Early Endorsements by Congressmen, Senators and Governors
updated Jan. 1, 2008  alpha by state  See also By Feb. 5 EndorsementsTimeline.
This list shows leading officials who endorsed before the first votes were cast in the Jan. 3, 2008 Iowa caucuses based on releases from the campaigns and review of news accounts.  Early endorsements are important because they help boost a candidate's credibility.  Other officials remained neutral or waited until the race became clearer.

Governors endorsing: 20 - Giuliani (1), Huckabee (1), McCain (3), Romney (3); Biden (1), Clinton (8), Obama (3) ...and 1 running.
U.S. Senators endorsing: 37 - Giuliani (3), McCain (11)*, Romney (6)*, FThompson (4); Biden (1), Clinton (10), Obama (2), Richardson (1)...and 5 (formerly 6) running.
U.S. House members endorsing: at least 226...
-Republicans: 97 + PR: Giuliani (21+PR), Huckabee (4), Hunter (6), McCain (19)*, Romney (32)*, FThompson (15) and 2 (formerly 3) running.
-Democrats: 129 + AS, USVI: Clinton (67+USVI), Dodd (9), Edwards (16), Obama (31+AS), Richardson (6)...and 1 running.
Note. There may be a few omissions; the Obama campaign in particular did not generally trumpet its endorsements.

see also: endorsements in 2004 and 2000


R E P U B L I C A N S
GIULIANI  |  HUCKABEE  |  HUNTER  |  McCAIN  |  ROMNEY  |  F.THOMPSON

Giuliani
Gov. Rick Perry (TX)  (Oct. 17, 2007)  +

U.S. Sen. David Vitter (LA)  (Mar. 13, 2007)  +
U.S. Sen. Norm Coleman (MN)  (Nov. 1, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Kit Bond (MO)  (Nov. 2, 2007)

U.S. Rep. George Radanovich (CA-19)  (Mar. 29, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Devin Nunes (CA-21)  (Feb. 9, 2007)
U.S. Rep. David Dreier (CA-26)  (Feb. 13, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (CA-40)  (Mar. 24, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jerry Lewis (CA-41)  (Mar. 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mary Bono (CA-45)  (reported by the Desert Sun [Palm Springs] on Jan. 24, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jerry Weller (IL-11)  (July 30, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Judy Biggert (IL-13)  (July 30, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Charles Boustany (LA-7) (Mar. 26, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Candice Miller (MI-10) (Feb. 8, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. Jo Ann Emerson (MO-8) (Oct. 22, 2007) 
U.S. Rep. Jon Porter (NV-3)  (Apr. 27, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Frank LoBiondo (NJ-2)  (Mar. 9, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Peter King (NY-3)  (Newsday, Jan. 30, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Vito Fossella (NY-13) (Newsday, Jan. 30, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jim Walsh (NY-25)  (Mar. 7, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Phil English (PA-3)  (July 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jim Gerlach (PA-6)  (July 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Charlie Dent (PA-15)  (Feb. 22, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. Pete Sessions (TX-32) (Newsday, Jan. 30, 2007; announced Feb. 12, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Dave Reichert (WA-8)  (June 15, 2007)
and
U.S. Rep. Luis G. Fortuño (PR) (August 2, 2007)
 

Huckabee
Gov. Mike Rounds (SD)  (Mar. 24, 2007)

U.S. Rep. Don Young (AK)  (Feb. 23, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. John Boozman (AR-3)  (Feb. 23, 2007)
U.S. Rep. John Linder (GA-7)  (Nov. 11, 2007; earlier backed Romney)  +
U.S. Rep. Bob Inglis (SC-4)  (Nov. 21, 2007)
 

Hunter
U.S. Rep. Terry Everett (AL-2) (Jan. 25, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. Trent Franks (AZ-2)  (Oct. 30, 2006)  +
U.S. Rep. C.W. Bill Young (FL-10) (Feb. 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jim Saxton (NJ-3)
U.S. Rep. Ralph Hall (TX-4)  (from the start)
U.S. Rep. John Culberson (TX-7)
 

