PENNSYLVANIA 23 Electoral Votes
Bush-Cheney Gore-Lieberman
Campaign Campaign
Bush-Cheney Exec. Dir.: Duncan Campbell
...previously worked at Gov. Ridge's political action committee, the Ridge Leadership Fund.  Served as director of the Governor's Office of Labor-Management Cooperation from Dec. 1998; director of coalitions for the Ridge/Schweiker '98 campaign; special assistant to Mark Holman, Gov. Ridge's chief of staff; worked in Ridge's Washington, D.C., congressional office.
Field: Brian Grove (NE); John Mizner (NW), Tony Fratto (SW);
Tim Wachter 
(Field staff started in Sept.  Grove has worked for Ridge since graduating from university in 1995; Mizner served as Erie County GOP chair for several years; Fratto worked in DC for Sen. Rick Santorum, then as a lobbyist for Pittsburgh economic interests).
Office: 500 North 3rd Street, Ste. 600, Harrisburg

Victory 2000: David James

Republican State Committee of Penn.
Chairman: Alan Novak
Exec. Dir.: David James
Office: 112 State Street, Harrisburg

Gore-Lieberman State Director: Mardee Xifaras
...partner at Lang, Xifaras and Bullard in New Bedford, MA since 1985; previously senior assistant to Gov. Michael Dukakis.  Member of the Democratic National Committee since 1980 and has been a delegate to every Democratic National Convention since 1980.
Philadelphia: Cindy Bass  Press Secretary: Jill Strickland
117 N. 8th Street, 6th Floor, Philadelphia
W. State Director: Peter Greenberger 
1029 5th Ave, Pittsburgh

Coordinated Campaign Director: Jim DeMay 

Democratic State Committee of Penn.
Chairman: Christene Tartaglione
Exec. Dir.: Neil Cashman
Office: 510 North Third Street, Harrisburg

