Inaugurals are a time of hope, of reflection on where our country stands, and of celebration, with a grand parade and glamorous inaugural balls.  They mark the peaceful transition of power, or in this case the renewal of an administration.  On January 20, 2005 George W. Bush was sworn in to a second term as President of 
the United States and delivered his inaugural address.

On the West Front of the Capitol, ailing Chief Justice William Rehnquist swore in President George W. Bush to a second term.  The oath is set out in Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."  [More Photos of the Swearing in Ceremony]

The 2005 Presidential Inaugural Committee (PIC) organized events for the 55th Inaugural under the theme "Celebrating Freedom-Honoring Service."  PIC accomplished much of its work in a period of just two months.  President Bush announced the leadership of the 2005 PIC on Nov. 19, 2004.  PIC's budget was in the range of $30-40 million, and it had 400-500 people working to plan and organize the various activities.  PIC was aided by the Armed Forces Inaugural Committee (AFIC), a joint task force of the five Armed Forces branches "charged with coordinating all military ceremonial participation and support for the 2005 presidential inauguration."  The Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies (JCCIC) was responsible for all events held at the Capitol.  Numerous agencies coordinated on security for the events of inaugural week.

"Celebrating Freedom-Honoring Service"
Tuesday, January 18, 2005
Saluting Those Who Serve
MCI Center
"will pay special tribute to our troops abroad and thank them for their service"

Chairman's Reception
Mellon Auditorium

Youth Concert
The Armory

"will focus on and pay homage to future leaders of America.  The concert will highlight community and public service and will include musical acts and guest speakers."
Wednesday, January 19, 2005
Chairman's Brunch
Mellon Auditorium

A Celebration of Freedom
The Ellipse
"will pay homage to the ideals that make America so unique and will feature a variety of musical acts, entertainment, and a fireworks display."

Candlelight Dinners
Candlelight Dinner #1
Union Station
Candlelight Dinner #2
The Washington Hilton
Candlelight Dinner #3
National Building Museum

Black Tie & Boots Ball
Marriott Wardman

Thursday, January 20, 2005
St. John's Church Service
St. John's Church

Swearing In Ceremony
U.S. Capitol

Inaugural Luncheon
U.S. Capitol

Inaugural Parade
Pennsylvania Avenue

Inaugural Balls
Constitution Ball (Washington Hilton)
Freedom Ball (Union Station)
Independence Ball (Convention Center A)
Texas/Wyoming Ball (Convention Center B)
Liberty Ball (Convention Center C)
Democracy Ball (Convention Center D)
Patriot Ball (Convention Center E)
Stars and Stripes Ball (Convention Center Ballroom)

Commander-in-Chief Ball (National Building Museum)
"a special celebration for active troops and their families, focusing on those who have recently returned from Iraq and Afghanistan or will be soon deployed there." 
-free of charge to invited men and women of the armed forces and their families.-

Friday, January 21, 2005
National Prayer Service
National Cathedral
Executive director of PIC, in charge of bringing the various celebratory events together, was Greg Jenkins.  Prior to taking on the job Jenkins served as served as Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Advance for two years.  (For example, he organized Bush's surprise visit to Iraq for Thanksgiving 2003).  Jenkins joined the Bush advance team in 1999, leaving a position as a producer at Fox News.  PIC leadership as announced Nov. 19, 2003.  PIC finances.

The tentative schedule of events was first announced Dec. 15, 2004

General Service Contractor  for the decor at many of the above events is Hargrove, Inc. of Lanham, MD.

AFIC started work in Jan. 2004; it had a core staff of 200-plus full-time (PCS/permanent change of station) and additional personnel on temporary duty bringing the total to approximately 710 by "I-Day." Commander of AFIC was Major General Galen B. Jackman, who most recently served as Director of Operations for the United States Southern Command.  According to the FAQs on its website, JTF-AFIC funding for the 2005 inauguration is: "$4 million, with about $3 million in Fiscal Year 2004 and just over $1 million in FY 2005.  The largest portion of this budget is used for such things as computers, communications, equipment, supplies, vehicle support, training, utilities, maintenance, and travel."

The Office of the Architect of the Capitol was appropriated $2.8 million to support the 55th Presidential Inaugural activities, including design and construction and removal of the platform and other preparations on the West Front of the U.S. Capitol.

JCCIC was established by S.Con.Res. 94, agreed to on March 16, 2004.  The six-person committee consisted of the Senate Majority Leader (Sen. Bill Frist (TN)), the Chair and ranking member of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (Sen. Trent Lott (MS) and Sen. Christopher Dodd (CT)), the Speaker of the House (Dennis Hastert (IL)), the Majority Leader (Tom DeLay (TX)), and the Minority Leader (Nancy Pelosi (CA)).  The committee held its first meeting on April 1 and selected Trent Lott as its chair.  JCCIC had a budget of $1.25 million to carry out its activities (Legislative Branch Appropriations Bill, 2005; became Public Law 108-447 on Dec. 8, 2004). >

2005 Presidential Inaugural Committee
Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies
Armed Forces Inaugural Committee

Nov. 19, 2004--Work is underway to build the review and press stands for the Inaugural Parade.

More Photos of Preparations

Turn Your Back on Bush


2001 Presidential Inaugural

Copyright © 2004, 2005  Eric M. Appleman/Democracy in Action.