McCain
Gov. Mitch Daniels (IN)  (Feb. 22, 2007)
Gov. Tim Pawlenty (MN)  (Jan. 15, 2007)
Gov. Jon Huntsman, Jr. (UT)  (July 2006)

U.S. Sen. Jon Kyl (AZ)  (Dec. 28, 2006; reported in the Arizona Republic)
U.S. Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-CT)  (Dec. 17, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Sam Brownback (KS)  (Nov. 7, 2007) +
U.S. Sen. Olympia Snowe (ME)  (Jan. 29, 2007)  +
U.S. Sen. Susan Collins (ME)  (Jan. 29, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Trent Lott (MS)*
U.S. Sen. Richard Burr (NC)  (Mar. 9, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Gordon Smith (OR)  (Aug. 9, 2006)
U.S. Sen. Lindsey Graham (SC)
U.S. Sen. John Thune (SD)  (Feb. 19, 2007)
U.S. Sen. John Warner (VA)  (Feb. 26, 2007)
*Lott resigned effective Dec. 19, 2007.

U.S. Rep. Spencer Bachus (AL-6) (Jan. 25, 2007)  +
??U.S. Rep. Rick Renzi (AZ-1)  (see for ex. Jan. 10 article in The Hill; however Renzi, under investigation, is not on the list on McCain's website)
U.S. Rep. John Shadegg (AZ-3)  (The Hill reports Jan. 10, 2007 that "he hads been buttonholing fellow House Republicans on the Arizona senator's behalf")
U.S. Rep. Jeff Flake  (AZ-6) (Dec. 28, 2006; reported in Arizona Republic)
U.S. Rep. Dan Lungren (CA-3)  (Jan. 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Christopher Shays (CT-4)  (Feb. 8, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mike Castle (DE)  (Feb. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Ric Keller (FL-8)  (Feb. 6, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (FL-18)  (Feb. 1, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Lincoln Diaz-Balart (FL-21)  (Feb. 1, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart (FL-25)  (Feb. 1, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Peter Roskam (IL-6)  (Nov. 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mark Kirk (IL-10)  (Jan. 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Ray LaHood (IL-18)  (for ex. Jan. 10 article in The Hill)
U.S. Rep. John Shimkus (IL-19)  (Jan. 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Fred Upton (MI-6)  (Jan. 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Chip Pickering (MS-3)  (Feb. 22, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Steven LaTourette (OH-14) (Feb. 7, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Todd Platts (PA-19)  (Mar. 22, 2007)
 

Romney
Gov. Matt Blunt (MO)  (Dec. 5, 2006)
Gov. Dave Heineman (NE)  (Dec. 13, 2007)
Gov. Don Carcieri (RI)  (Mar. 13, 2007)

U.S. Sen. Wayne Allard (CO)  (Apr. 16, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Larry Craig (ID)  (Feb. 8, 2007) 
[Craig resigned campaign position Sept. 1, 2007]
U.S. Sen. Judd Gregg (NH)  (Oct. 29, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Jim DeMint (SC)  (Jan. 9, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Bob Bennett (UT)  (Feb. 8, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Orrin Hatch (UT) (Mar. 19, 2007)