Candidate Travel (Aug. 1-Nov. 7)
GWB: 9 visits (includes Rep. Nat'l Convention)
DC: 7 visits (includes Rep. Nat'l Convention)
Candidate Travel (Aug. 1-Nov. 7)
AG: 10 visits
JL: 5 visits
Nov. 6-7 -- JL midnight rally at Warner Theater, Erie (NW PA).
Nov. 4 -- 1. (mid-day) GWB and LB w/ Colin Powell Victory 2000 rally at USX Hangar #8, Pittsburgh International Airport, Pittsburgh.  2. (mid-afternoon) GWB and LB Victory 2000 rally in the town square at Keswick Village, Glenside (Montgomery County-NW of Phil.). Nov. 4-5
Nov. 4 -- 1. AG addresses an evening GOTV rally at Wesley Center African Methodist Episcopalian Zion Church in Pittsburgh.  2. AG evening rally at IBEW Local # 5, Pittsburgh.  Overnights in Philadelphia.
Nov. 5 -- 1. AG addresses the Mount Carmel Baptist Church congregation (5732 Race St), Philadelphia.  2. AG addresses the Morris Brown AME Church congregation, Philadelphia.  3. AG rallies at Fairmont Park near Memorial Hall, Philadelphia.
Nov. 2-3
Nov. 2 -- DC Victory 2000 rally at the Agricultural Arena, Penn State University, State College (Centre County).
Nov. 3 -- DC Victory 2000 rally at Millersville University, Millersville (Lancaster County).
Nov. 2 -- JL night rally, tarmac, Latrobe Regional Airport, Latrobe (Westmoreland County--SW PA).
Nov. 1-2 
Nov. 1 -- AG evening rally at the historic iron furnace (Cedar and Mattes Streets), Scranton.  Overnights in Scranton. 
Nov. 2 -- AG speaks about big choices at Lackawanna Junior College in Scranton.           [NE PA]
Oct. 27 -- DC Victory 2000 rally at Gambal Athletic Center, Keystone College, La Plume (Scranton area). Oct. 27-28
Oct. 27 -- 1. AG gives major speech on the new economy and plans to extend prosperity..., Carnegie Library at Homestead, Munhall (Pittsburgh area).  2. AG rally, The Mall at Hamerschlag Hall, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.  3.  AG evening rally, the Stanley Avenue Playground, Fountain Hill (Lehigh County--Eastern PA).  AG overnights in Wilkes-Barre.
Oct. 28 -- AG speaks about the future of health care, Wilkes University Student Union, Wilkes-Barre (Luzerne County--NE PA).
Oct. 26 -- 1. (noon) GWB w/ General Colin Powell makes remarks at the Soldiers and Sailors Museum in Pittsburgh.  2. (late afternoon) GWB w/ General Colin Powell participates in Victory 2000 rally at Erie International Airport, Erie.
Oct. 21 -- AG speaks to voters at Martin Luther King High School gymnasium, Philadelphia.
Oct. 20-22
Oct. 20 -- 1. JL tours FreeMarkets (online company) and participates in a discussion with employees (210 6th Ave), Pittsburgh.  2. JL visits with seniors at Vintage Senior Center, Pittsburgh
(Oct. 21 -- Saturday). 
Oct. 22 -- 1. JL and HL attend DNC reception, private residence in Narbeth (Phil. area) ($).  2. JL and HL attend DNC dinner, private residence in Bryn Mawr ($).
Oct. 18 -- 1. DC remarks at Kennedy Auditorium, Saint Vincent College, Latrobe (Westmoreland County).  2. DC Victory 2000 welcome at Williamsport Municipal Airport, Williamsport (Lycoming County).
Oct. 12 -- GWB and LB One-on-One (continuing Greatest Generation theme) at Neshimany High School, Langhorne (Bucks County-N of Phil.).
Oct. 4 -- GWB and LB Victory 2000 rally in Hollinger Field House at West Chester University, West Chester (Chester County-E of Phil.).
Sept. 27 -- DC and LC (arrive Philadelphia International Airport on Sept. 26) w/ Gov. Ridge visit and give remarks on education at Academy Park High School in Sharon Hill (Delaware County-E of Phil.).
Sept. 22 -- AG discusses plans to lower oil prices, Local 712 Hall, Vanport (Pittsburgh area).
Sept. 19-20
Sept. 19 -- GWB airport arrival, Pittsburgh International Airport
Sept. 20 -- 1. GWB and LB One-on-One at The Great Hall (1001 Perry Highway) Ross Township (Pittsburgh area).  2. GWB and LB rally and FOP endorsement announcement, County of Delaware Gov't Center Bldg, Media (Phil. area).  3. GWB meets with Southeast Pennsylvania county chairmen.
Sept. 12 --1. (a.m.; arriving at Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport) DC discusses prescription drug coverage with local senior citizens at Independent Fire Company #1 in Kingston.  2. (afternoon; arriving at Pittsburgh International Airport) DC discusses prescription drug coverage with local senior citizens at The Baptist Homes of Western Pennsylvania, Pittsburgh.
