal. 1989
        Anthropogenic Influence on the Flora of Car Nicobar Island. Journal of the Indian Anthropological Society

Rizvi, S. N. H. 1990
         The Shompen: A Vanishing Tribe of the Great Nicobar