U.S. Rep. Mike Rogers (AL-3)
U.S. Rep. Robert B. Aderholt (AL-4)  (Feb. 6, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Wally Herger (CA-2)  (Dec. 21, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Howard "Buck" McKeon (CA-25) (Jan. 17, 2007)
U.S. Rep. John Campbell (CA-48)
U.S. Rep. Tom Tancredo (CO-6)  (Dec. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Ginny Brown-Waite (FL-5)
U.S. Rep. Connie Mack (FL-14)  (Oct. 17, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tom Feeney (FL-24)  (Jan. 19, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jack Kingston (GA-1)  (Dec. 18, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tom Price (GA-6)
U.S. Rep. John Linder (GA-7)   (Feb. 6, 2007) 
U.S. Rep. Phil Gingrey (GA-11)
U.S. Rep. Mike Simpson (ID-2)
U.S. Rep. and Former Speaker Dennis Hastert (IL-14)*  (Jan. 23, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Ed Whitfield (KY-1)  (Feb. 2, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Ron Lewis (KY-2)  (Feb. 2, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Hal Rogers (KY-5)  (Feb. 2, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Jim McCrery (LA-4)  (Jan. 17, 2007) +, +
U.S. Rep. Rodney Alexander (LA-5)
U.S. Rep. Pete Hoekstra (MI-2)  (Jan. 24, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Vernon Ehlers (MI-3)  (Aug. 14, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Dave Camp (MI-4)  (Jan. 17, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Joe Knollenberg (MI-9)  (Aug. 23, 2006...first to announce)
U.S. Rep. Virginia Foxx (NC-5)  (Dec. 21, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Ralph Regula (OH-16)
U.S. Rep. Bill Shuster (PA-9)
U.S. Rep. John Duncan Jr. (TN-2)  (Duncan threw his support behind Romney in late Jan./early Feb. 2007, but on Mar. 19, 2007 was announced as a co-chair of Draft Fred Thompson and has said he will support Thompson if he gets in the race).
U.S. Rep. Marsha Blackburn (TN-7)  (announced as a senior advisor to Romney on Jan. 5, 2007; switched support to not-yet-announced probable candidate former Sen. Fred Thompson on May 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mike Conaway (TX-11)  (Mar. 7, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Kay Granger (TX-12)  (Sept. 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Lamar Smith (TX-21)  (July 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. John Carter (TX-31)  (Dec. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Chris Cannon (UT-3)  (Nov. 1, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tom Petri (WI-6)  (Aug. 27, 2007)
*Hastert resigned effective Nov. 26, 2007.
 

F.Thompson
U.S. Sen. Thad Cochran (MS)  (Sept. 13, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Jim Inhofe (OK)  (Oct. 10, 2007) +
U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander (TN)
U.S. Sen. Bob Corker (TN)

U.S. Rep. Jeff Miller (FL-1)  (May 15, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Adam Putnam (FL-12)  (June 5, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Dan Manzullo (IL-16)  (May 15, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Steve Buyer (IN-4)  (May 31, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Steve King (IA-5) (Dec. 17, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Thaddeus McCotter (MI-11) (see June 21, 2007 The Hill)
U.S. Rep. Roger Wicker (MS-1)  (Sept. 6, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Lee Terry (NE-2)
U.S. Rep. John Sullivan (OK-1)  (Oct. 10, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Gresham Barrett (SC-3) (May 15, 2007/Sept. 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. David Davis (TN-1)
U.S. Rep. John J. Duncan, Jr. (TN-2)*  (March 19, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Marsha Blackburn (TN-7)*  (May 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Zach Wamp (TN-3)  (Mar. 19, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Louie Gohmert (TX-1) 
See. Jonathan Allen.  "Some House Backers of Thompson Are Starting to Lose the Faith."  CQ, Nov. 19, 2007.
 

Paul
none
 

former
Brownback
U.S. Rep. Todd Tiahrt (KS-4)  (from the beginning of the campaign)
??U.S. Sen. Pat Roberts
 

Tancredo
none

D E M O C R A T S
BIDEN  |  CLINTON  |  DODD  |  EDWARDS  |  OBAMA  |  RICHARDSON

Biden
Gov. Ruth Ann Minner (DE)  +

U.S. Sen. Tom Carper (DE)
 

Clinton
Gov. Mike Beebe (AR)  (Aug. 20, 2007)
Gov. John Baldacci (ME)  (Dec. 15, 2007)
Gov. Martin O'Malley (MD)  (April 9, 2007)
Gov. Jennifer Granholm (MI)  (Oct. 19, 2007)
Gov. Jon Corzine (NJ)  (April 2, 2007)
Gov. Eliot Spitzer (NY)  (May 14, 2007)
Gov. Ted Kulongoski (OR)  (Dec. 13, 2007)
Gov. Ted Strickland (OH)  (Nov. 9, 2007)