Sept. 7-8
Sept. 7 -- GWB airport arrival Pittsburgh, Rally Mellon Square Park, Pittsburgh.
Sept. 8 -- GWB discusses Social Security reform, Marconi Communications, Warrendale (13 mi from Pittsburgh).
Sept. 7 -- AG speaks at Gentex Corp. in Carbondale (Lackawanna County--NE PA).
Sept. 6 -- DC speech on modernizing the military at Valley Forge Military Academy and College, Wayne (Delaware County).
Sept. 4-6  Eastern PA
Sept. 4 -- GWB airport arrival, Lehigh Valley International Airport, Allentown.
Sept. 5 -- 1. GWB speech on Medicare and prescription drugs, Gross Towers Senior Citizen's Center, Allentown.  2. GWB Republican Party of Pennsylvania luncheon, Holiday Inn, Bethelehem.  3. GWB speech on Medicare and prescription drugs, Community Medical Center, Scranton.  4. GWB Republican Party of Pennsylvania reception, Radisson Lackawanna Station Hotel, Scranton.
Sept. 6 -- GWB meets with family who would benefit under tax cut plan, attends rally, Scranton Int'l Airport, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton.
Sept. 4 -- "American Workathon" AG participates in a Labor Day rally with the Allegheny County Central Labor Council at Point State Park in Pittsburgh
Separate from Sept. 3 Philadelphia stop--after there Gore went to Flint, MI and Tampa Bay, before arriving in Pittsburgh.
Sept. 3 -- "American Workathon" AG and JL meet with construction workers during dinner break and speak to them at the Hyatt Regency construction site, Philadelphia.
Aug. 30 -- GWB airport arrival at Erie International Airport, remarks on Higher Education, Erie County Public Library, Erie.
Aug. 12 -- "Going the Distance Tour" Rally at the home of Silent Spring author Rachel Carson in Springdale (Allegheny County--western PA). 
Separate from Aug. 11 Bridgeport stop--after there Gore went to Detroit and NYC, before spending night of Aug. 11 in Pittsburgh.
Aug. 11 -- "Going the Distance Tour" AG and JL discuss issues important to working women and their families, Little Souls, Inc., Bridgeport (suburban Phil.).
Aug. 4 -- GWB and LB, DC and LC Victory 2000 "Change the Tone Tour" kickoff rally, Station Square, Pittsburgh.
Aug. 2-4 -- Republican National Convention in Philadelphia.
GWB and LB, DC and LC airport departure rally at Philadelphia North East Airport on Aug. 4
GWB and LB airport arrival at Philadelphia North East Airport on Aug. 2
Aug. 1 -- GWB and LB continue "Renewing America's Purpose" Tour at the State Capitol (East Wing Plaza), Harrisburg.
July 29-Aug. 4 -- DC arrives in Philadelphia for the Republican National Convention on July 29 and remains there through Aug. 4.
A Sampling of More Campaign Activity A Sampling of More Campaign Activity
Nov. 3 -- Former First Lady Barbara Bush: 1. Victory 2000 Brunch at Westin William Penn Hotel in Pittsburgh; 2. Victory 2000 Rally at the Christian Life Center in Bensalem (Bucks County); 3. Victory 2000 Airport Rally at Reading Regional Airport (Berks County).
Oct. 30 -- Lynne Cheney visits Mrs. Molino's fourth grade class at Montgomery Avenue Elementary School in West Pittston (between Wilkes-Barre and Scranton); rallies at Morrisons Cove Memorial Park in Martinsburg and also visits Ritchey's Dairy (Blair County).
Oct. 26 -- Former President George H.W. Bush Victory 2000 rally at Cedar Crest College in Allentown; rally at Widener University in Chester; Chester County GOP fall reception at the Mendenhall Inn.
Oct. 25 -- "Barnstorm for Reform" tour -- Govs. Whitman (NJ), Pataki (NY) and Thompson (WI) and Texas Democrat former Rep. Hugo Berlanga visit Harrisburg, Allentown (Lehigh University) and Scranton.
Oct. 23 -- "Barnstorm for Reform" tour -- Govs. Rowland (CT, Janklow (SD), Racicot (MT) and Pataki (NY) and Texas Democrat Sandy Kress visit Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.
Oct. 20 -- Lynne Cheney campaigns in Schuylkill County (Eastern PA) including a rally in Primrose; later speaks at St. Barnabas Retirement Center in Richland (near Pittsburgh).
Oct. 19 -- Former First Lady Barbara Bush, Laura Bush and Lynne Cheney on "W Stands for Women" tour stop at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia.
Sept. 22 -- Lynne Cheney keynote speaker at Republican State Committee of Pennsylvania's Annual Lincoln Day Dinner at the Harrisburg Hilton and Towers in Harrisburg.

