universe offers a wealth of different sources of information about the
presidential campaign: wire services, the networks, local news, cable,
radio, newspapers, newsmagazines, opinion magazines, and the Internet,
among others. For any given medium, information about the campaign can
be packaged in a variety of ways. For example, on a network there are
flagship evening newscasts, morning shows, magazine programs, Sunday
newsmaker programs, occasional specials, and so forth. Similarly, in a
newspaper one finds hard news articles, news analysis, long features,
"Style"-type pieces, photographs, columns, editorials, and editorial
Just as campaigns vie for support from voters, news organizations seek to gain loyalty of viewers, readers and surfers. Promos in their own pages or broadcasts, or ads placed in other media highlight programming and personalities and establish brand identity.
A campaign unfolds along a fixed chronological path, with clear markers along the way, and there are only so many approaches a news organization can take in covering it. There are, however, huge differences in the quality and consistency of coverage.
Among the factors that affect the quality and quantity of news and election coverage a particular outlet presents are the available resources (financial, talent, equipment, and commitment), the needs of advertisers and the audience, established news practices, habits and conventions, the peculiarities of individual media, and technology. Thus a local newspaper has a set of strengths and weaknesses that differ from those of a major network. Depending on the ideological biases of the publisher and the editorial staff, information may also be slanted toward or against various viewpoints.
As a news consumer you should avail yourself of a number of different sources, including some you might not normally look at. Think critically about what you are reading or viewing and how well it portrays the reality of a situation or event.
Organization and Focus
Media on Media
Many Other Aspects
2000 Coverage--Sites and Portals
CNN.com Election 2000
Washington Post's On Politics--Post Series
NPR Online Election 2000
NewsHour with Jim Lehrer's Election 2000
Christian Science Monitor's White House 2000
Yahoo's Presidential Elections 2000, Full Coverage
BBC News' Vote USA 2000
L.A. Times' Campaign 2000
Associated Press's Election 2000
MTV's Choose or Lose
Professional Cartoonist Index-"Campaign 2000"
Transcripts of CNN's Inside Politics
Frontline's "The Choice 2000"
|Alliance for Better Campaign's
Hess Report on Campaign Coverage in Nightly Network News (The Brookings Institution)
Center for Media and Public Affairs--Election Watch
Alliance for Better Campaigns--"Broadcast Television & Campaign 2000: Millions from Ads, Seconds for Discourse" (6/13/00)
Committee of Concerned Journalists--"ePolitics: A Study of the 2000 Presidential Campaign on the Internet" (4/10/00)
Project for Excellence in Journalism--"Election Coverage 2000"
PBS's Democracy Project Releases: 11/29/99, 3/16/00
Best Practices 2000 (Wisconsin Public Television)
Headline, Photo Coverage of the Democratic National Convention
Headline, Photo Coverage of the Republican National Convention
Primary Debate Coverage by Newspapers
Alexandra Pelosi, co-produced and edited by Aaron Lubarsky. March 2002. "JOURNEYS WITH
GEORGE: A home movie by Alexandra Pelosi." >>
Eric Boehlert. "The Press vs. Al Gore." Rolling Stone, Dec. 6-13, 2001.
Concord Monitor's 2000 Presidential Primary
nh.com's Primary Newstand
New Hampshire Public Radio's New Hampshire Presidential Primary
Union Leader's New Hampshire Primary.com
WMUR-TV 9's Campaign 2000
Des Moines Register's Iowa Caucuses
The Gazette (Cedar Rapids)'s Iowa Caucus 2000 Journal
Lee Enterprises' Iowa Pulse
"Lethargy '96: How The Media Covered a Listless Campaign" (The Freedom Forum First Amendment Center)
The Freedom Forum's Campaign 96 Reports
Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania's "Media and the Dialogue of Democracy"
Frontline's "The Choice"
Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000 Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action.