U.S. Sen. Mark Pryor (AR)  (June 22, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein (CA) (July 25, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Daniel Inouye (HI)  (May 25, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Evan Bayh (IN)  (Sept. 24, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Debbie Stabenow (MI)  (Sept. 14, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Barbara Mikulski (MD)  (April 24, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez (NJ)  (June 12, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Chuck Schumer (NY)  (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (RI) (June 6, 2007)
U.S. Sen. Maria Cantwell (WA) (Dec. 31, 2007)

U.S. Rep. Marion Berry (AR-1)  (June 22, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Vic Snyder (AR-2)  (June 22, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mike Ross (AR-4)  (June 22, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Doris Matsui (CA-5)  (May 16, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Lynn Woolsey (CA-6)  (Dec. 27, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Ellen Tauscher (CA-10) (July 18, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tom Lantos (CA-12)  (early 2007)
U.S. Rep. Dennis Cardoza (CA-18) (Dec. 8, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Brad Sherman (CA-27)  (Nov. 27, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Hilda Solis (CA-32)  (Oct. 17, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Diane Watson (CA-33  (Sept. 27, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard (CA-34)  (June 27, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jane Harman (CA-36)  (July 18, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Laura Richardson (CA-37) (Sept. 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Grace Napolitano (CA-38) (early 2007)
U.S. Rep. Diana DeGette (CO-1)  (Nov. 26, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown (FL-3)  (June 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Kendrick Meek (FL-17)  (June 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (FL-20)  (Feb. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Alcee Hastings (FL-23)  (Feb. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. John Lewis (GA-5)  (Oct. 12, 2007)
U.S. Rep. David Scott (GA-13)  (Oct, 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Leonard Boswell (IA-3)  (Dec. 14, 2007)
U.S. Rep. C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger (MD-2) (June 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Richard Neal (MA-2)  (May 8, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Jim McGovern (MA-3)  (Mar. 29, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Barney Frank (MA-4)  (Nov. 13, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Stephen Lynch (MA-9)  (Oct. 26, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Emanuel Cleaver II (MO-5) (Aug. 21, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Rob Andrews (NJ-1)  (April 2, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Frank Pallone, Jr. (NJ-6) (April 2, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Bill Pascrell (NJ-8)  (Aug. 16, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Donald Payne (NJ-10)  (Jan. 1, 2008)
U.S. Rep. Albio Sires (NJ-13)  (June 22, 2007)
...including all 23 NY Democratic House members
U.S. Rep. Tim Bishop (NY-1)
U.S. Rep. Steve Israel (NY-2)  (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Carolyn McCarthy (NY-4) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Gary Ackerman (NY-5)
U.S. Rep. Gregory Meeks (NY-6)  (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Joseph Crowley (NY-7) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Jerrold Nadler (NY-8)  (April 28, 2006)
U.S. Rep. Anthony Weiner (NY-9) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Edolphus Towns (NY-10) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Yvette Clarke (NY-11)  (July 10, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Nydia Velazquez (NY-12) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Carolyn Maloney (NY-14) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Charles Rangel (NY-15)  (March 4, 2007 "Fox News Sunday")
U.S. Rep. Jose Serrano (NY-16)  (Dec. 13, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Eliot Engel (NY-17)  (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Nita Lowey (NY-18)  (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. John Hall (NY-19)  (April 9, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Kirsten Gillibrand (NY-20)
U.S. Rep. Michael McNulty (NY-21) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Maurice Hinchey (NY-22)(May 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Michael Arcuri (NY-24) (Jan. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Brian Higgins (NY-27) (Dec. 8, 2006 Daily News)
U.S. Rep. Louise Slaughter (NY-28)
U.S. Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (OH-11) (support for presidential run goes back several years)
U.S. Rep. Darlene Hooley (OR-5)  (Aug. 6, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Joe Sestak (PA-7)  (May 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Allyson Schwartz (PA-13) (Mar. 19, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jim Langevin (RI-2)  (June 1, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Ruben Hinojosa (TX-15) (formally announced June 15, 2007; known earlier)
U.S. Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (TX-18) (May 14, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Henry Cuellar (TX-28)(June 15, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jay Inslee (WA-1)  (June 21, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tammy Baldwin (WI-2)  (Aug. 2, 2007)
and
Delegate to Congress Donna M. Christensen (USVI)  (Sept. 16, 2007)
 