NRA  -- Two visits by NRA President Charleton Heston, Exec. VP Wayne LaPierre and chief lobbyist James Jay Baker on Get Out the Vote tours. (1) Rallies at the Palace Inn in Monroeville (Allegheny County), in Hershey (w/ Gov. Ridge), and in the Scranton/Wilkes Barre area on Oct. 18.  (2) Rally at the Rainbow Gardens in Erie on Oct. 31.

Nov. 7 -- Jesse Jackson rallies voters in Philadelphia before the polls close.
Nov. 6 -- Karenna Gore Schiff speaks at Penn State University in State College.
Nov. 5 -- African-American leaders on behalf of the Gore campaign hold "Your Vote Counts, Democratic Unity" rally at Vine Memorial Baptist Church in Philadelphia (part of seven-city, three day tour).
Oct. 31 -- Hadassah Lieberman visits Aiken Elementary School in Green Tree and rallies at Laborers Union Local 833 in New Brighton.
Oct. 27 -- Hadassah Lieberman attends GOTV rally at Jenkintown Square in Jenkintown.
Oct. 26 -- Tipper Gore addresses supporters and undecided voters at Chess Park in Monongahela.
Oct. 23 -- Hadassah Lieberman joins Democratic leaders to kick off the "Women on a Roll" GOTV bus tour at North Huntingdon Municipal Building; greets supporters at the Airport in Latrobe; talks with working women at Market Place Grill in Erie.
Oct. 5 -- In Philadelphia, Karenna Gore Schiff addresses activists at the University of Pennsylvania, then joins supporters at Mad Mex to watch the VP debate.
Oct. 3 -- In Pittsburgh, Hadassah Lieberman tours apprenticeship training facility at IBEW Local No. 5; meets with members of the Eastern European community at law offices of Burns, White & Hickton.
Sept. 12 -- Tipper Gore, joined by Mayor Stephen Reed, addresses supporters at Whitaker Center for the Arts, Sciences and Education in Harrisburg.  Later in the afternoon she tours Goldenberg Candy Company in Philadelphia.
Aug. 24 -- In Pittsburgh, Karenna Gore Schiff (filling in for Tipper Gore due to illness) holds a roundtable discussion on women's issues at 1902 Landmark Tavern, then tours Market Square; later she meets with local African American community members at The Hill House.  In Erie she addresses local supporters at East High School.

AFL-CIO -- AFL-CIO Secretary Treasurer Richard Trumka led a bus tour through Western Pennsylvania on Nov. 5-6, stopping along the way for get out the vote rallies and worksite leafleting.

Television Television
According to the Campaign Media Analysis Group (CMAG Eye, Jan. 2001 and Nov./Dec. 2000) during the general election the Bush campaign and the RNC ran 12,300 ads in Pennsylvania, third most behind Florida (21,400) and Ohio (13,300); this accounted for an estimated 14% of total Bush/RNC ad spending, second only to Florida (17%). 

According to the Brennan Center for Justice (Nov. 21, 2000 report) spending in Pennsylvania on TV advertising by the Bush campaign, Republican party and supportive groups in the period from June 1 to Nov. 7, 2000 totaled $12,899,103.

According to the Campaign Media Analysis Group (CMAG Eye, Jan. 2001 and Nov./Dec. 2000) during the general election the Gore campaign and the DNC ran 14,400 ads in Pennsylvania, more than in any other state; this accounted for an estimated 20% of total Gore/DNC ad spending, higher than in any state.

According to the Brennan Center for Justice (Nov. 21, 2000 report) spending in Pennsylvania on TV advertising by the Gore campaign, Democratic party and supportive groups in the period from June 1 to Nov. 7, 2000 totaled $15,446,054.

Some Newspaper Endorsements Some Newspaper Endorsements
The Morning Call (Allentown) --10/29/00 
Scranton Times --10/29/00
Erie Times-News  --10/27/00 
Harrisburg Patriot News
Altoona Mirror
Pittsburgh Tribune Review
Johnstown Tribune Democrat
The Herald-Standard
Philadelphia Inquirer --10/29/00
Philadelphia Daily News --10/27/00
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette --10/29/00
Beaver County Times --10/26/00
York Daily Record --10/29/00

Miscellaneous Notes Miscellaneous Notes
Although Bush failed to win this battleground state, Republicans point to a number of positives.  First, Gore did not have coattails; Republicans ended up controlling both houses of the General Assembly, and Rick Santorum was re-elected to the U.S. Senate.  Also of note ("absolutely huge" is how one Republican party operative described it) Bush carried Westmoreland County, in the southwestern part of the state by 80,585 to 71,972 votes. In addition to the 348,223 vote margin in Philadelphia county, Gore carried the three surrounding counties, Montgomery, Bucks and Delaware; by contrast in the U.S. Senate race, Rick Santorum (R) prevailed in those counties:
Bucks Gore: 132,914
Bush: 121,927
Santorum plurality 40,000 votes
Delaware Gore: 134,861
Bush: 105,836
Santorum plurality
23,000 votes
Montgomery Gore: 177,990
Bush: 145,623
Santorum plurality
34,000 votes

Overall Gore carried nine counties in eastern Pennsylvania running from Philadelphia up to Scranton and eight counties along the western edge of the state (all except Crawford county -- Meadville).  He also carried one county in west-central (Cambria County -- Ebensburg). 