Dodd
U.S. Rep. Anna Eshoo (CA-14)
U.S. Rep. Sam Farr (CA-17)  (see Aug. 23, 2007 Hollister Free Lance)
U.S. Rep. Xavier Becerra (CA-31) (is a national co-chair)
U.S. Rep. John Larson (CT-1)  (from the time of his announcement)
U.S. Rep. Joe Courtney (CT-2)  (from the time of his announcement)
U.S. Rep. Rosa DeLauro (CT-3) (from the time of his announcement)
U.S. Rep. Chris Murphy (CT-5)   (Jan. 12, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tim Ryan (OH-17)  (Oct. 4, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Patrick Kennedy (RI-1) (Feb. 5, 2007) +
 

Edwards
U.S. Rep. Raul Grijalva (AZ-7) (...wrote ea. Feb. 2007 letter to DNC members)
U.S. Rep. Bruce Braley (IA-1)  (Dec. 3, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Mike Michaud (ME-2)  (Oct. 19, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Bart Stupak (MI-1)  (April 21, 2007 at the Michigan Democratic Party's Jefferson-Jackson Day Dinner)
U.S. Rep. Jim Oberstar (MN-8)  (Mar. 29, 2007)
...including endorsements of all seven NC Democratic congressmen announced Mar. 8, 2007
U.S. Rep. G.K Butterfield (NC-1)
U.S. Rep. Bob Etheridge (NC-2)
U.S. Rep. David Price (NC-4)
U.S. Rep.  Mike McIntyre (NC-7)
U.S. Rep.  Heath Shuler (NC-11)
U.S. Rep.  Mel Watt (NC-12)
U.S. Rep. Brad Miller (NC-13)
U.S. Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin (SD) (April 16, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Charlie Gonzalez (TX-20)  (Mar. 7, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson (TX-30) (...wrote Jan. 31, 2007 letter to DNC members)
U.S. Rep. David Obey (WI-7)  (Mar. 27, 2007)
 

Obama
Gov. Rod Blagojevich (IL)  (Feb. 10, 2007) +
Gov. Deval Patrick (MA)  (reported Oct. 17, 2007; event Oct. 23)
Gov. Tim Kaine (VA)  (Feb. 17, 2007)

U.S. Sen. Dick Durbin (IL)  (in Nov. 2006 Durbin posted a "Run, Barack, Run!" petition on his website)
U.S. Sen. Kent Conrad (ND)  (Dec. 29, 2007)