The principals visited the East and the West seeking votes:
Eastern PA
Bush: Aug. 2-4-- Philadelphia.  Sept. 4-6-- Allentown, Bethelehem, Scranton.  Sept. 20-- Media (Delaware County).  Oct. 4-- West Chester (Chester County).  Oct. 12-- Langhorne (Bucks County).  Nov. 4-- Glenside (Montgomery County).
Cheney: July 31-Aug. 4-- Philadelphia.  Sept. 6-- Wayne (Delaware County).  Sept. 12-- Kingston (Scranton area).  Sept. 27-- Sharon Hill (Delaware County).  Oct. 27-- La Plume (Scranton area).  Nov. 3-- Millersville (Lancaster County).

Western PA
Bush: Aug. 4-- Pittsburgh.  Aug. 30-- Erie.  Sept. 7-8-- Pittsburgh, Warrendale.  Sept. 19/20-- Pittsburgh/Ross Township.  Oct. 26-- Pittsburgh, Erie.  Nov. 4-- Pittsburgh.
Cheney: Aug. 4-- Pittsburgh (w/GWB).  Sept. 12-- Pittsburgh.  Oct. 18-- Latrobe (Westmoreland County).

Central PA
Bush: Aug. 1-- Harrisburg.
Cheney: Oct. 18-- Williamsport (Lycoming County).  Nov. 2-- State College (Centre County).

The principals visited the East and the West seeking votes:
Eastern PA
Gore: Aug. 11-- Bridgeport (suburban Phil.).  Sept. 3-- Philadelphia.  Sept. 7-- Carbondale (Lackawanna County).  Oct. 21-- Philadelphia.  Oct. 27-28-- Fountain Hill (Lehigh County); Wilkes-Barre (Luzerne County).  Nov. 1-2-- Scranton.  Nov. 5-- Philadelphia.
Lieberman: Sept. 3-- Philadelphia (w/AG).  Oct. 22-- Narbeth (Phil. area) and Bryn Mawr. 

Western PA
Gore: Aug. 12-- Springdale (Allegheny County).  Sept. 4-- Pittsburgh.  Sept. 22-- Vanport (Pittsburgh area).  Oct. 27-- Munhall (Pittsburgh Area) and Pittsburgh.  Nov. 4-- Pittsburgh.
Lieberman: Oct. 20-- Pittsburgh.  Nov. 2-- Latrobe (Westmoreland County).  Nov. 6/7-- Erie. 


Ralph Nader visited Pennsylvania five times in the fall campaign:

He was in Philadelphia during the Republican National Convention; on Aug. 2 he addressed the National Youth Forum at Drexel University and held a news conference on the floor of the Republican National Convention (brought in by Democracy NOW!).

On Aug. 29 he met with United Electrical Workers of America at the Avalon Hotel in Erie.

On Sept. 26 he held a press conference at the Downtown Hilton and Towers in Harrisburg and did three events in Pittsburgh: a press conference at Windham Gargen Hotel University Place; a dinner and reception ($100 contribution) at Unitarian Universalist Church, and a speech on "Globalization and Free Trade: The Human Perspective" at Carnegie Mellon University.

In Philadelphia on Oct. 28, as part of a PA, NJ, NY swing he did a rally and press conference at First Unitarian Church at 2125 Chestnut Street.

Finally, Nader wrapped up his campaign with a press conference near the Liberty Bell in Philadelphia on Nov. 7.

Nader State Coordinator: John Stith of State College.

Two events in Pittsburgh on Sept. 21: speech and Q&A at North Hills Christian Academy in Sewickley and visits The Catholic Store (also serves as the local Buchanan headquarters) in Bloomfield.

Town hall meeting at Lehigh University in Bethelehem on Oct. 6.

Media availabilities in Philadelphia on evening of Nov. 4 and early morning of Nov. 5.

Media availabilities in Pittsburgh early morning on Nov. 6.

Harry Browne visited Philadelphia Oct. 26-27.  On Oct. 26 he did media interviews and an evening event.  On Oct. 27 he did media interviews and an early evening fundraiser at a private home in Haverford.

Howard Phillips campaigned in Pennsylvania for several days on Oct. 23-25.  Scheduled Oct. 23 appearances included Philadelphia, Scranton, and Lancaster area (rally/fundraiser at Hershey Farm Restaurant in Strasburg), Oct. 24 stops included York, Harrisburg, Lock Haven and State College, and on Oct. 25 he planned to be in Ridgeway, New Bethelehem and the Pittsburgh area.  Phillips finished ahead of Harry Browne in Pennsylvania.

Copyright 2000, 2001  Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action.