U.S. Rep. Artur Davis (AL-7)  (Jan. 16, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Robert Wexler (FL-19) (Mar. 1, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. Sanford Bishop (GA-2) (Sept. 10, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Hank Johnson (GA-4)  (July 30, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Neil Abercrombie (HI-1) (from day one according to a spokesperson; Abercrombie knew Obama's family before he was born)
U.S. Rep. Dave Loebsack (IA-2) (Dec. 17, 2007) +
...including 8 out of the 10 IL Democratic House members
U.S. Rep. Bobby Rush (IL-1)  (reported by CBS News on Jan. 27, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jesse L. Jackson Jr. (IL-2)
U.S. Rep. Luis V. Gutierrez (IL-4)
U.S. Rep. Danny Davis (IL-7)
U.S. Rep. Melissa Bean (IL-8)
U.S. Rep. Jan Schakowsky (IL-9)
U.S. Rep. Jerry Costello (IL-12)
U.S. Rep. Phil Hare (IL-17)
U.S. Rep. Elijah Cummings (MD-7)
U.S. Rep. Bill Delahunt (MA-10) (Dec. 27, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. John Conyers (MI-14)  (May 12, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Rep. Betty McCollum (MN-4)  (reported by Minnesota Public Radio on Dec. 12, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Keith Ellison (MN-5)  (reported by the Star Tribune on Feb. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. William Lacy Clay (MO-1)  (May 11, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Russ Carnahan (MO-3)  (May 11, 2007; first reported by the St. Louis American on May 9)
U.S. Rep. Carol Shea-Porter (NH-1) (Dec. 11, 2007) +
U.S. Rep. Paul Hodes (NH-2)  (July 26, 2007)  +
U.S. Rep. Steve Rothman (NJ-9)  (July 25, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Chaka Fattah (PA-2)  (Dec. 18, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Patrick Murphy (PA-8)  (Aug. 21, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Jim Cooper (TN-5)
U.S. Rep. Al Green (TX-9)  (see for example the Houston Chronicle June 26, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Robert C. "Bobby" Scott (VA-3) (Dec. 20, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Adam Smith (WA-9)  (Feb. 2007)
U.S. Rep. Gwen Moore (WI-4)  (reported by The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel on April 22, 2007)
and 
Delegate to Congress Eni Faleomavaega (AS)
 

Richardson
U.S. Sen. Jeff Bingaman (NM)  (reported by Albuquerque Tribune on Jan. 22, 2007)

U.S. Rep. Ed Pastor (AZ-4)  (May 2, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Tom Udall (NM-3)  (reported by Albuquerque Tribune on Jan. 22, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Mike Doyle (PA-14)  (announced June 14, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Silvestre Reyes (TX-16) (announced May 18, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Solomon Ortiz (TX-27)  (announced June 14, 2007)
U.S. Rep. Gene Green (TX-29) (announced May 18, 2007)
 

Kucinich
none
 

Not Endorsing
U.S. Sen. and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (NV)  (remaining neutral as co-chair of the Nevada Caucus Commission)
U.S. Sen. Tom Harkin (IA) (see Sept. 14, 2007 appearance on IPTV's "Iowa Press")
U.S. Rep. Shelley Berkley (NV-1) (remaining neutral as co-chair of the Nevada Caucus Commission)
U.S. Rep. and House Majority Whip James E. Clyburn (SC-6)  (Jim Davenport.  "Clyburn says he will not endorse primary candidate."  The Associated Press.  Feb. 14 2007)

Notes
What constitutes an endorsement?  On Feb. 27, 2007 the Politico's Josephine Hearn reported on a breakfast that Sen. Obama was holding for members of Congress.  Among the names appearing on the invitation were Reps. John Lewis (GA), Neil Abercrombie (HI), Elijah E. Cummings (MD), Adam Smith (WA) and Keith Ellison (MN).  However, in subsequent calls to their offices, spokesmen for Lewis and Cummings said clearly that their members have not made any endorsements in the presidential race.  Lewis was subject of further speculation anniversary of Bloody Sunday event in Selma and issued a press release.  He ultimately endorsed Sen. Clinton on Oct. 12.  There is also the question of withdrawing or switching an endorsement.  A couple of Tennessee congresspeople switched their support from Gov. Romney to former Sen. Thompson, the home state favorite, once it became likely that he might run.  Later, a Nov. 19, 2007 article in CQ delved into frustrations among several "disillusioned Thompson endorsers" without naming names, however; none indicated plans to withdraw their support.
 

Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's response to a reporter's question(s) on his role in 2008 at the Sacramento Press Club luncheon on January 17, 2007:
Q: Carla Marinucci with the San Francisco Chronicle. Governor, youíve indicated you intend to travel to other states, Iowa and New Hampshire, to present your views on government and Republican ideals. What exactly do you want to accomplish? Whatís your goal in doing that? And as the Republican governor of the largest state in the nation, do you commit now to campaigning and supporting a Republican candidate for president in 2008?

GOVERNOR: Well, first of all, let me just say that the reason why I said that Iím interested in giving speeches and talking about various different issues, not only in California but in other states, is because I think itís very important that we make the candidates from both of the parties address some of those important issues that are not only important to our stateólike for instance, the environment, or health care, Social Security, immigration reformóthose are issues that ought to be debated on the national level. And I think that the more we are out there and talk about that, the more, I think, the people are requesting and demanding that the candidates address those issues. And so thatís really what we want to accomplish, is to put the spotlight on those issues and to say that the federal government has failed so far to address those issues, and thatís why we as a state have to fight over those things, when in fact it should be the federal government that should be addressing those issues, including health care, and I think immigration and all of those. So I think that it isóIím not going to chase the presidential candidates from state to state, or go to those primary states or anything like that. Thatís not the idea. But to just go to a few places all over the United States and address those issues and talk about it, and put the spotlight on it.

And when it comes toóthere was another question about endorsing candidates. I have not at all thought about am I going to campaign for somebody. Right now I think what we need to do is just look at everybody. Letís see what they have to say, what their approach is, and do they really have a great plan? Who has really a great plan for the future of this state? Who is really going to address the environmental issues? Who is going to address that we should be less dependent on fossil fuel? What kind of goals do they want to set for those things? How do they want to address health care issues, immigration issues and all those things? So I want to hear the candidates talk about those things, and then I can start thinking about, is there anyone in there that I will endorse, or that I will campaign for?
 

Circumstances changes
In an April 21, 2006 appearance on HBO's "Real Time With Bill Maher" U.S. Rep. Rahm Emanuel (IL-5) stated, "I'm supporting Hillary Clinton. I'm public about it."  At that time fellow Illinoisian U.S. Sen. Barack Obama was not seen as a likely presidential candidate.
 

Explanation for not endorsing
Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) on IPTV's "Iowa Press" on Sept. 14, 2007:

Glover: SENATOR, LET'S START WITH YOUR STEAK FRY. IT'S MORE OR LESS THE CENTER OF THE NATION'S POLITICAL UNIVERSE THIS WEEKEND. YOU'RE AT THE CENTER OF EVERYTHING. ALL OF THE CANDIDATES ARE COMING AND KISSING THE RING, AS IT WERE. ARE YOU PLANNING ON ENDORSING IN THIS CYCLE?

Harkin: NO.

Glover: YOU'RE NOT GOING TO ENDORSE A CANDIDATE?

Harkin: I HAVE NO PLANS TO DO SO. I'LL TELL YOU, WE HAVE GOT THE BEST CANDIDATES I HAVE SEEN IN A LONG TIME. EVERY ONE OF THEM MAKES ME PROUD. EACH ONE OF THEM COULD GET ELECTED PRESIDENT AND I THINK WOULD MAKE AN OUTSTANDING PRESIDENT. THEY'RE ALL MY FRIENDS AND I WISH THEM ALL WELL AND I DO NOT INTEND TO DO ANY ENDORSEMENTS.

Glover: IS PART OF YOUR THINKING GOING INTO NOT MAKING AN ENDORSEMENT FALLOUT FROM THE HOWARD DEAN ENDORSEMENT LAST TIME THAT REALLY DIDN'T WORK OUT TOO WELL?

Harkin: IT DIDN'T REALLY WORK OUT TOO WELL. I THINK THAT'S WHEN IOWA DEMOCRATS TOLD ME TO MIND MY OWN BUSINESS AND THEY'D MAKE UP THEIR OWN MINDS. AND AGAIN, IT JUST BRINGS HOME AGAIN THE INDEPENDENT-MINDED IOWA VOTERS. I MEAN I LOVE IT! THERE IS NO MACHINE IN THIS STATE. YOU DON'T TELL THEM WHAT TO DO. THEY MAKE UP THEIR OWN MINDS AND I THINK THAT'S -- THAT'S WHY THE IOWA CAUCUSES ARE SO UNIQUE AND SO GOOD FOR OUR COUNTRY.

[transcript from "Iowa Press"]
 
Copyright © 2007, 2008  Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action